steeluniversity.org Teacher Guide
Electric Arc Furnace Simulation
Scrap Type Picture Description Possible mix / tonnesCON ULC LPS* ENGNo1 Heavy
Predominantly 6 mm thick, in sizes not exceeding1.50 m × 0.60 m × 0.60 m (or as otherwise agreed)prepared in a manner to ensure compact charging. Mayinclude tube and hollow section, wire rope properlyprepared by agreement with consumer, properlyprepared material from heavy commercial vehiclesincluding wheels, but excluding body and wheels fromlight vehicles.20 3
Predominantly 3 mm thick, in sizes not exceeding1 m × 0.60 m × 0.60 m (or as otherwise agreed)prepared in a manner to ensure compact charging. Mayinclude properly prepared material from dismantledvehicles including light vehicle wheels, but must excludevehicle body arisings and also domestic appliances.5 40
No pictureScrap accumulated within the steel works that has nomore than a total of 5 wt-% of alloying elements and nomore than 1 wt-% carbon content. Size and shapevaries but is usually compressed to ensure easycharging.
Consists of cut structural and plate arisingspredominantly 6 mm thick in sizes not exceeding 1.50 m× 0.60 m × 0.60 m (or as otherwise agreed) prepared ina manner to ensure compact charging. May includeproperly prepared wagon material less than 6 mm thick.Excludes tube and hollow section.5
New black steel sheet scrap, clippings or skeleton scrap,compressed or hand bundled, to charging box size, andweighing not less than 75 pounds per cubic foot. (Handbundles are tightly secured for handling with a magnet.)May include Stanley balls or mandrel wound bundles orskeleton reels, tightly secured. May include chemicallydetinned material. May not include old auto body or30 42 50 20© 2007 International Iron and Steel Institute 2