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NEMA Selective Coordination

NEMA Selective Coordination

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Published by: surag1982 on Nov 14, 2012
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A NEMA Low-Voltage Distribution Equipment Section Document ABP 1-2010 
Selective Coordination
Published by 
 
National Electrical Manufacturers Association
 1300 North 17th Street, Suite 1752Rosslyn, Virginia 22209www.nema.org  © Copyright 2010 by the National Electrical Manufacturers Association. All rights including translation into otherlanguages, reserved under the Universal Copyright Convention, the Berne Convention for the Protection ofLiterary and Artistic Works, and the International and Pan American Copyright Conventions.
 
 
NOTICE AND DISCLAIMER
The information in this publication was considered technically sound by the consensus of persons engaged inthe development and approval of the document at the time it was developed. Consensus does not necessarilymean that there is unanimous agreement among every person participating in the development of thisdocument.NEMA standards and guideline publications, of which the document contained herein is one, are developedthrough a voluntary consensus standards development process. This process brings together volunteers and/orseeks out the views of persons who have an interest in the topic covered by this publication. While NEMAadministers the process and establishes rules to promote fairness in the development of consensus, it does notwrite the document and it does not independently test, evaluate, or verify the accuracy or completeness of anyinformation or the soundness of any judgments contained in its standards and guideline publications. NEMAdisclaims liability for any personal injury, property, or other damages of any nature whatsoever, whether special,indirect, consequential, or compensatory, directly or indirectly resulting from the publication, use of, application,or reliance on this document.NEMA disclaims and makes no guaranty or warranty, express or implied, as to the accuracy or completeness ofany information published herein, and disclaims and makes no warranty that the information in this documentwill fulfill any of your particular purposes or needs. NEMA does not undertake to guarantee the performance ofany individual manufacturer or seller’s products or services by virtue of this standard or guide.In publishing and making this document available, NEMA is not undertaking to render professional or otherservices for or on behalf of any person or entity, nor is NEMA undertaking to perform any duty owed by anyperson or entity to someone else. Anyone using this document should rely on his or her own independent judgment or, as appropriate, seek the advice of a competent professional in determining the exercise ofreasonable care in any given circumstances. Information and other standards on the topic covered by thispublication may be available from other sources, which the user may wish to consult for additional views orinformation not covered by this publication.NEMA has no power, nor does it undertake to police or enforce compliance with the contents of this document.NEMA does not certify, test, or inspect products, designs, or installations for safety or health purposes. Anycertification or other statement of compliance with any health or safety-related information in this document shallnot be attributable to NEMA and is solely the responsibility of the certifier or maker of the statement.
 
ABP 1-2010
CONTENTS
(
) [1] Selective Coordination Requirements......................................................................82.1 Requirements........................................................................................................................................................82.2 Challenges Meeting the Requirements................................................................................................................102.2.1 Local Jurisdiction Interpretation and Enforcement.....................................................................................102.2.2 Overriding Requirements...........................................................................................................................103 Circuit Breaker Trip Response Functions......................................................................................................................113.1 Fixed Thermal-Magnetic Type Circuit Breaker.....................................................................................................123.2 Adjustable Thermal-Magnetic Type Circuit Breaker.............................................................................................143.3 Adjustable Electronic Type Circuit Breaker..........................................................................................................153.4 Short Time Withstand Current Rating..................................................................................................................153.5 Instantaneous Override Function.........................................................................................................................184 Application Information from Manufacturers..................................................................................................................194.1 Application of Time-Current Curves.....................................................................................................................194.1.1 Overload Region........................................................................................................................................194.2 Limitation of Time-Current Curves.......................................................................................................................204.2.1 Overload Region........................................................................................................................................204.2.2 Instantaneous or Short Circuit Region........................................................................................................204.3 Short Circuit Selective Coordination Tables.........................................................................................................234.4 Coordinating Ground-Fault Protection of Equipment...........................................................................................245 Design Guidelines.........................................................................................................................................................295.1 Simplify the One-line Diagram.............................................................................................................................335.1.1 Divide Larger Loads into Smaller Loads.....................................................................................................335.1.2 Reduce the Number of Levels of Protective Devices.................................................................................335.2 Reduce the Available Fault Current.....................................................................................................................345.2.1 Increase the Impedance of the System......................................................................................................345.2.2 Utilize Step-Down or Isolation Transformers..............................................................................................345.2.3 Take Advantage of the Added Arc Impedance of Load Side and Line Circuit Breaker Combinations........385.3 Review Device Selection.....................................................................................................................................395.3.1 Increase the Withstand Capabilities of the Upstream Line Side Overcurrent Protective Devices..............395.3.2 Change the Type of Circuit Breaker...........................................................................................................395.3.3 Select Current Limiting Type Molded Case Circuit Breaker.......................................................................395.4 Special Equipment Application Requirements.....................................................................................................395.4.1 Generator Protection..................................................................................................................................395.4.2 Automatic Transfer Switches......................................................................................................................395.4.3 Busway.......................................................................................................................................................405.4.4 Arc Flash Energy........................................................................................................................................415.4.5 Zone Selective Interlocking........................................................................................................................415.5 Field Adjustment..................................................................................................................................................455.6 Lifetime Selective Coordination...........................................................................................................................456 Summary.......................................................................................................................................................................46
 © Copyright 2010 by the National Electrical Manufacturers Association. 3

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