t the time of writing, the first edition of
Geographic Information Systems and Science
(GIS&S) has soldwell over 25 000 copies - the most, it seems, of anyG1S textbook. Its novel structure, content, and 'look andfeel' expanded the very idea of what a GIS
whatit involves, and its pervasive importance. In so doing,the book introduced thousands of readers to the field inwhich we have spent much of our working lifetimes.Being human, we take pleasure in that achievement - butit is not enough. Convinced as we are of the benefitsof thinking and acting geographically, we are determinedto enthuse and involve many more people. This and thehigh rate of change in GIS&S (Geographic InformationSystems
Science) demands a new edition that benefitsfrom the feedback we have received on the first one.Setting aside the (important) updates, the majorchanges reflect our changing world. The use of GISwas pioneered in the USA, Canada, various countries inEurope, and Australia. But it is expanding rapidly - andin innovative ways - in South East Asia, Latin Americaand Eastern Europe, for example. We have recognized thisby broadening our geography of examples. The world of 2005 is not the same as that prior to 11 September 2001.Almost all countries are now engaged in seeking to protecttheir citizens against the threat of terrorism. Whilst we donot seek to exaggerate the contribution of GIS, there aremany ways in which these systems and our geographicknowledge can help in this, the first duty of a nationalgovernment. Finally, the sheen has come off muchinformation technology and information systems: theyhave become consumer goods, ubiquitous in the marketplace. Increasingly they are recognized as a necessaryunderpinning of government and commerce - but onewhere real advantage is conferred by their ease of useand low price, rather than the introduction of exotic newfunctions. As we demonstrate in this book, GIS&S wasnever simply hardware and software. It has also alwaysbeen about people and, in preparing this second edition,we have taken the decision to present an entirely newset of current GIS protagonists. This has inevitably meantthat all boxes from the first edition pertaining to livingindividuals have been removed in order to create space:we hope that the individuals concerned will understand,and we congratulate them on their longevity! Thissecond edition, then, remains about hardware, software,people - and also about geographic information, somereal science, a clutch of partnerships, and much judgment.Yet we recognize the progressive 'consumerization' of ourbasic tool set and welcome it, for it means more can bedone for greater numbers of beneficiaries for less money.Our new book reflects the continuing shift from tools tounderstanding and coping with the fact that, in the realworld, 'everything is connected to everything else'!We asked loe Lobley, an individual unfamiliar withpolitical correctness and with a healthy scepticism aboutthe utterances of GIS gurus, to write the foreword for thefirst edition. To our delight, he is now cited in variousacademic papers and reviews as a stimulating, fresh, andlateral thinker. Sadly, at the time of going to press, Joehad not responded to our invitation to repeat his feat.He was last heard of on location as a GIS consultant inAfghanistan. So this Foreword is somewhat less explosivethan last time. We hope the book is no less valuable.
Paul A. LongleyMichael F. GoodchildDavid J. MaguireDavid W. RhindOctober 2004ix