The lean combustion of an SI engine has been recognized as one of themost promising method of further improvement of fuel economy. According toautomotive pollution point of view, exhaust emissions as NOx, CO &HC are reduced because of abundance of oxygen and lowering of peak temperature.The present study was aimed at ascertaining the benefits of employing
catalysts in the combustion chamber
. In our study we have tried tocombine the concept of catalytic coating and lean burn to improve performance of an SIengine. The literature study has revealed that there is enormous potential for
We have chosen 150CC BAJAJ scooter engine in our study because thesetwo stroke engines are one of the greatest monsters that could demolish the atmosphere.In our investigation we have used
a silver catalyst
in 150CC engine.Experiments were conducted using state-of-the-art instrumentation comprising of PC based engine combustion analyzer equipment and exhaust analyzer.As the
of coating of catalysts such as nickel and silver the
of the engine has been increased by nearly
10% to 30%. The result also indicates the reduction of,
70% to 90% of CO,
10% to 20% of HC &
15% to 25% of fuel consumption.
Due to the increasing cost and uncertain supply of petroleum in recentyears, there have been strenuous effects to make spark ignition and compression enginesmore efficient. One of the most promising methods as far as SI engines are concerned isthe lean burn engine.There are several methods adopted to burn the lean mixture efficiently.Recently use of catalysts in the combustion chamber is being investigated to improve thecombustion process by increased chemical activity of the charge prior to ignition.The catalyst are used in the form of coating on the walls or in any form toinitiate combustion and make it burn faster, then the advantage improved efficiency can be obtained in addition to lower exhaust emissions.This new concept of catalytic activation of the charge for lean combustionhas been tried in this work and its effect on the combustion process has been investigated.The influence of various catalysts such as silver and nickel are determined.
OBJECTIVE OF THIS PAPER: