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A Brief History of Particle Physics

A Brief History of Particle Physics

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Published by: reismr on Nov 16, 2012
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12/22/2013

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PHY-653 EPPA Brief History of Particle PhysicsSlide 1of 13
A Brief History of Particle Physics
1930s1930s1930s1930sThe known 'Elementary Particles' were :
electron
proton
neutron(inside the nucleus)
'neutrino' (now anti-neutrino) in beta decay
photonthe quantum of the electromagnetic field1932193219321932The positive electron (positron) discovered by Carl Anderson
C.D. Anderson,
Physical Review 
43
, 491 (1933).
Carl Anderson
 
PHY-653 EPPA Brief History of Particle PhysicsSlide 2of 13
The Neutron
1932193219321932Neutrondiscovered by James Chadwick1933193319331933Fermi theoryof beta decay(weak interactions)n
p +
ŏ
+
Ė
EnricoFermiJames Chadwick
 
PHY-653 EPPA Brief History of Particle PhysicsSlide 3of 13
Pionsand Muons
1935193519351935Yukawa'smeson hypothesis –nuclear force dueto exchange of particles with mass (mesons).1937193719371937µlepton(muon) discovered by Carl Anderson and Seth Nedermeyer. Initially assumed to beYukawa'smeson but it was too penetrating.1946194619461946Charged
π
meson(pion) discovered by Cecil Powell. The previous
µproduced from
π
decays via
Ġ
 
 
ő
+
ē
.1950195019501950Neutral pion(
ģ
) discovered via
ģ
 
γ
+
γ
.
Hideki YukawaCecil Powell

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