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Pioneer Review, November 15, 2012

Pioneer Review, November 15, 2012

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Includes Tax
A Publication of Ravellette Publications, Inc., Philip, South Dakota 57567. The Official Newspaper of Haakon County, South Dakota. Copyright 1981.
Number 12Volume 107November 15, 2012
Market Report
Winter Wheat, 12 Pro..........$8.30Any Pro.............................$7.30Milo.......................................$6.49Corn.......................................$6.64Millet...................................$30.00Sunflower Seeds................$21.50
Flag presenta-tion
Pearson 40years withScotchmans
PHS winsacademicchallenge
 
    
  
Haakon County saw a voterturnout of 80.52 percent for thegeneral election held Tuesday, No-vember 6. This was the secondhighest percentage in SouthDakota, beaten only by JonesCounty’s 82.93 percent.Officially, Haakon County has apopulation of 1,937 people. Of those, 1,376 are active, registeredvoters. In the general election,1,108 of those people cast ballots.Though the Barack Obama andJoe Biden presidential ticket wonthe national election, HaakonCounty voted for the Mitt Romneyand Paul Ryan ticket by a land-slide. In the local state’s attorneyrace, Gay Tollefson collected 550votes, compared to Ralph Kem-nitz’s 514. Fred Koester won thesheriff’s seat with 905 votes, com-pared to William Morrison’s 173.The majority of voters in SouthDakota decided to change the dis-tribution from the cement planttrust fund, overriding whatHaakon County voters wanted.Haakon County voters were partof the majority in all other deci-sions for candidates, amendments,initiated measures and referredlaws.Midland voters, by a three to onemargin, decided to renew thetown’s off-sale and on-sale licenses.The election cost Haakon Countya total of $4,854.76. This includesthe printing of ballots, program-ming the cards for the Automarkand M100 voting machines andwages for the election workers.There were 22 workers coveringthe six different precincts for the 12hours that the polls were open.Though the two precincts with vot-ing locations in the courthouse didnot require rent, the other four did.The Midland Fire Hall, Deep CreekChurch, Milesville Hall andPhilip’s Bad River Senior Citizen’sCenter each received $35 for rentfor the election.
General election results now official
The 73
Saloon’s annual wild game feed was held Friday, November 9, theevening before the opening of West River deer season. This year’s crowd was thelargest so far, “probably because people were hearing how good it was,” saidLouAnn Reckling, the main cook of the crew that annually provides the variousdishes. The smorgasbord fare included turkey, pheasant shish kebabs, elk casse-role, and other selections, though this year there was no turtle soup.
Annual wild game feed
by Nancy Haigh
The Haakon County commission-ers, at their November 8 meeting,lifted the burn ban implementedlast summer.The board urged residents to stilltake caution when burning as con-ditions are still extremely dry.Commissioner Rita O’Connellannounced that she will step downfrom the commission. She will bemoving out of her district. The com-mission requests that anyone whomay wish to fill the seat from Dis-trict 3 please call them.Director of Equalization ToniRhodes gave an update on growthfigures for the county. She also ex-plained how the city of Philip’s newtaxing ordinance affects thecounty’s growth figures. Basically,any structure built within the city’slimits can only be taxed on 20 per-cent of its value for the first year,working up to 100 percent at fiveyears time. Two new structures,one home and one business, are af-fected.Rhodes noted that Sage Informa-tion Services, Glen Ellen, Calif.,has responded back regarding thecommission’s decision to not pro-vide the company with the publicinformation from the equalizationoffice. The commission, andHaakon County residents, statedthat the company could come andcopy the material themselves if sodesired, but they did not feel thatRhodes needed to spend countytime copying and mailing the infor-mation.The company’s letter stated thataccording to law if a company re-quests the information via elec-tronic means, the county must sendit in that manner. The commissionrequested Rhodes speak withHaakon County State’s AttorneyGay Tollefson regarding the laws.The company is seeking all infor-mation about land in the countywhich includes, the property as-sessment, legal description, num-ber of acres, buildings and owner’sname.Kenny Neville, highway superin-tendent, discussed residing andnew windows for the trailer at theRobbs Flat location. Different sid-ing options were discussed