becomes a value more than the voltage acrosscapacitor Cs, the diode
the subsidiary switchingblock conducts.Inthis case, this circuit moves toMode3.(c) Mode
When the diode of the subsidiary active switchconducts, the current also begins to flow through thecapacitor Cs. Because capacitance Cs of thecapacitor has 25 times as large as
capacitance ofthe capacitor C1, most
the Current flows throughthe capacitor Cs, and rises with slow gradient withvoltage Vswl.(d) Mode
The current starts to flow through Mode
fromprimary leakage transformer to the capacitor Cs withthe resonance operation. During the time intervalduring Mode
a subsidiary active power switchturns
When the subsidiary active power switchis turned
behind the optional time, it moves toMode 5.(e) Mode 5
the current flows from primaryleakage transformer to the capacitor C1. Since thecapacitance
the capacitor C1 is small, the voltageacross the active power switch
decreases to zeroand the circuit operation in Mode
is repeatedcyclically.Because of
main active power switch turns onafter the voltage across the active power switch
becomes zero in Mode
zero voltage switching canbe achieved completely. During the time interval inMode
and Mode 4, the voltage across the activepower switch
is clamped and kept to a voltagelower than the voltage across the active power switchof the conventional single-ended soft-switchinginverter circuit.
The simulation results of the input power andinverter operating frequency are shown in Fig.4 as afunction of the duty factor D,The peak value ofthe current through the heater of the magnetron areshown Fig.5 as a function of the duty factor Dsw,.According to these simulation results, the inputpower becomes larger when
addition, the peak current value
magnetron becomes larger and larger in accordancewith the increase of duty factor Dbut the rate ofchange is suppressed, being low relatively. Even ifit makes control input power in the wide range, therate of change with the peak current variation ofmagnetron heater
able to small. Since the peakvalue variation of heater current
within a smallrange, the cathode temperature becomesapproximately constant.
Fig.4 Input Power and Operating Frequencyin PWM Control
Fig.5 Peak Value of Magnetron Heater Currentin PWM ControlIV.
Magnetron v-i characteristic curve of themagnetron has an extremely stiff non-linearcharacteristic with a piece wise linear resistance, asshown in Fig.6. Figure
shows simulationwaveforms in the input side
this quasi-resonantPWM inverter-fed DC-DC converter system shownin Fig.l.
shown in Fig.7 (c), it
divided into amagnetron oscillating area, which is around the peakvalue in a period of the utility voltage power, andmagnetron non-oscillating area which is out of thepeak value of utility voltage.Whether magnetronoscillation
Characteristic Curve of Magnetron