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USO Curs 07 Handout 4on1 Notes

USO Curs 07 Handout 4on1 Notes

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Published by: Alexandru Grigore on Nov 11, 2012
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12/04/2012

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Cursul 7
Considerente hardware. Init
,
ializarea sistemuluiUtilizarea Sistemelor de Operare (USO)12 noiembrie 2012
Departamentul de Calculatoare
Moto
Software gets slower faster than hardware gets faster.Wirth’s Law What boots up must come down.
Compilarea programelor
cod surscod preprocesatpreprocesor(GNU CPP)gcc -Ecod preprocesat
limbaj de asamblare
compilator(GCC)gcc -c
limbaj de asamblare
cod obiectasamblor(GAS)gcc -Scod obiectexecutabillinker(GNU LD)gcc
 
Suport curs
Suport (Introducere ˆın sisteme de operare)
Capitolul 6 – Pornirea s
,
i init
,
ializarea sistemului
Capitolul 7 – Analiza hardware a sistemului
Hardware vs. Software
Hardware vs. Software
Hardware
partea fizic˘a a unui sistem de calcul, incluzˆand circuiteledigitale
Hardware /nm./: the part of the computer that you can kick 
Software
instruct
,
iuni (programe) care ruleaz˘a ˆın cadrul hardware-ului
H s
,
i S sunt interconectate s
,
i inutile unul f˘ar˘a cel˘alalt
PC hardware – numai 0.2% din hardware-ul de sisteme decalcul
Componentele unui PC
NotesNotesNotesNotes
 
Componentele unui PC (cont.)
carcas˘a (
chassis 
) + alimentare)
placa de baz˘a (
motherboard 
)
sust
,
ine mai multe componente s
,
i comunicat
,
ia dintre acestea
BIOS (
Basic Input Output System
)
magistrale de comunicatie: PCI, AGP, ISA
microprocesor (
central processing unit – CPU 
)
comand˘a s
,
i execut
,
ie (creierul sistemului)
memorie RAM (
Random Access Memory 
)
spat
,
iul de stocare a programelor s
,
i a datelor folosite
instruct
,
iuni (cod) s
,
i date
Componentele unui PC (cont.)
controller-e de stocare: IDE, SATA, SCSI
controleaz˘a dispozitivele de stocare extern˘a
se g˘asesc pe placa de baa
hard disk drive, CD-ROM drive, floppy disk drive, zip drive,USB flash drive
dispozitive de stocare extern˘a
plac˘a video – produce ies
,
irea pentru dispozitivul de afis
,
are
plac˘a de sunet – are terminale unde se vor conecta boxe
plac˘a de ret
,
ea permite conectarea calculatorului ˆıntr-o ret
,
ealocaa
alte dispozitive: tastatur˘a, mouse, joystick, monitor, webcam,microfon, imprimant˘a, boxe, etc.
Placa de baz˘a
Placa de baz˘a (cont.)
NotesNotesNotesNotes

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