andNeville will get quotes on some of them.Neville was given the go-aheadto advertise for an employee. Henoted that two men are planning toretire next year, one in May andone in September.Neville noted that his depart-ment is putting in new culverts andgraveling short stretches of roads. A supplemental hearing was ap-proved to add $18,000 to the jailfund and $5,000 to the mentally illfund.The board approved TreasurerPatti Rhode’s request to use 2012funds to purchase a computer forher office. The purchase was bud-geted for in the 2013 budget, butRhodes said she had enough fundsto purchase one this year, and thenpurchase another computer in 2013for the deputy treasurer. The com-mission approved the request.The board approved the October2, 2012 meeting minutes and thewarrants for the past month. Theyapproved for county employees tohave Friday, November 23 and De-cember 24 off as administrativeleave. Governor Dennis Daugaardhad approved these for state em-ployees and the county follows suit.The board tabled discussion andaction on the rescinding of Resolu-tion #2008-03. The resolution out-lined the county putting in ap-proaches and not driveways.Haakon County Auditor Pat Free-man stated that a state auditortold her it should be rescinded asthe county should not provide eventhe approaches.The board approved Virgil Smithand a weed board member to at-tend a meeting in Pierre, Novem-ber 8. By having two people attend,the county is eligible for grant dol-lars.The board approved a raffle re-quest by Mike Moses for a GemTheatre fundraiser. The approvalin contingent on Moses providingpapers regarding the theaters non-profit status.The commission also sat as thegeneral election canvass board.They went over the total votes ineach precinct and approved thecounts.The board entered into executivesession Thursday morning for ap-proximately 90 minutes to conductdeputy sheriff interviews. No ac-tion was taken following the ses-sion.The commission discussed thecounty’s revised personnel hand-book for three and one-half hourswith Marlene Knutson, director of the Central South Dakota En-hancement District. The board ap-proved the handbook which willtake effect January 2013.
Burn ban lifted for county; O’Connell resigns
Over 3,000 head single consignmentof yearlings sold Tuesday!
by Karlee BarnesMurdo Coyote
The Murdo Area Chamber of Commerce partnered with SouthCentral Resource Conservationand Development to sponsor a pub-lic meeting November 5 to discussinadequate housing in small com-munities.A panel of speakers from federal,state and local agencies with hous-ing programs presented informa-tion and insights on what com- mu-nities can do to overcome currenthousing issues. They also discussedways to encourage com- munity im-provement through programs suchas Paint South Dakota.The meeting was well attendedby business people, contractors andmembers of the community, as wellas residents from surrounding com-munities. Speakers included MarkLauseng –executive director forthe South Dakota Housing Devel-opment Authority, Roger Jacobs – field office director for Housing andUrban Development, Greg Hender-son –executive director for Plan-ning and Development District III,Marlene Knutson –executive direc-tor for Central South Dakota En-hancement District, Paula Corco-ran –loan specialist from RuralDevelopment, Bill Hanson –RuralHousing Collaborative, and JoyMcCracken NeighborWorksDakota Home Resources andDakota Land Trust.Lauseng presented housing pro-grams offered through the SouthDakota Housing Development Au-thority. He spoke about the First-Time Homebuyer Program, theCommunity Home ImprovementProgram (CHIP, the HOME Invest-ment Partnerships Program andthe Governor’s House Program, aswell as the possibility of a housingneeds study.These programs are all availableto applicants who meet certainqualifications set by each program. All of the programs are designed toprovide safe, affordable housing op-portunities to low-income or low-to-moderate income applicants.More information can be foundabout each program by calling 1-800-540-4241 or visiting the SouthDakota Housing Development Au-thority’s website, www.sdhda.org.Jacobs told about programs of-fered through HUD, which can befound at www.hud.gov, and he ad-dressed the Housing OpportunityFund.According to a fact sheet withdata compiled by the South DakotaHousing Development Authority, aHousing Opportunity Fund will bea new state fund with revenue ded-icated to enable South Dakota com-munities to create and preservehomes affordable to hardworkingfamilies, veterans, persons withdisabilities, seniors and others. Ja-
 Solving inadequate housing in communities
Members of the Philip community attended the housing meeting in Murdo.Photo by Karlee Barnes
