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21-09-12Homework

21-09-12Homework

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Published by Tom Seaton

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Published by: Tom Seaton on Nov 12, 2012
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T3: (CRI) TA 2, DEB: Is Hume right about what can beimagined? Are there criticisms against Hume?
-
 
Not sure about anything.-
 
Hume’s observations have no practical use because we can’t live according to them
 Eg: theres no reason to take a breath, no proof air wont suddenly be poisonous, no reason
to take a step, because there’s no reason the earth won’
t collapse beneath our feet-
 
However,despite the fact that his ideas are of no real practical use, they are logical. All of ourideas are based on what has happened in the past.
 
CRI 1: The external world and sense data:
 
1. Is there an external world at all? 
2. If yes, how do our ideas 
reflect 
or 
correspond to 
 external reality? 
-
 
1: Yes, there is. The world exists independently of human existence.-
 
2: Ou
r senses are compositions of data. Everyone’s eyes receive light reflected from things,
but do we know we all see the same thing? Do we know we interpret sound/light/pain etc inthe same way?
We’d have a much different perspective on the external world if 
we have 10eyes, surely?
CRI 3: Empiricism collapses into solipsismSolipsism(+CRI) 3'
-
 
Empiricism asserts that knowledge comes from experience and evidence, which means fromthe outside. Solipsism asserts that all knowledge from the outside is unjustified, subjective,cannot be known for certain, and might not even exist.
CRI4: Sense impressions are not necessary (or bythemselves: not sufficient) for ideas/K: (cf. CLlist/Wittgenstein)
-
 
words such as ‘and’ ‘or’ ‘is’ and ‘either’ all seem to be
an integral part in our languagewithout which, communication would be almost impossible. These ideas do not havecorresponding sense impressions and they are not empty or meaningless as Hume wouldhave suggested.
CRI5: Logical connectives, logic in generaldo not require sense impressions (8/9)
-explain in your words to your partner:
 
 
-
 
Logic does not require sense impressions, as is proved by mathematics. We know that in thisuniverse, two plus two equals four, yet we have no sense impression of this. The sameprinciple applies to other mathematics.
CRI6: Concept language is public and doesn'tarise from private sense impressions
(9 middle)
 –
explain in your own words
-
 
We don’t physically experience the meaning of words from public language, yet we can
GRASP the concept of it.
CRI7: The problem of induction
-(Wikipedia copy paste)
The
problem of induction
is the philosophical question of 
 
whether inductive reasoning leads to knowledge understood in the classic philosophicalsense,
[1]
since it focuses on the lack of justification for either:1.
 
Generalizing about the properties of a class of objects based on some number of observations of particular instances of that class (for example, the inference that "all swanswe have seen are white, and therefore all swans are white," before the discovery of blackswans)or2.
 
Presupposing that a sequence of events in the future will occur as it always has in the past(for example, that thelaws of physicswill hold as they have always been observed to hold).Hume called this thePrinciple of Uniformity of Nature.
CRI8: Prior theorizing required <-????CRI9: Mind-independent world is unknowable(23)
-
 
We can never know what the
external world
is actually like because we will always berestricted by our minds?

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