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Murphy Thesis

Murphy Thesis

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Published by JosDoai Tran

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Published by: JosDoai Tran on Nov 13, 2012
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06/30/2014

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RICE UNIVERSITY
Design, Implementation and Characterization of aCooperative Communications System
by
Patrick O. Murphy
A Thesis Submittedin Partial Fulfillment of theRequirements for the Degree
Doctor of Philosophy
Approved, Thesis Committee:
Ashutosh Sabharwal, ChairAssociate Professor of Electrical andComputer EngineeringBehnaam AazhangJ.S. Abercrombie Professor of Electricaland Computer EngineeringEdward W. KnightlyProfessor of Electrical and ComputerEngineeringDavid B. JohnsonProfessor of Computer Science
Houston, TexasDecember 2010
 
ABSTRACTDesign, Implementation and Characterization of aCooperative Communications SystembyPatrick O. MurphyCooperative communications is a class of techniques which seek to improve re-liability and throughput in wireless systems by pooling the resources of distributednodes. While cooperation can occur at different network layers and time scales,physical layer cooperation at symbol time scales offers the largest benefit. However,symbol level cooperation poses significant implementation challenges, especially inthe context of a network of distributed nodes.We first present the design and implementation of a complete cooperative physicallayer transceiver, built from scratch on the Wireless Open-Access Research Platform(WARP). In our implementation fully distributed nodes employ physical layer co-operation at symbol time scales without requiring a central synchronization source.Our design supports per-packet selection of non-cooperative or cooperative commu-nication, with cooperative links utilizing either amplify and forward or decode andforward relaying. A single design implements transmission, reception and relaying,allowing each node to assume the role of source, destination or relay per packet.We also present experimental methodologies for evaluating our design and exten-sive experimental results of our transceiver’s performance under a variety of topologiesand propagation conditions. Our methods are designed to test both overall perfor-
 
mance and to isolate and understand the underlying causes of performance bottle-necks. Our results clearly demonstrate significant performance gains (more than 50
×
improvement in PER in some topologies) provided by physical layer cooperation evenwhen subject to the constraints of a real-time implementation.As with all our work on WARP, our transceiver design and experimental frame-work are available via the open-source WARP repository for use by other wirelessresearchers.

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