continued on page
cobs said that South Dakota is oneof three states that currently hasno housing trust fund.The need for a Housing Oppor-tunity Fund was outlined with sup-porting facts. One in seven SouthDakotans fall below the povertyrate. Also, rents are more thanmany South Dakotans can afford. According to the fact sheet, the av-erage HUD fair market rent for atwo-bedroom apartment in SouthDakota is $556 per month.Other facts supporting the needfor the fund include rental housingmarkets are tight as evidenced bylow vacancy rates, demand forhousing exceeds assistance avail-able, there is a shortage in fundingto develop affordable housing,vouchers are underutilized, someSouth Dakotans are lacking decentand safe housing, South Dakotansare struggling to maintain a roof over their head.An in-depth review of these factscan be requested through theSouth Dakota Housing Develop-ment Authority.Henderson spoke of PrairielandHousing Development. PHD is anon-profit organization whosemain goal is to support the devel-opment of affordable housing in theregion. More information can befound at www.districtiii.org. Hen-derson gave insights includinglearn to manage expectations anddon’t over-reach housing. He cau-tioned developers to be aware of their market, and to get commit-
The Lazy 3 Livestock Ranch of Billings, Mont., brought over3,000 head of yearling steers and heifers to Philip this pastweek and sold Tuesday morning, November 13. The total headcount was 3,052, consisting of both steers and heifers with theaverage weight per head of 887 lbs. They brought a little over$1.40/lb. totaling $1,244 per head. This one consignment salegrossed over $3,798,000.Trucks started bringing in the cattle Friday before the Tues-day sale, with 45 trucks delivering cattle to the yards. PhilipLivestock Auction sold these yearlings along with other year-lings and calves during the regular sale that totaled over 7,500head.Read the complete report of representative sales for thisweek on the back page of The Pioneer Review.
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Ravellette Publications is happy to receive letters concernin comments on any newsstory or personal feelin on any subject. We do reserve the riht to edit any offensive ma-terial and also to edit to fill the allotted space. We also reserve the riht to reject any or allletters.Our deadline for insertion in the Thursday issue is the precedin Monday at 5:00 p.m.Letters intended for more than one Ravellette Publications newspaper should be mailedor hand delivered to each individual newspaper office. All letters
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The Pioneer Review • P.O. Box 788 • Philip, SD 57567-0788(605) 859-2516 • FAX: (605) 859-2410
Ravellette Publications, Inc.
Letters Policy 
Opinion / Community
Thursday, November 15, 2012 • The Pioneer Review •
Page 2
Philip, SD U.S.P.S. 433-780
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South Dakota residents are required to pay sales tax.
Periodicals postae paid at Philip, SD.Postmaster, send chane of address noticeto:
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website: www.pioneer-review.comEstablished in 1906.
The Pioneer Review, the official newspaper of Haakon County, the towns of Philip and Mid-land, and Haakon School District 27-1 is pub-lished weekly by Ravellette Publications, Inc.
Pioneer Review 
office is located at 221 E. OakStreet in Philip, South Dakota.
Phone: (605) 859-2516;FAX: (605) 859-2410;e-mail: ads@pioneer-review.comCopyrighted 1981:
Ravellette Publications,Inc. All rihts reserved. Nothin may bereprinted, photocopied, or in any way repro-duced from this publication, in whole or in part,without the written consent of the publisher.
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Thursday:Clear. High of 46F. Windsfrom the NW at 5 to 10 mph shift-ing to the NNE in the afternoon.Thursday Night:Partly cloudy. Fogovernight. Low of 23F with a windchill aslow as 16F. Winds from the SSE at 5 to 15mph.Friday: Partly cloudy. High of 55F.Breezy. Winds from theSouth at 10 to 20 mph.Friday Night:Partly cloudy.Fog overnight. Low of 27F.Winds from the SW at 5 to 10mph shifting to the NW after midnight.
Saturday: Clear. Highof 54F. Winds lessthan 5 mph.Saturday Night:Clear. Fog overnight.Low of 27F. Winds less than 5mph.Sunday:Clear. High of 52F.Winds from the SSE at 5 to10 mph.Sunday Night:Clear. Fogovernight. Low of 30F with awindchill as low as 21F. Winds from theSSW at 10 to 15 mph.
Get your complete &up-to-the minutelocal forecast:pioneer-review.com
Monday:Partly cloudy. Highof 57F. Winds from theSouth at 10 to 15 mph.Monday Night:Mostlycloudy. Fog overnight.Low of 30F. Winds less than5 mph.
