On this date:In 1787
,severe ﬂooding struck Dublin,Ireland,as the RiverLiffey rose.
,American suffragist Elizabeth Cady Stanton was bornin Johnstown,N.Y.
,the short-lived Republic of German-Austria wasdeclared.
,Josef Stalin became the undisputed ruler of the SovietUnion as Leon Trotsky was expelled from the CommunistParty.
,the San Francisco-Oakland Bay Bridge opened asPresident Franklin D. Roosevelt pressed a telegraph key inWashington,D.C.,giving the green light to trafﬁc.
,former Japanese premier Hideki Tojo and severalother World War II Japanese leaders were sentenced to deathby a war crimes tribunal.
,news of the My Lai Massacre in South Vietnam inMarch 1968 was broken by investigative reporter SeymourHersh.
,the city of New Orleans elected its ﬁrst black mayor,Ernest “Dutch”Morial,the winner of a runoff.
,Yuri V. Andropov (ahn-DROH’-pawf) was elected tosucceed the late Leonid I. Brezhnev as general secretary of theSoviet Communist Party’s Central Committee.
,the American Medical Association issued a policy state-ment saying it was unethical for a doctor to refuse to treat some-one solely because that person had AIDS or was HIV-positive.
,Japanese Emperor Akihito formally assumed theChrysanthemum Throne. Actress Eve Arden died in BeverlyHills,Calif. at age 82.
,American Airlines Flight 587,an Airbus A300 head-ed to the Dominican Republic,crashed after takeoff from NewYork’s John F. Kennedy International Airport,killing all 260people on board and ﬁve people on the ground.Actor-playwright Wallace Shawn is 69. Singer Brian Hyland is69. Rhythm-and-blues singer Jimmy Hayes (Persuasions) is 69.Sportscaster Al Michaels is 68. Sen. Jack Reed,D-R.I.,is 63.Country/gospel singer Barbara Fairchild is 62. Actress MeganMullally is 54. Actor Vincent Irizarry is 53. Olympic gold medalgymnast Nadia Comaneci (koh-muh-NEECH') is 51. FormerMLB player Sammy Sosa is 44. Actress Radha Mitchell is 39.Actress Lourdes Benedicto is 38. Singer Tevin Campbell is 36.Actress Ashley Williams is 34. Actor Ryan Gosling is 32. .Actress Anne Hathaway is 30. Pop singer Omarion is 28. ActressMacey Cruthird is 20.
Nation pays tribute tosacriﬁces of veterans
LOS ANGELES — From sea to shin-ing sea,the nation paid tribute to itsmembers of the armed services Sunday,both with somber traditions such as aVirginia wreath-laying ceremony attend-ed by President Barack Obama to honorthose who didn’t make it back fromactive duty,and more lighthearted perksincluding red-carpet treatment at LasVegas casinos for those who did.In California,a long legal case drew toa close as a war memorial cross that hadbeen deemed unconstitutional was beingresurrected Sunday in the Mojave desert,capping a landmark case for veteransﬁghting similar battles on public lands.Sunday marked the ofﬁcial commem-oration of Veterans Day,but the federalholiday will be observed Monday.President Barack Obama laid thewreath at the Tomb of the Unknowns atArlington Memorial Cemetery inVirginia and noted that this is the ﬁrstVeterans Day in a decade with noAmerican troops in Iraq,and that adecade of war in Afghanistan is comingto a close.In a speech at the MemorialAmphitheater,he said America willnever forget the sacriﬁce made by itsveterans and their families.“No ceremony or parade,no hug orhandshake is enough to truly honor thatservice,”the president said,adding thatthe country must commit every day “toserving you as well as you’ve served us.”He spoke of the Sept. 11 generation,“who stepped forward when the Towersfell,and in the years since have steppedinto history,writing one of the greatestchapters in military service our countryhas ever known.”Over the next few years,he said,morethan 1 million service members willmake the transition to civilian life. “Asthey come home,it falls to us,their fel-low citizens,to be there for them andtheir families,not just now but always.”Later,the president and his wife,ﬁrstlady Michelle Obama,and VicePresident Joe Biden and his wife,Jill,greeted families in the cemetery’sSection 60,home to graves of servicemembers killed in Afghanistan and Iraq.In California,a war memorial crossthat once stood on a rocky hilltop in anational park before being deemedunconstitutional and ordered removedwas being resurrected in the stunninglystark Mojave desert,marking the end of a longstanding legal dispute that hadbecome entangled in patriotism and reli-gion.Henry Sandoz,who cared for the orig-inal cross as part of a promise to a dyingWorld War I veteran,will rededicate anew,7-foot steel cross on the same hill-top. The site is now in private hands aspart of a land swap with the NationalPark Service that ended the legal battle.“Judges and lawyers may have playedtheir roles,but it was the veterans whoearned this memorial,and it is for themit rises once more,”said attorney HiramSasser of the Texas-based LibertyInstitute,which represented veterans inthe legal ﬁght.The settlement approved by a federal judge in April permitted the Park Service to turn over the acre of landknown as Sunrise Rock to a Veteran of Foreign Wars post in Barstow and theVeterans Home of California-Barstow inexchange for ﬁve acres of donated prop-erty elsewhere in the 1.6 million acrepreserve,about a four-hour drive east of Los Angeles.The donated land was owned bySandoz and his wife,Wanda,of YuccaValley.Sandoz has cared for the memorial asa promise to World War I veteran RileyBembry,who with other shell-shockedvets went to the desert to help heal anderected a wooden cross on Sunrise Rock in 1934.It was later replaced with a cross madeof steel pipes.Then Sunrise Rock became part of theMojave National Preserve in 1994,put-ting the Christian symbol on public land.The American Civil Liberties Unionﬁled a lawsuit in 2001 on behalf of aretired Park Service employee whoargued the cross was unconstitutional ongovernment property because of the sep-aration of church and state,and federalcourts ordered it removed.
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