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Table Of Contents

FOREWORD
Terms of reference
Disclaimer
1. INTRODUCTION
2. THE DEFINITION OF THE PROBLEM
3. TRAFFIC AND VISUAL TASKS
4. DISTINCTION BETWEEN LONG AND SHORT TUNNELS
5. DEFINITIONS
5.1 Design speed
5.2 Reference point
6. DAYTIME LIGHTING FOR LONG TUNNELS
6.1 Lighting in the threshold zone
6.2 The perceived contrast method
a. The influence of the atmosphere and the windscreen
c. Minimum required perceived contrast
d. Calculation of threshold luminance
6.3 Example of tunnel design with the perceived contrast method
c. Lije matrix for Lseq evaluation
6.4 Use of daylight-screens
6.5 Length of the threshold zone
6.6 Luminance in the transition zone
6.7 Daytime luminance in the interior zone
6.8. Luminance in the exit zone
6.9 Parting zone lighting
6.10 Lighting of the walls and the ceiling in all zones
6.11 Uniformity of luminance
6.12 Daylight variation and lighting control
6.13 Glare restriction
6.14 Restriction of the flicker effect
7. NIGHT-TIME LIGHTING
8. EMERGENCY LIGHTING
9. MAINTENANCE
9.1 General
9.2 Lamp Lumen Depreciation (LLD)
9.3 Burnouts
9.4 Luminaire Dirt Depreciation (LDD)
9.5 Equipment Factors (EF)
9.5.1 Ambient temperature
9.5.2 Voltage
9.5.3 Control gear and Lamp Factor
9.5.4 Luminaire component depreciation
9.6 Maintenance of the control photometers
9.7 Tunnel surface reflectance depreciation
9.7.1 Selection of tunnel surface reflectance
9.8 Luminaire cleaning, relamping and replacement
9.9 Other factors
9.9.1 Pavement reflectance
9.9.2 Other reflection characteristics
A.1.1 Evaluation of the luminance in the threshold zone with the L20 method
A.2 STOPPING DISTANCE
A.3 EVALUATION OF LSEQ / CORRECT USE OF A CAMERA
Verification of distortions
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Cie 88

Cie 88

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Published by luisyanez1973

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Published by: luisyanez1973 on Nov 16, 2012
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