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Folio 2r

Folio 2r

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Published by lostlanguages

Milton Kim 2.3 Folio 2r: Dpesh, the name of plant Figure 1 Figure 2 FIG 7A shows the first three words of the line 1 of paragraph 1 and the first two words of the line 1 of paragraph 2. By inserting some spaces, the phrase from the paragraph 2 was aligned in a way where two identical part of words could be marked in red color. ‘dhwoixh’ is considered as ‘dhwoix+h’ where ‘h’ means ‘a root’ and it is interpreted as ‘the root of dhwoix.’ ‘~h hkgpe’ is interpreted as ‘a root, which (is, or does)

Milton Kim 2.3 Folio 2r: Dpesh, the name of plant Figure 1 Figure 2 FIG 7A shows the first three words of the line 1 of paragraph 1 and the first two words of the line 1 of paragraph 2. By inserting some spaces, the phrase from the paragraph 2 was aligned in a way where two identical part of words could be marked in red color. ‘dhwoixh’ is considered as ‘dhwoix+h’ where ‘h’ means ‘a root’ and it is interpreted as ‘the root of dhwoix.’ ‘~h hkgpe’ is interpreted as ‘a root, which (is, or does)

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Published by: lostlanguages on Nov 18, 2012
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09/17/2013

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Milton Kim
2.3 Folio 2r: 
Dpesh
, the name of plant 
Figure 1Figure 2
FIG 7A shows the first three words of the line 1 of paragraph 1 and the first two words of the line1 of paragraph 2. By inserting some spaces, the phrase from the paragraph 2 was aligned in a waywhere two identical part of words could be marked in red color. ‘
dhwoixh
’ is considered as
dhwoix+h
’ where ‘
h
’ means ‘
a root 
’ and it is interpreted as ‘
the root of 
dhwoix 
.’ ‘~
h
 
hkgpe
’ isPage - 1
 
Milton Kiminterpreted as ‘
a root, which (is, or does) ~
.’ From earlier sections, ‘
k
’, ‘
gp
’, and ‘
e
’ areinterpreted as ‘
the flower head of a plant 
’, ‘
the end of stem is attached to, or rise from ~
’, and ‘
abulky or wide flatbed root or base
’, respectively. Collectively, the meaning of ‘
kgpe
’ can bededuced as ‘
the flower head risen from a wide flatbed root 
.’
woux
’ where ‘
w
’ means ‘
two
’ and
ux
’ is considered as the triple of ‘
x
’ indicates a flower top consisted of top and base at the end of three stems or branches. When ‘
dhwoix
’ is regarded as ‘
dh
’, ‘
wo
’, and ‘
ix
,’ they indicate ‘
the baseof a stem without a flower head 
’, ‘
a flower head 
’, and ‘
two stems or branches
,’ respectively. So,
dhwoix
’ is the word which describes the portion marked in the blue color as illustrated in FIG 6and it can be interpreted as ‘
the base where two stems with and without a flower head meet 
.’Based on its interpretation, ‘
dhwoix
’ will hardly be regarded as the name of a plant. Finally,
dhwoixh hkgpe woux
’ can be interpreted as ‘
there is a root where two stems with and without a flower head meet and three flower heads rise from a wide flatbed root 
.’ Since ‘
l
’ is interpreted as
to grow or rise
,’ ‘
dhwoix loux
’ can be interpreted as ‘