 A thankful life
... by Del Bartels
In 1620, after four months at sea, the people on the Mayflowersighted land. Far north of the Virginia colony, they were forced byweather to harbor a harsh winter. The non-separatist passengers de-clared that since they were not at their contractual destination, theycould act as free agents. For self-preservation, the men drafted theMayflower Compact, which submitted the entire colony to majorityrule. When the new common house burned to the ground, the ship wasthe only shelter. Then a sickness hit. Of the original approximately 102Mayflower passengers, about half survived the first year. Come warmerweather, encounters with various Indian tribes resulted in a treaty of friendship. At summer's end, when the harvest was in, the two groupscombined the colonists’ English “harvest home” and the Indians’ har-vest time traditions. Though it is likely that this mutual time of thanks-giving was earlier in the season, it was the seed that grew to becomeour Thanksgiving celebrated in late November.“In everything give thanks” is a Biblical lesson that is sometimes farfrom easy. After tremendous hardship and loss, thankfulness is not atthe forefront of one’s thoughts. One definition of a compromise –a com-pact or treaty –is where neither side is completely happy. The pilgrimshad tremendous loss and they had to repeatedly hold off on their sepa-ratist ways. Still, they and the people they came into contact withpaused to give thanks.In 2012, America is still fighting an economy that is, at best, sluggish,with an almost eight percent unemployment rate. A current devastat-ing drought is rearing its ugly head at next year’s growing season. Localfood pantries are straining. The stock market is wobbling. Then, thereare other hardships felt on a more personal level. Some families mustdeal with breakups, financial downsizing, illnesses, or maybe even adeath in the family.Still, to give thanks is a lesson. The various colonial settlements, suchas founded by the pilgrims, learned to take, and to share, responsibilityin what we now call a democratic government. Separatism has its place,but working with others to improve society as a whole can be called an American trait. A hard life may be softened just a little bit by strugglingthrough it day by day with a thankful heart.As the traditional turkey is set on the table, the family around it canrelish that they are together. As people sit at a community table be-cause, come November 22, they will not be surrounded by family, thenthey can be grateful for friends and acquaintances. As families pray,with an empty chair at the table, they can be comforted that the chairwas filled for a while by a loved one. The traditional picture is of a hugefamily laughing around a table full of bounty that includes an overlyhuge stuffed turkey. The real picture is of family, and of friends, comingtogether to be thankful for each other.
Lookin’ Around
by Syd Iwan
Do you suffer from anatidaepho-bia? That is the fear that some-where, somehow, a duck is alwayswatching you. Actually this is morea made-up fear by humorist GaryLarson in his Far Side comics thatan actual one, but probably some-where, somehow, there is a personwho worries about being spied onby ducks.Rationally speaking, there isn’tall that much to be afraid of whenit comes to ducks. They seldom goon the attack, and how dangerouscan the awkward things be withflat feet and blunt bills? Now geeseare a different story. I’ve been bit-ten on the rear by a gander once ortwice, and that can hurt. In otherwords, keep an eye on geese butdon’t fuss that much about ducks.There are a lot of phobias outthere, however, that have beenclassified and are real “excessive,irrational, and persistent fears” asWebster’s dictionary puts it. One of the most common might be acro-phobia, which is the fear of heights. Luckily, I don’t have itand could happily climb to the topof the water tower to take aerialpictures of Myrt’s auction salesince she wanted it visuallyrecorded. I did learn that youshouldn’t look up and see cloudsfloating over since that gives youthe nasty feeling that the tower isfalling over backwards. Lookingdown is fine with me but not up.On the other hand, wife Corinneseldom climbs up over one or twosteps on a stepladder. Heightsdon’t do a thing for her. Even pic-tures of someone up high give herpause. Neither is it a good idea tohold hands with her while watch-ing a movie where someone is dan-gling in space or up too high. See-ing such things will make herhands sweat. On the ranch, I foundthat repairing windmills is not a job for a lot of guys. It makes themreally nervous to work on some-thing too far above ground level, if you can even get them to climb upthere in the first place.Claustrophobia is another com-mon problem which troubles thosewho dislike confined spaces. I havea bit of that. Actually, I’m okay ina small space if there is no one elsethere with me. Neither do I caremuch for crowds or even sitting ona couch with people on both sides.On the other hand, I certainlydon’t suffer from autophobia whichis nervousness caused by beingalone. I can exist for days or weeksby myself with no problem at all. If you live on a ranch in the middle of nowhere, this is fortunate. It’s toomany people that bother me andnot too few.Now there are quite a few thingsthat