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Ralls v CFIUS_Brief in Support of Motion to Participate as Amici Curiae

Ralls v CFIUS_Brief in Support of Motion to Participate as Amici Curiae

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Published by: Cause of Action on Nov 13, 2012
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04/08/2013

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IN THE UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURTFOR THE DISTRICT OF COLUMBIA
_________________________________________)RALLS CORPORATION, )))
 Plaintiff 
, )) Case No
.
1:12-cv-01513-ABJv. ))BARACK H. OBAMA, )in his official capacity as )President of the United States, )COMMITTEE ON FOREIGN INVESTMENT )IN THE UNITED STATES, and )TIMOTHY F. GEITHNER, in his official )capacity as Secretary of the Treasury
 
and )Chairman of the Committee on Foreign )Investement in the United States, )))
 Defendants
. )_________________________________________ )
BRIEF OF OREGON WINDFARMS, LLC,KENT MADISON, WILLIAM J. DOHERTY, AND IVAR CHRISTENSENAS AMICI CURIAE IN SUPPORT OF PLAINTIFF
 
-ii-
TABLE OF CONTENTS
STATEMENT OF IDENTITY, INTEREST IN THE CASE, AND SOURCE OFAUTHORITY TO FILE .......................................................................................................... viiiSTATEMENT OF CORPORATE DISCLOSURE ...................................................................... xSTATEMENT OF AUTHORSHIP AND FINANCIAL CONTRIBUTIONS .............................. xINTRODUCTION ...................................................................................................................... 1ARGUMENT .............................................................................................................................. 1I.
 
The Fifth Amendments Due Process Clause prohibits the government fromdepriving Ralls of its property without due process of law ......................................... 1II.
 
Congress cannot statutorily divest all courts of jurisdiction to determinewhether a deprivation of property violates the Fifth Amendments Due ProcessClause ........................................................................................................................ 3A.
 
The Fifth Amendments Due Process Clause trumps Congresss jurisdiction-stripping authority and requires judicial review of Rallssconstitutional claims ....................................................................................... 3B.
 
Congresss Exceptions Clause authority is subject to the Fifth AmendmentsDue Process Clause regardless of whether its ostensible purpose forexercising that authority is national security ................................................... 5III.
 
This Court may construe 50 U.S.C. Appx. § 2170(i) to limit the scope of thestatutes jurisdiction-stripping provision to avoid a grave constitutional question ...... 7IV.
 
CFIUS and the President deprived Ralls of property without any
 
due process, inviolation of the Fifth Amendment .............................................................................. 9A.
 
Defendants orders deprived Ralls of its property ........................................... 9B.
 
Defendants failed to afford Ralls an opportunity to be heard or even toinform it of the general nature of evidence purportedly justifying thisdeprivation ................................................................................................... 10
 
-iii-V.
 
Judicial review of Executive Branch actions under 50 U.S.C. Appx. § 2170 is acritical safeguard for American businesses that benefit from foreign investmentin the United States .................................................................................................. 14A.
 
Only the federal judiciary can ensure that the Executive Branch does notinvoke 50 U.S.C. Appx. § 2170 to arbitrarily deprive businesses of theirproperty interests without due process .......................................................... 14B.
 
The absence of judicial review of Executive Branch actions under50 U.S.C. Appx. § 2170 would have serious consequences for Americancitizens and businesses ................................................................................. 15C.
 
Judicial review is a necessary prophylactic against the Executive Branchasserting extra-constitutional authority in a manner inimical to basicseparation-of-powers principles .................................................................... 17CONCLUSION ......................................................................................................................... 18

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