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Published by dwybagus20

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Published by: dwybagus20 on Nov 18, 2012
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial


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Brakes are the most important components of an automobilevehicle.
 The vehicle is started, accelerated and it runs on the roads Butstopping of the vehicle is as essential as its starting.
 The mechanism which is used to slow and stop the vehicle isknown as braking system
Brakes are mechanical device used to stop the vehicle with in theshortest possible distance.
Brake action may be defined as the force which stops any motion.
When the brakes are applied on a moving vehicle the kineticenergy of the vehicles is transformed in to heat generated by thefriction between the brake lining and drums.
 The heat generated is dissipated into the skunk air
 The force of Action between the- linings and the drum dependsupon the coefficient of friction of the two material, form appliedbetween the skiing surface, the roughness of the surface, and thematerial of which the surface: are made.
Purpose of Brakes
 To stop the vehicle quickly with in a shortest possible distance.
 To slow down or stop the motion of a moving vehicle.
 To park the vehicles
 To control the speed of the vehicle.
Requirements of a good braking system
 The brakes should stop the vehicle in shortest possible distanceand time.
 The brakes- should work equally good (or) on bad road.Pedal effort applied by the driver should be more.
Brakes should work equally good iii all weather .
It should have less wearing parts
should require little maintenance.
Brakes when applied should not disturb steering geometry.
When brakes are applied, the- vehicle should not pull to one side.
It should produce less noise and vibration while applying brake.
It should have less weight and reliable.
It should not be skidding while applying brake.
It should have better cooling system and less weight.
Classifications of Brakes
1. According to the application
Foot brake (or) service brake (or) running brake
Hand brake (or) parking brake (or) emergency brake2. According to the number of wheels
2 Wheel brakes
4 Wheel brakes3. According to location
 Transmission brake
Wheel brakes
4. According to the method of braking contact
·Drum brakesExternal contracting (expanding) brakes.Internal expanding brakes.
Caliper (or) disc brakes.Single piston caliperDouble piston caliper.
According to the mode of operation.Mechanical brakes.Hydraulic brakesElectric brakesVacuum brakesVacuum assisted hydraulic brakesAir brakes.Air assisted hydraulic brakes.Brake Efficiency And Stopping Distance The maximum retarding force applied by the brakes at thewheels, F. depends us the coefficient of friction between the road andthe lyre surface u, and the component the weight of the vehicle on thewheel, W. i.e.. F = u WIf unity coefficient of friction is achieved, the total retarding forceproduced at wheels is equal to the vehicle weight itself, which is equalto the gravitational fo experienced by the freely falling body of mass

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