are a danger and need to bewatched. Snakes, prairie fires, spi-ders and bats come to mind. I don’tgo into a panic with any of those,but I don’t like them much. I amnot so afraid of snakes, though,that I can’t run and find a hoe orother implement to remove theirheads. Nevertheless, I don’t runthrough tall grass or pick up a logwithout kicking it first. This habitcame in very handy indeed one daywhen I went to pick up a stumpthat was supporting the tongue of a hay rake. I kicked it over only tofind a rattlesnake below it. Thethought of putting my fingersunder there without lookingstrongly reinforced my habit of kicking or shifting first and pickingup second. The same applies tofeed sacks on the floor where spi-ders and other crawly things liketo hide.I do come down with a bit of ablutophobia in the winter whichhas to do with bathing or washing.The reason is acarophobia which isabout itching. If I bathe every day,I also itch every day. Washing upis fine, but daily showers are not.This is only a problem in coldweather and not warm. Neither doI suffer from ataxophobia which isfear of disorder or untidiness. AskCorinne if you don’t believe me.She has a bit of that condition buthas learned to put up with mymesses without too much distress.Finally we come to luposlipapho-bia which is the fear of being pur-sued by timber wolves around akitchen table while wearing sockson a newly waxed floor. As youmight guess, this is another hu-morist’s invention. Socks on anewly waxed floor are actuallykind of fun since you can take arun and slide across until yourmother tells you to quit. The tim-ber-wolf part not so much.Actually, I am basically savedfrom excessive fear by trusting inmy heavenly father. He looks afterme and keeps me out of trouble ashe promises to do and has done re-peatedly. He says not to worryabout anything but to pray abouteverything. I try to do that andhighly recommend it. Being afraidy cat isn’t much fun. I can livewithout it.Rush Funeral Home’s mainchapel is moving from 203 W. PineStreet to its new site at 165 EastHighway 14, in Philip. An openhouse will be held Sunday, Novem-ber 18, from 1:00 p.m. to 3:00 p.m.The new location was once thePark-Inn Cafe and gas station, be-fore it became a Kingdom Hall forthe Jehovah Witnesses. The newbuilding is 4,917 square feet, witha 36x36 garage. It is OccupationalSafety and Health Administrationcompliant; including the air ex-change unit in the embalmingroom set to exchange the air 14times per hour. The layout of theviewing room is for easier visitingof the attendees. Funeral serviceswill still be held in churches orother family chosen places.As part of the open house, therewill be on display a replica of thecoffin used to show President Abra-ham Lincoln during his lying instate. It is one of five replicas made10 years ago by the Batesville Cas-ket Company of Indiana. The coffinwas designed using the only knownsurviving 1865 photograph of thecoffin. The distinction between acoffin and a casket is that a coffinhas six sides (diamond shaped) anda casket has four sides.Four of the five coffin replicastravel the nation for display at fu-neral homes, and the fifth remainsas part of the permanent collectionat the Abraham Lincoln Presiden-tial Library and Museum inSpringfield, Ill.Lincoln’s coffin was the mostelaborate of that time. It was con-structed of solid walnut, lined withlead and completely covered in ex-pensive black cloth. It was six feet,six inches long and decorated withsterling silver handles and studsextending the entire length of itssides. Though it appears austerecompared to modern caskets, theoriginal was custom made for thepresident and featured a remov-able two-part top. The replica doesnot contain a lead lining.Historically, the coffin playedprominently in a plot by thieves tosteal the president’s body. In 1876,when a counterfeiting ring’s top en-graver was imprisoned, his gangdecided to break into the tomb andsteal the body, planning to hold itfor a ransom of $200,000 in goldand the freedom of the engraver.The plot was foiled when lawmenmade their move as the coffin wasbeing removed from the tomb.In 1900, Lincoln’s son, Robert,was afraid that more attempts tosteal the body would be made. A se-lect few viewed the body one lasttime, to ensure that previous at-tempts to steal the body had notbeen successful. Lincoln’s appear-ance had not changed much sincethat of his original burial in 1865.Lincoln was then permanentlyburied, with the coffin placed in acage 10 feet deep and encased in4,000 pounds of concrete.It is estimated that one millionpeople viewed Lincoln’s body fromthe time of his death until his bur-ial. The funeral was the largest inthe world, until President John F.Kennedy’s death in 1963.It could be said that Lincoln’sdeath triggered the beginning of the modern day funeral service. Hewas the first public figure to be em-balmed and put on view –for al-most three weeks. The embalmingtechnique used was primarily usedon soldiers who died during theCivil War and needed to be trans-ported home for burial. People atthe time thought embalming was abarbaric violation of the body, butLincoln’s funeral changed that per-ception. His public viewing intro-duced the population to the bene-fits of embalming. Mourners wereable to see the late president for 20days and embalming made it possi-ble.
