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Types of Roofing

Types of Roofing

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Categories:Types, Research
Published by: Farrah Ruiz Pahimalan on Nov 14, 2012
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08/15/2013

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 Gable Roofing - This type of roofing is the most common ceiling style that you see in mosthouses. This has 2 upward slopes meeting at the ridge, the typical proportioned trianglestyle of roofing. The good thing about gable roofing is that it easily ran off water.
 
Flat Form - This type of roofing does not have much of a slope. Although some has a slightslope, most are totally horizontal. This type of roofing is layered in trays with joints. Thistype of roofing is common for some modern westernized designs of homes.Hipped Form - Hipped forms have a trapezoidal side. With four faces, it often have slantedsides and the gutter is fitted all around. Constructing this type of roofing is kind of complexcompare to gable and flat forms. But the good side about this is that it evenly distributesthe load of the roof to each walls. This type of roofing is all very common in some modernhouse in the Philippines as these are proven solid, comfortable and more classy.
Architectural Roof Types
 
Some houses have large, prominent roofs; some have virtually no roofline at all. The roofline of your home will influence your selection of roofing materials.There are three basic roof forms: gable, hipped, and shed. More-specialized roof types, such asmansard, gambrel, and flat, are variations of the basic three. Each type displays a different amountof roofing material and exerts a major influence on the appearance of a house.Each roof has a certain pitch
 –
the degree of slope in the roof. Pitch is expressed as an equation thatdescribes how many inches the roof rises vertically for every 12 inches of horizontal measurement. A 6-in-12 roof pitch means the roof rises 6 inches for every 12 inches of horizontal span. A 12-in-12roof rises 12 inches for every horizontal foot. If you draw a 12-in-
12 roofline on paper, you’ll see the
roof is at a 45-degree angle
 –
a very steep roof indeed.Pitch affects the appearance of a home and helps determine the types of roofing materials that maybe used. In general, the flatter the pitch, the more specialized the roofing materials must be. Mostcommon roofing materials are not recommended for roofs with a pitch of less than 3-in-12, becausewater does not fall off quickly and the possibility exists that wind will force rain or melted snow upunder the bottoms of the shingles. Nearly flat and completely horizontal rooftops (such as those onmansards) are best protected by a continuous, seamless membrane.
 
Detail Engineering Design Structure Type Roof Architecture
Standard procedure before build roof structure must be defined and planning on Detail Engineering Design (DED)what roof type that will be chosen to cover top of the house. There is so many roof type and roof architecture whichcan be use todesign house roof. Roof architecture, roof shapes, and roof tile or slates type that used for roof design has greatest influence on the appearance and effect of the house or building as a whole. Basically roof typewas grouped as:
Hip Roof
: A type of roof structure containing sloping planes of the same pitch on each of four sides without gables.
Gable Roof
: Roof type structure containing sloping planes of the same pitch on each side of the ridge, a gable roof typically contains a gable at each end.
Gable
: The upper portion of a sidewall that comes to a triangular point at the ridge of a sloping roof.
Dutch Gable
: Is a combination of a Hip roof with a small Gable at the top and a sloping roof below.
Gambrel roof
: roof type containing two sloping planes of different pitch on each side of the ridge. The lower planehas a steeper slope than the upper. A gambrel roof usually contains a gable at each end, just like a standard gableroof.

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