the stem without a flower head grows intothe stem with (three) flower heads
.’Before moving on to the next five words of the line 1 of paragraph 1, the meaning of two moreletters, ‘
 s
’ and ‘
 a
’, needs to be determined. The first two words of the line 2 of paragraph 1 can beused to achieve that goal. With ‘
 s lpa
,’ if ‘
l
’ can be interpreted as ‘
to grow into
,’
 s lpa
indicates that ‘
pa
’ turns into ‘
 s
.’ From earlier sections, ‘
p
’ was interpreted as ‘
the (round) end of astem
.’ Then, ‘
pa
’ is interpreted as ‘
the stem end of 
.’ Having examined the illustration of the planton Folio 2r, it suggests that the leaf marked in the blue circle becomes a flower head marked inthe red circle. Therefore, ‘
 s
’ and ‘
 a
’ are interpreted as ‘
a flower head, or a leaf which can beturned into a flower head 
’ and ‘
a leaf 
.’ When ‘
lpa
’ is regarded as ‘
lp
’ and ‘
 a
,’ ‘
lp
’ and ‘
p
’ canbe interpreted as ‘
to break (from its current state) and grow into (another state)
’ and ‘
to break 
.’Finally, ‘
 s lpa
’ is interpreted as ‘
the leaf turns into a flower head 
.’Now, back to the line 1 of paragraph 1. ‘
pjgoe
’ is regarded as ‘
pj
’, ‘
g
’, ‘
o
’, and ‘
e
.’ They areinterpreted as ‘
the bottom end of a plant 
’, ‘
to connect, to flow
’, ‘
a part 
’, ‘
a bulky or wide flatbed root or base
.’ Collectively, ‘
pjgoe
’ can be interpreted as ‘
the bottom end of plant is connected tothe part of wide flatbed root 
.’ ‘
pjgoe hkgoux
’ is regarded as a paraphrase of ‘
hkgpe woux
.’
hkgoux
’ can be divided into ‘
h
’, ‘
k
’, ‘
g
’, and ‘
oux
.’ ‘
ux
’ indicates the stems forked three waysto flower heads and ‘
oux
’ is interpreted as ‘
the set of three forked stems
.’ When ‘
kg
’ is combinedwith ‘
oux
,’ it is interpreted as ‘
the flower head is connected to the set of three forked stems
.’When ‘
h
’ is combined with ‘
kgoux
,’ it is interpreted as ‘the root of the flower head which isconnected to the set of three forked stems,’ or ‘
the root provide a flow of something to the flower head through three forked stems
.’It seems that ‘
Dpesh
’ is consisted of letters which describe the overall characteristics of the plant.In other words, it contains the grown leaves(
D
), the root with a wide flatbed(
pe
and
h
), and theleaf which can be grown into a flower head(
 s
). So, ‘
Dpesh
’ is considered to be the name of planton Folio 2r.
wpagpah
’ is regarded as ‘
wpa
’ and ‘
gpah
.’
gdoa
’ is regarded as a paraphrase of ‘
gpah
.’ ‘
wpa
indicates two stems on the left side of plant which eventually run up to the flower head. ‘
doa
isconsidered as ‘
d
’ and ‘
oa
’ and it is interpreted as ‘
the stem of a set of leaves
’ on the right side of plant. Therefore, ‘
wpagpah gdoa
’ can be interpreted as ‘
the two stems on the left side of plant isconnected to the bottom end of the stem of a set of leaves on the right side of plant at the root 
.’As illustrated in FIG 7, the skeleton letter picked out for the line 2 of paragraph 1 is ‘
J
.’ Based onthe design of Voynich letters, it is assumed that there are certain relationships between someletters. For example, ‘
J
’ is assumed to be given by combining ‘
q
’ with ‘
D
.’ In other words,
J
 