Rush Funeral Home open house todisplay replica of Lincoln’s coffin
A variety of local vendors gathered in the K-gee’s building, Thursday, November8, from 4:00 p.m. to 8:00 p.m. to show their wares for the beginning of theThanksgiving and Christmas holiday season. Prize drawings and refreshmentswere available. The vendors included Arbonne, Do Terra, Dragonfly Framed Art,Miche Bags, Norwex, Pampered Chef, Princess House, Scentsy, Signature Home-styles, Thirty-One Gifts, Tupperware and Usborne Books.
Photo by Del Bartels
Holiday open house
Forty and Eight flag presentation
On Thursday, November 8, members of the Voyager #522Pierre and Philip Forty and Eight, an elite group derived frommembers of the American Legion, presented individual flagsto the students in Jayne Gottsleben’s first grade class inpreparation for Veterans Day. The Forty and Eight represen-tatives explained what Veterans Day is for. They demon-strated the proper procedure for folding a full-sized Americanflag, then the students repeatedly practiced folding the flag.Each first grade student in the school district received theirown smaller American flag. Shown, back row, from left: RonMillage, Phil Pearson and Marvin Denke. Third row: CohenReckling, Stratton Morehart, Adam Kanable, Colden Kramer,Tukker Boe, Ryker Peterson and Kash Slovek. Second row:Wakely Burns, Kade Fitzgerald, Rainee Snyder, Dymond Lurz,Brit Morrison and Jess Jones. Front: Tara Schofield, LaneKuchenbecker, Leah Staben, Kiara Perkins and HanaCrowser. Not pictured: Sarah Huston.
Photos by Del Bartels
Dear Editor,About eight or nine months ago,some neanderthal shotgunnedsome rural mailboxes. Ours wasone of them.I had a good friend, the talentedand semi-honorable Donnie Ehlers,make us a new one. Steel. Lookedgood. Kind of stood out and markedthe corner. Made me reminisceabout back in the day of 11 MileCorner.Boyd told me tonight when hecame home that someone had flat-tened it. Laid it out. Whoever youare, when you get done draggingyour knuckles, you need to stop outfor a “Come to Jesus meeting.”Jeannie WaaraPhilip, S.D.
Letter to the Editor
2012 Ag Horizons Conference
It is time again for the 2012 AgHorizons Conference which is setto take place November 27 and 28in Pierre. The Ag Horizons Confer-ence will focus this year on“Weathering Change” in agricul-ture.Ag Horizons is an annual eventwhich is hosted by South DakotaWheat Inc., The SD Pulse Grow-ers, The SD Oilseeds Council, TheSD No-Till Association, The SDCrop Improvement Associationand The SD Seed Trade Associa-tion. The broad range of involve-ment by different producer andcommodity groups makes the con-ference appealing to producers andindustry members alike. Confer-ence highlights will include pre-sentations covering future trendsfor wheat breeding, market strate-gies, weather outlook, as well ascover a range of crop production is-sues. Certified crop advisor creditswill be available.In addition, a number of theabove mentioned groups hold an-nual meetings at the Ag HorizonsConference. The SD Wheat Inc.,the SD Seed Trade and the SDPulse Growers, Inc will each holdannual business meetings onTuesday, November 27, at 4 p.m. A conference agenda will soon beavailable at www.iGrow.org.The conference is being held atthe Ramkota River ConventionCenter in Pierre, which is locatedat 920 West Sioux Ave. Check-in isset to start at 8 a.m. on November27 with the program beginning at9 a.m. Registration is available atiGrow.org: http://igrow.org/cata-log/onlineregistration/.
