Speaker Testing Process
My initial design called for a crossover between the tweeter and mid range at 2000 Hz, and a half crossover between the mid and low range at 570 Hz. When testing I began by testing thefrequencies of the drivers themselves, and then the response of the drivers and the system with a2.5 way crossover at 2000 Hz and 570 Hz. This initial test showed that I had some issues withfrequency summation at 4000 Hz with this particular crossover, and also a problematic bump atabout 15,000 Hz from the tweeter.Figure 1: Drivers Only (Red-Tweeter, Yellow-Mid, Green-Low)Figure 2: Frequency Response 2000, 570 Hz 2.5 Crossover (Black-Full System, Red-Tweeter, Yellow-Mid, Green-Low)In an effort to smooth out the bump around I moved the tweeter’s crossover point to 1000 Hz andthe mid crossover point to 1500 Hz. As Figure 3 shows, this smoothed the bump at 4000 Hzgreatly, but still left the problem of my tweeter’s bump around 15,000 Hz. To try and fix this Iadded a 3 dB high shelf filter to the tweeter above 7000 Hz. This resulted in a much smoother high end, as shown in Figure 4. Even though the highs have leveled out, they were still 3 to 4 dBabove the mid range, so I added a pad to the tweeter to try and level the highs with the midrange. As can be seen in Figure 5, adding a pad to my tweeter evened out my high end with mymids, but it also accentuated the bump at 1,500 Hz.