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Domestic Violence Health Fair Project

Domestic Violence Health Fair Project

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Published by n2biology

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Published by: n2biology on Nov 11, 2012
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial


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Domestic Violence...What is It?
As domestic violence awareness has increased, it has become evident thatabuse can occur within a number of relationships. The laws in many statescover incidents of violence occurring between married couples, as well as abuseof elders by family members, abuse between roommates, dating couples andthose in lesbian and gay relationships.In an abusive relationship, the abuser may use a number of tactics other thanphysical violence in order to maintain power and control over his or herpartner:
 Emotional and verbal abuse:
 Survivors of domestic violence recount stories of put-downs, publichumiliation, name-calling, mind games and manipulation by their partners.Many say that the emotional abuse they have suffered has left the deepestscars.
 It is common for an abuser to be extremely jealous, and insist that the victimnot see her friends or family members. The resulting feeling of isolation maythen be increased for the victim if she loses her job as a result of absenteeismor decreased productivity (which are often associated with people who areexperiencing domestic violence).
Threats and Intimidation:
 Threats -- including threats of violence, suicide, or of taking away the children-- are a very common tactic employed by the batterer.The existence of emotional and verbal abuse, attempts to isolate, and threatsand intimidation within a relationship may be an indication that physicalabuse is to follow. Even if they are not accompanied by physical abuse, theeffect of these incidents must not be minimized.
Who Are the Victims?
Women were attacked about six times more often by offenders with whomthey had an intimate relationship than were male violence victims.Nearly 30 percent of all female homicide victims were known to have beenkilled by their husbands, former husbands or boyfriends.In contrast, just over 3 percent of male homicide victims were known to havebeen killed by their wives, former wives or girlfriends.Husbands, former husbands, boyfriends and ex-boyfriends committed morethan one million violent acts against women.Family members or other people they knew committed more than 2.7 millionviolent crimes against women.Husbands, former husbands, boyfriends and ex-boyfriends committed 26percent of rapes and sexual assaults.Forty-five percent of all violent attacks against female victims 12 years old andolder by multiple offenders involve offenders they know.The rate of intimate-offender attacks on women separated from theirhusbands was about three times higher than that of divorced women and about25 times higher than that of married women.Women of all races were equally vulnerable to attacks by intimates.Female victims of violence were more likely to be injured when attacked bysomeone they knew than female victims of violence who were attacked bystrangers.Sexual assault, domestic violence, and stalking are significant issues facingwomen today, with college-age women at particularly high risk. One in 5women will be the victim of attempted or completed sexual assault. In 2009,the Bureau of Justice Statistics found that women between the age of 18 and 24are at the highest risk for stalking and intimate partner violence.
Myths About Family Violence
Family violence is rare...
 Although statistics on family violence are not precise, it's clear that familymembers and other intimately involved individuals abuse millions of children,women and even men physically.Myth:
Family violence is confined to the lower classes...
 Reports from police records, victim services, and academic studies showdomestic violence exists equally in every socioeconomic group, regardless of race or culture.Myth:
 Alcohol and drug abuse are the real causes of violence in the home...
 Because many male batterers also abuse alcohol and other drugs, it's easy toconclude that these substances may cause domestic violence. They apparentlydo increase the lethality of the violence, but they also offer the batterer anotherexcuse to evade responsibility for his behavior. The abusive man -- and menare the abusers in the overwhelming majority of domestic violence incidents --typically controls his actions, even when drunk or high, by choosing a time andplace for the assaults to take place in private and go undetected. In addition,successful completion of a drug treatment program does not guarantee an endto battering. Domestic violence and substance abuse are two differentproblems that should be treated separately.Myth:
 Battered wives like being hit, otherwise they would leave...
 The most common response to battering-- "Why doesn't she just leave?"--ignores economic and social realities facing many women. Shelters are oftenfull, and family, friends, and the workplace are frequently less than fullysupportive. Faced with rent and utility deposits, day care, health insurance,and other basic expenses, the woman may feel that she cannot support herself and her children. Moreover, in some instances, the woman may be increasingthe chance of physical harm or even death if she leaves an abusive spouse.

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