Soil Health Information Day
The 2012 Soil Health Informa-tion Day features some of the areaand nation’s favorite “no-till”speakers. The event will be held onTuesday, December 11, at theDavison County Fairgrounds Com-plex, 3200 West Havens Street,Mitchell. The day starts with na-tionally recognized soil expert Ray Archuleta, NRCS conservationagronomist, Greensboro, N.C.Ray’s topic is “Healthy Soils MakeHealthy Profits.”Attendees will also hear presen-tations covering the “Biology of Soil Compaction,” “Residue, SoilStructure and Cover Crops,” and“Catch and Release Nutrients.”Registration includes a noonmeal. Contact your Regional Ex-tension Center, http://igrow.org/about/our-experts/ for the meetingbrochure and registration form.Certified crop advisor creditswill be available. For more infor-mation e-mail: ruth.beck@sd-state.edu or jason.miller@sd.usda.gov or call (605) 773-8122. Thiscontact information is also avail-able at http://www.sdnotill.com/.For information on soil healthonline, visit the “Soil Health Infor-mation Center”: http://www.nrcs.usda.gov/wps/portal/nrcs/main/na-tional/soils/health.
11/27-28: Ag Horizons Confer-ence, Pierre12/11: Soil Health Info Day-Davison County Extension Com-plex, Mitchell
E xtensionNews
by Bob FanningField Specialist, WinnerRegional Extension Center
Rural Living
Thursday, November 15, 2012 • The Pioneer Review •
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Most beef producers understandthat when the weather gets coldertheir cows need more energy tomaintain their body condition.So, when do cows start experi-encing cold stress and then howmuch more energy do they need?South Dakota State University Ex-tension Cow/calf Field SpecialistWarren Rusche said there are afew things to consider when itcomes to cold stress.“We need to factor in both the ac-tual temperature and the windspeed to determine the effectivetemperature,” Rusche said, refer-encing Table 1. “You can see windspeed can dramatically lower theeffective temperature the cattle ex-perience. Any kind of available pro-tection, whether natural or manmade, can be very valuable in re-ducing the amount of wind chill”
Table 1 Wind chill temperature
Wind, air temperature0 mph-100 10 20 305 mph-16-6 3 13 2310 mph-21-11 -1 8 120 mph-30-20 -10 0 930 mph-46-36 -27 -16 -6Rusche said the second consider-ation is, just exactly when does acow begin to feel cold stress?“The point of cold stress, or lowercritical temperature, depends inlarge part on the amount of insula-tion provided by the hair coat,” hesaid, referencing Table 2. “Insula-tion value changes depending onthe thickness of the haircoat andwhether it is dry or wet.”
Table 2Lower critical temperatures
Coat conditionCritical tempsWet or summer coat59Dry, Fall coat45Dry, winter coat32Dry, heavy winter coat18As a general rule, Rusche said,for every degree that the effectivetemperature is below the lowercritical temperature, the cow’s en-ergy needs increase by one percent.“For instance if the effective tem-perature is 17 degrees, the energyneeds of a cow with a dry wintercoat are about 15 percent higherthan they would be under moremoderate conditions. That energyrequirement jumps up to about 40percent higher under those condi-tions if the hair coat is completelywet or matted down with mud,” hesaid.One of the ways, Rusche said,the cow responds to cold stress isby increasing voluntary feed in-take. “The animal’s entire metabo-lism system increases in activity. Also, the passage rate of roughagesthrough the rumen and digestivetract increases. These changes trig-ger an increase in the cow’s ap-petite and voluntary intake,” hesaid.Some observed changes in intakebased on temperature are shown inthe Table 3.
Table 3Daily dry matter intakeof beef cows basedon temperatures
DegreesIntake ratio<51165-2210722-4110541-5910359-7710277-9590>9565Some management considera-tions cattle producers need to keepin mind regarding changes in feedintake in response to cold stressand the cow’s need for more energyinclude;Make sure that water is avail-able. If water availability is re-stricted, feed intake will be re-duced. If the feed availability islimited either by snow cover or ac-cess to hay feeders, the cattle maynot have the opportunity to eat asmuch as their appetite would dic-tate. Be careful providing largeramounts of high concentrate feeds.Rapid diet changes could cause sig-nificant digestive upsets.“It’s important to remember thatcattle can adapt to short termweather changes relatively wellwithout a significant impact onperformance. A cow can deal witha few cold, miserable days withoutsuffering long-term effects,”Rusche said. “However, ignoringthe energy costs of long-term coldstress greatly increases the risk of problems down the road duringcalving and subsequent rebreedingperformance.”He added that any steps that wecan take to lower the cold stress thecows have to contend with, such asproviding wind and weather pro-tection, help reduce her mainte-nance requirements.
