Welcome to Scribd. Sign in or start your free trial to enjoy unlimited e-books, audiobooks & documents.Find out more
Download
Standard view
Full view
of .
Look up keyword
Like this
8Activity
0 of .
Results for:
No results containing your search query
P. 1
dc dc

dc dc

Ratings:

4.0

(1)
|Views: 652|Likes:
Published by Crezpo65

More info:

Published by: Crezpo65 on Jan 24, 2009
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

Availability:

Read on Scribd mobile: iPhone, iPad and Android.
download as DOC, PDF, TXT or read online from Scribd
See more
See less

10/02/2012

pdf

text

original

 
[an error occurred while processing this directive] [an error occurred while processingthis directive] [an error occurred while processing this directive]
DC-DC Converter Basics
ABSTRACT
 A DC-to-DC converter is a device that accepts a DC input voltage and produces aDC output voltage. Typically the output produced is at a different voltage level thanthe input. In addition, DC-to-DC converters are used to provide noise isolation, power bus regulation, etc. This is a summary of some of the popular DC-to-DC converter topolopgies:
 
1. BUCK CONVERTER STEP-DOWN CONVERTER 
In this circuit the transistor turning ON will put voltage Vin on one end of theinductor. This voltage will tend to cause the inductor current to rise. When thetransistor is OFF, the current will continue flowing through the inductor but nowflowing through the diode. We initially assume that the current through the inductordoes not reach zero, thus the voltage at Vx will now be only the voltage across theconducting diode during the full OFF time. The average voltage at Vx will depend onthe average ON time of the transistor provided the inductor current is continuous.Fig. 1: Buck ConverterFig. 2: Voltage and current changes
 
To analyse the voltages of this circuit let us consider the changes in the inductorcurrent over one cycle. From the relationthe change of current satisfiesFor steady state operation the current at the start and end of a period T will notchange. To get a simple relation between voltages we assume no voltage dropacross transistor or diode while ON and a perfect switch change. Thus during theON time V
x
=V
in
and in the OFF V
x
=0. Thuswhich simplifies toorand defining "duty ratio" asthe voltage relationship becomes Vo=D Vin Since the circuit is lossless and theinput and output powers must match on the average V
o
* I
o
= V
in
* I
in
. Thus theaverage input and output current must satisfy I
in
=D I
o
These relations are based onthe assumption that the inductor current does not reach zero.
1.1 Transition between continuous and discontinuous
When the current in the inductor L remains always positive then either thetransistor T1 or the diode D1 must be conducting. For continuous conduction thevoltage V
x
is either V
in
or 0. If the inductor current ever goes to zero then theoutput voltage will not be forced to either of these conditions. At this transitionpoint the current just reaches zero as seen in Figure 3. During the ON time V
in
-V
out
is across the inductor thus
(1)
 
The average current which must match the output current satisfies
(2)
Fig. 3: Buck Converter at BoundaryIf the input voltage is constant the output current at the transition point satisfies
(3)
1.2 Voltage Ratio of Buck Converter (Discontinuous Mode)
As for the continuous conduction analysis we use the fact that the integral of voltage across the inductor is zero over a cycle of switching T. The transistor OFFtime is now divided into segments of diode conduction d
d
T and zero conduction d
o
T.The inductor average voltage thus gives
(V 
in
- V 
o
) DT + (-V 
o
 )
δ 
T = 0
(4)

Activity (8)

You've already reviewed this. Edit your review.
1 hundred reads
1 thousand reads
Mrudula Mrudu liked this
Pasha Ajay liked this
Ilija Sisoski liked this
Ilija Sisoski liked this
netaji.patra liked this

You're Reading a Free Preview

Download
scribd
/*********** DO NOT ALTER ANYTHING BELOW THIS LINE ! ************/ var s_code=s.t();if(s_code)document.write(s_code)//-->