Æ
 
q
 +
D
. Same analogy can be applied to ‘
j
’ so that
j
 
Æ
 
q
+
d
. When ‘
j
’ and ‘
d
’ are interpreted as ‘
thewhole part of plant above its bulky root 
’ and ‘
a stem
’ from earlier sections, it suggests that ‘
q
’ canbe interpreted as ‘
something fallen from the top of a plant 
.’ ‘
Jh
’ is regarded as ‘
J
’ and ‘
h
.’ Since
J
’ and ‘
h
’ are interpreted as ‘
the upper body of a plant attached to its base on a root 
’ and ‘
a root 
,’
Jh
’ can be interpreted as ‘
a fully grown plant on a root 
.’ ‘
p
’ of ‘
Jp
’ indicates ‘
the (round) end of 
Page - 2
 
Milton Kim
a stem, to break (from current state)
.’ Since the next word to ‘
Jp
’ starts with ‘
q
,’ ‘
Jp
’ isinterpreted as ‘
to break off from a plant 
.’
qpjoux
’ is regarded as ‘
q
’, ‘
pj
’, and ‘
oux
.’
oux
indicates ‘
the set of three stems
’ below flower heads on the left side of the plant and ‘
pj
’ means
to break a plant 
.’ Collectively, ‘
qpjoux
’ can be interpreted as ‘
is broken off at and falls from the flower head of a plant 
.’ Last word of the line 2 of paragraph is ‘
Jfh
,’ which is regarded as ‘
J
’, ‘
f
and ‘
h
.’ Since ‘
J
’ is the skeleton letter and the word is another paraphrase contained in the line,the interpretation is focused on the meaning of ‘
fh
.’ If ‘
q
’ indicates ‘
a seed 
’ as something whichwas fallen from a flower head and finally related with a root, ‘
f
’ can be interpreted as ‘
a planted seed, to plant (a seed)
.’ Collectively, ‘
fh
’ can be interpreted as ‘
a root grown from a seed 
.’ Whenall the pieces have gathered together, the resultant interpretation of the line 2 of paragraph 1would be ‘
 A flower head is fully grown from the leaf on a root. A seed is fallen from the flower head and becomes a root 
.’FIG 7C illustrates the corresponding part of plant described in the line 3 of paragraph 1. Theskeleton letters are ‘
h
’, ‘
g
’, and ‘
w
.’ ‘
gpa
’ is regarded as ‘
g
’ and ‘
pa
.’ ‘
pa
’ can be interpreted as
the (bottom) end of a leaf 
.’
h gpa
’ is interpreted as ‘
the bottom end of a leaf is connected to aroot 
.’ It indicates the bottom end of the leaf on the right side of plant which was forked awayfrom the root. ‘
gh h~
’ of ‘
gh hwh
’ is a form of ‘
a root, which is ~
’ and ‘
h hwh
’ indicates the fleshpart which is another continuation of the previous context, i.e. ‘
gpa
.’ ‘
wh
’ indicates two rootspointing downward in the middle under the stem. So, ‘
h gpa gh hwh
’ can be interpreted as ‘
thebottom end of the leaf is connected to a pair of roots in the middle under the stem
.’ ‘
oux
’ means
a set of three stems
.’ ‘
louwh
’ is regarded as ‘
l
’, ‘
ou
’, and ‘
wh
.’ ‘
ou
’ can be interpreted as ‘
a set of two ~
’ and the question is what ‘
i
’ indicates. If it indicates a root, then ‘
ouwh
’ is interpreted as
two roots as a set of pair 
.’ So, ‘[
g
]
oux louwh
’ can be interpreted as ‘
the two roots as a set of  pair grow into a set of three stems
.’ The meaning of ‘
g
’ does not contribute to its interpretationsince it is a skeleton letter used as an indicator of the continuation of same context. ‘
~w wh
of 
gjpw wh
’ is interpreted as ‘
a pair, which indicates a pair of roots
.’ ‘
jpw
’ is regarded as ‘
j
’ and
pw
[
wh
].’ ‘
j
’ and ‘
jp
’ mean ‘
the whole part of plant above its bulky root 
’ and ‘
the bottom end of the middle stem
.’ ‘
pw
[
wh
]’ is interpreted as ‘
the end of a pair of two roots
.’ So, ‘[
g
]
jpw wh
’ isinterpreted as ‘
the whole part of plant on a pair of roots
.’ The last word ‘
Kh
’ is regarded as thename of the root of plant on Folio 2r. Finally, the line 3 of paragraph 1 can be interpreted as ‘
Thebottom end of the leaf is connected to a pair of roots in the middle under the stem and the set of three stems under the flower heads was grown from two roots as a set of pair. The whole part of  plant is based on a pair of roots called 
Kh 
.’
 
The line 4 of paragraph 1 describes the part illustrated in FIG 7D. ‘
woes
’ is regarded as
wo
+
es
.
wo
’ means ‘
two parts
.’ ‘
es
’ can be regarded as
e
+
 s
. ‘
e
’ and ‘
 s
’ are interpreted as ‘
a bulky or wide flatbed root or base, an elongated part 
’ and ‘
a flower head, or a leaf which can be turned into a flower head 
.’ As a single word, ‘
es
’ indicates ‘
a petal on an elongated sepal
.’ ‘
woes
’ can beinterpreted as ‘
two parts of a petal and an elongated sepal
.’ ‘
gpdoux
’ is regarded as
gp
+
d
+
oux
.
gp
’, ‘
d
’, and ‘
oux
’ means ‘
the end of stem is attached to, or rise from ~
’, ‘
a stem
’, and ‘
the part at the end of three stems
.’ ‘
gpdoux
’ can be interpreted as ‘
the part at the three stem is connected to ~
.’ Therefore, ‘
woes gpdoux
’ is interpreted as ‘
the flower head of a petal on an elongated sepal is connected to the end point of each stem
.’ The structure behind ‘
w pjpgpa oe lpwoux
’ isassumed to be ‘
w ~ lp
+
woux
.’ Since ‘
w
’ means ‘
two parts
’ and it indicates two flower heads onthe left side of plant, the following text will be dedicated to the description of a flower headwhich grows (‘
lp
’) into an elongated sepal and a petal at the end of stem (‘
woux
’). From earliersections, ‘
jp
’ indicates ‘
the bottom end of a middle stem
’ and ‘
pjp
’ is interpreted as ‘
the upper end of a middle stem
.’ Since ‘
pa
’ indicates ‘
the base of a leaf on a stem
,’ ‘
pjpgpa
’ can beinterpreted as ‘
the base of a leaf meets at the upper end of a stem
.’ Since ‘
oe
’ indicates ‘
the part of elongated sepal
,’ ‘
w pjpgpa oe lpwoux
’ can be interpreted as ‘
where the base of two leaves meet the upper end of two of three stems, two elongated sepals grow up
.’ ‘
gpe wox
’ is interpreted as
the upper end of elongated sepal which grew up on the third stem on the rightmost side is
Page - 3

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