Cold stress affects cows
Brent Peters
Tire Tanks
Located inKadoka, SD
Home: (605) 837-2945Cell: (605) 381-5568
Excavation work of 
For only the second time in 2012,the statewide monthly averagetemperature was cooler than aver-age in October. Statewide, nearlyall locations were also drier thanaverage, according to latest reportsfrom the National Weather Serviceobservers and the High Plains Re-gional Climate Center in Lincoln,Neb.“There was very little drought re-lief to speak of,” said Laura Ed-wards, South Dakota State Univer-sity Extension climate field special-ist. “Harvest of corn, soybeans andsunflowers is pretty much com-plete, which is a positive impactfrom drought, but winter wheat iscontinuing to struggle with thelack of moisture.”Only two climate observing loca-tions were warmer than average inOctober, Hot Springs and Ardmore,both in Fall River County. Else-where, the mercury fell as much asfive degrees below average. Wess-ington Springs, Forestburg andFlandreau were among those thatreported the largest differencesfrom average.A three-county area in the north-east was wetter than average, butthat is an anomaly from the rest of South Dakota. “There was a bigrain event around October 20 and21 that brought over three inchesof rain to the Webster and Waubayarea,” said Edwards. “That is thesecond time this year where DayCounty received much more rain-fall than the surrounding area. Theother occurrence was in July, dur-ing the peak of the summerdrought.”One positive note going forwardis the updated climate outlook forNovember. The latest map, re-leased November 1, puts northernSouth Dakota in an area of higherchances of wetter than averageconditions.“There have been a lot of fluctu-ations this fall in the outlook maps,but a wetter pattern may be set-tling in, at least for the next coupleof weeks,” said Edwards.The remaining two-thirds of thestate is forecast to have equalchances of below average, above av-erage and near average precipita-tion.Temperature projections for thenext month appear to continue thewarm trend that we have seen formost of the year. All of the state isprojected to have higher chances of warmer than average tempera-tures in November.Edwards said there may be someshort term relief of drought condi-tions this month. She added thatshe is looking towards Novemberwith reserved optimism.“I'm ever the optimist, but eachpassing dry month is making itmore difficult to keep that opti-mism,” said Edwards.
Climate update: October inreview and a look forward
The South Dakota Departmentof Revenue, Division of Motor Ve-hicles, has awarded six new site lo-cations in South Dakota to placemotor vehicle registration self-ser-vice terminals (SST).The 24-hour SST is a fully auto-mated vehicle registration renewalstation and dispenses license platerenewal tags on the spot.“The real convenience is that ve-hicle owners from any county canuse the terminal with the properidentification,” said Division of Motor Vehicles Director DebHillmer. “We are excited for the op-portunity to install self-service ter-minals in other areas of SouthDakota. The terminals already op-erating have been well received. Ibelieve the additional locations willexperience the same success.”The six new site locations are theRushmore Mall in Rapid City,Kessler’s in Aberdeen, County FairFood Store in Mitchell, and at theHy-Vee Food Stores in Watertown,Brookings and Yankton. The ma-chines are expected to be installedand operational in early 2013.There are four self-service termi-nals currently operating in SouthDakota. The SSTs are available inSioux Falls at the Get-N-Go andthe Hy-Vee Food Store, in RapidCity at the Public Safety Building,and at the Department of Revenue,Pierre Office.A vehicle owner can navigatethrough the easy touch screen(voice assistance available) with avalid South Dakota driver’s license;South Dakota identification card;or if a company, the informationprovided on its renewal notice.Once the payment has been sub-mitted and the transaction is com-plete, the license renewal tags andvehicle registration are dispenseddirectly from the machine.The SST allows vehicle owners toregister up to 90 days prior and 30days after the expiration of theircurrent license tags. A two dollarconvenience fee per vehicle is as-sessed. Acceptable forms of pay-ment include electronic check,credit cards (MasterCard or Dis-cover only), or ATM/debit cardssupported by Pulse, Star, NYCEand Accel.
Motor vehicle registrationself-service terminal sites

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