in any Jewish writings until the sixteenth century. Silver concludes that rabbinic scholarssimply dismissed Philo’s work as not important enough or not relevant enough to beincluded in religious and philosophical dialogue within the rabbinic Jewish community.
In contrast to Philo, the work of Moses Maimonides is universally esteemed, and he iscredited with a number of achievements and advances in Jewish thought. Among themore widely celebrated achievements of Maimonides are his development of a creedconsisting of 13 articles of the Jewish faith (familiar in the liturgy of the present-daysynagogue as the hymn Yigdal), Maimonides’s use of negative theology, or the so-called“
,” his focus on allegorical interpretation of Scripture going beyond theliteral meaning of passages in the Torah, his reconciling of Aristotelian philosophy withJewish thought, and his influence on non-Jewish thinkers including the Christiantheologians Thomas Aquinas and Duns Scotus.Philo Judaeus produced a voluminous body of religious and philosophical writings thatclosely parallel those of the Rambam. In addition, Philo has the distinction of havingdocumented the first pogrom in recorded history, as well as the first mass nonviolent protest in history. Beyond that, as an actual player in the bare-knuckle world of Romanimperial politics, Philo led a death-defying diplomatic mission to a mentally unstabledictator to save the Temple in Jerusalem from desecration and the Alexandrian Jewishcommunity from destruction.
Creeds, Theology, and Philosophy