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Teacher Guide 1

Teacher Guide 1

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Published by Ahmed Hamed

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Published by: Ahmed Hamed on Nov 13, 2012
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial


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Teacher Guide
This set of guides has been prepared for steeluniversity.org ‘ambassadors’ and approved teachers and trainers to helpin using the website resources in a range of teaching andlearning scenarios.They are not intended for general release to the public andon no account should electronic versions be posted onpublicly-accessible websites or fileservers.
Basic Solutions for All Four Grades in EAF andSecondary Steelmaking Simulations
These are suggested production routes thatTeachers/Demonstrators can use. They should lead toa successful result (at University Student level),although this will not be the best (least cost) solution.
Production Solutions for the Linepipe Steel Gradein BOF, EAF, Secondary Steelmaking andContinuous Casting Simulations
These are suggested production routes for a singlegrade through several different steelmakingsimulations which are, or will soon be, linked. Note:Suggested additions for secondary steelmaking willneed to be re-calculated if the simulations are linked(using a saved cast from EAF/BOF) rather than run as’standalone’.
Suggestions for Using Steelmaking Simulationswith Adults and Children
Case studies and materials (recipes, equipmentrequirements, certificates etc.) for running simulationsand/or steelmaking challenges with different agegroups.If you have any feedback regarding this guide, please getin touch via thecontact pageat www.steeluniversity.org.
steeluniversity.org Teacher Guide
Basic Solutions for All Four Grades inElectric Arc Furnace and SecondarySteelmaking Simulations
Purpose of this Guide
This guide is designed to give demonstrators suggested additions and productionroutes that will allow the Electric Arc Furnace (EAF) and Secondary Steelmaking(SSM) simulations to be completed as ‘standalone’ for each of the four pre-setgrades featured. It does not cover suggestions for any customized alloycompositions that may be added to the simulation manually or ‘linked’ productionin the SSM simulation using a cast saved previously in the EAF.It should be noted that although these suggested routes, if followed correctly, willgive a successful simulation result, this will not necessarily be the best (i.e. mostcost-effective) solution.
Format of Suggested Route
EAF – Suggested scrap additions are given for the selected alloy. The user willneed to divide these up into appropriate loads for each basket for charging to thefurnace. Where appropriate, suggestions for further additions, e.g. to make afoaming slag, are given.SSM – Each suggested route details the typical tapping composition and the aimcomposition for the selected alloy, followed by a series of steps including theroute around the plant equipment and alloy additions.
There are not the only possible routes and the exact additions and processconditions will depend on the starting composition that the simulation presentseach time it is started.© 2007 International Iron and Steel Institute 1
steeluniversity.org Teacher Guide
Electric Arc Furnace Simulation
Scrap Type Picture Description Possible mix / tonnesCON ULC LPS* ENGNo1 Heavy
 Predominantly 6 mm thick, in sizes not exceeding1.50 m × 0.60 m × 0.60 m (or as otherwise agreed)prepared in a manner to ensure compact charging. Mayinclude tube and hollow section, wire rope properlyprepared by agreement with consumer, properlyprepared material from heavy commercial vehiclesincluding wheels, but excluding body and wheels fromlight vehicles.20 3
No2 Heavy
 Predominantly 3 mm thick, in sizes not exceeding1 m × 0.60 m × 0.60 m (or as otherwise agreed)prepared in a manner to ensure compact charging. Mayinclude properly prepared material from dismantledvehicles including light vehicle wheels, but must excludevehicle body arisings and also domestic appliances.5 40
Internal LowAlloyed
 No pictureScrap accumulated within the steel works that has nomore than a total of 5 wt-% of alloying elements and nomore than 1 wt-% carbon content. Size and shapevaries but is usually compressed to ensure easycharging.
Plate andStructural
 Consists of cut structural and plate arisingspredominantly 6 mm thick in sizes not exceeding 1.50 m× 0.60 m × 0.60 m (or as otherwise agreed) prepared ina manner to ensure compact charging. May includeproperly prepared wagon material less than 6 mm thick.Excludes tube and hollow section.5
No1 Bundles
 New black steel sheet scrap, clippings or skeleton scrap,compressed or hand bundled, to charging box size, andweighing not less than 75 pounds per cubic foot. (Handbundles are tightly secured for handling with a magnet.)May include Stanley balls or mandrel wound bundles orskeleton reels, tightly secured. May include chemicallydetinned material. May not include old auto body or30 42 50 20© 2007 International Iron and Steel Institute 2

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