Heat Capacity was named by Joseph Black back in the 1750’s because bodies were capable of
holding a certain amount of fluid. Density, or at least density volume by displacement, was discoveredand by a man named Archimedes who was given a crown by the kind of Syracuse and needed to knowhow dense it was. Archimedes was in his bathtub one day and noticed that the water rose when heentered the tub. Archimedes decided to try this same method with the crown and sure enough, itworked and has to this very day.
Determining an element’s specific heat capacity can them lead us to identify what element we
are working with. The object of this experiment is to determine what unidentified object we areworking with. We were given a table of elements and their specific heat capacity and we are todetermine which element we have based on the table. There are a few equations that are essential tothis process.In order to determine density, we must use this equation:
, where D=Density, m=mass, and v=volumeIn this particular experiment, we are trying to determine the specific heat of an object, in thiscase, copper and brass. In order to do this, we need to use the heat capacity formula that follows:
Q m T
, where Q=amount of heat in joules, m=mass,C=specific heat capacity, and T=change in temperature.
MATERIALS AND METHODSApparatus.
We used a Calorimeter for the first time. A calorimeter is used to measure the heatchange in the element after it was in boiling water. A thermometer is stuck through the top hole tomeasure and the calorimeter should be covered or have a lid.
We used a brick-like sample of both copper and brass that was provided by theinstructor. We also used water, in this experiment.
The Bunsen burner was very hot. We used hot pads when needed forthe hot beakers. There was also boiling water that we needed to be careful not to spill or touch. Whenremoving the samples from the boiling water, we used the crucible tongs so we would not be burned.
We began the experiment by taking the mass of both the brass and coppersamples first with a ruler and used the formula for volume, and then volume by displacement in agraduated cylinder. We started with boiling water over the Bunsen burner in a beaker and placed thesample in the boiling water for about 7 minutes. We then took out the sample and placed it into thecalorimeter to find the temperature. We did this with both the brass and the copper samples.