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Paths in Interactive Sound Visualization: from AVOL to AV Clash

Paths in Interactive Sound Visualization: from AVOL to AV Clash

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Published by Nuno N. Correia
Correia, N.N., 2012. Paths in Interactive Sound Visualization: From AVOL to AV Clash, in: Proceedings of Sound and Music Computing Conference 2010. Copenhagen, pp. 326–332.
Correia, N.N., 2012. Paths in Interactive Sound Visualization: From AVOL to AV Clash, in: Proceedings of Sound and Music Computing Conference 2010. Copenhagen, pp. 326–332.

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Categories:Topics, Art & Design
Published by: Nuno N. Correia on Nov 19, 2012
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07/04/2014

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U@SHV IO IOSBQ@FSITB VNROC TIVR@LIW@SINO7DQNK
 @TNL
SN
 @T FL@VH 
 
Oron O/ Fnqqbi`
@`lsn Roitbqvisy,Vfhnnl nd @qsv, Cbvimo `oc @qfhisbfsrqb,Kbci` L`a Hblvioji
k`ilEoronfnqqbi`/fnk
 @AVSQ@FS
Shiv u`ubq fnku`qbv s}n krlsiknc`l obs `qs uqngbfsv,
 @TNL
`oc
 @T Fl`vh
, ay shb `rshnq `oc @ocqé F`qqilhn(rocbq shb o`kb Ticbn G`fj)/ Shbiq nagbfsitb iv sn fqb`sb uqngbfsv bo`aliom iosbmq`sbc `rcintivr`l bxuqbvvino sh`s`qb dlbxialb, b`vy sn rvb, ul`ydrl `oc bom`miom sn bxubqi+bofb/ Shb uqngbfsv `qb fnosbxsr`liwbc }ish qbl`sbc }nqjv/Shb kbshncnlnmy dnq shb qbvb`qfh iv uqbvbosbc, }ish `obkuh`viv no bxubqibofb+dnfrvbc Hrk`o+Fnkursbq Iosbq+`fsino (HFI) ubqvubfsitbv/ Shb fnku`q`sitb bt`lr`sino nd shb uqngbfsv dnfrvbv no shb `o`lyviv nd shb `ov}bqv sn `onoliob prbvsinoo`iqb/
 @TNL
`oc
 @T Fl`vh
h`tb `cnusbc`o Iosbq`fsitb @rcinTivr`l Nagbfsv (I@TN) `uuqn`fh,}hifh iv ` k`gnq fnosqiarsino dqnk shbvb uqngbfsv, fno+vivsiom nd shb iosbmq`sino nd vnroc, `rcin tivr`liw`sino`oc Mq`uhif`l Rvbq Iosbqd`fb (MRI)/ Vsqbomshv `oc }b`j+obvvbv cbsbfsbc io shb uqngbfsv `qb `o`lyvbc/ Mbobqif fno+flrvinov `qb civfrvvbc, k`ioly qbm`qciom vikulifisy `och`qknoy tbqvrv fnkulbxisy `oc vbqbociuisy io `rcintiv+r`l uqngbfsv/ Dio`lly, u`shv dnq drsrqb cbtblnukbos `qb uqbvbosbc/
0/
 
IOSQNCRFSINO
 @T Fl`vh
(hssu7..}}}/`tfl`vh/fnk) iv ` krlsiknc`l no+liob uqngbfs sh`s `lln}v dnq shb iosbmq`sbc ul`ya`fj `ock`oiurl`sino nd vnroc `oc tivr`lv Z0[/ Is }`v cbtblnubc ay shb `rshnq `oc @ocqé F`qqilhn (`vvivsbc ay MnjfbS`vj`o), rocbq shb fnllbfsitb o`kb Ticbn G`fj, `oc qb+lb`vbc io 1505/ Shb vnrocv `qb qbsqibtbc dqnk
 Dqbb+ vnroc/nq
(hssu7..}}}/dqbbvnroc/nqm), `o noliob vnrocc`s`a`vb/
 @T Fl`vh
iv shb l`sbvs io ` vbqibv nd uqngbfsv sh`s`ik sn `ov}bq shb dnlln}iom qbvb`qfh prbvsino7 hn} sncbtblnu ` dlbxialb, ul`ydrl, bom`miom `oc b`vy sn rvb snnldnq `rcintivr`l bxuqbvvino/ Io shiv vbqibv nd uqngbfsv,
 @T Fl`vh
iv u`qsifrl`qly qbl`sbc sn
 @TNL
(@rcinTivr`l No+Liob)–is f`o ab fnovicbqbc `o btnlrsino nd shiv b`qlibq  uqngbfs (dqnk 155=)/ Ticbn G`fj-v uqbtinrv uqngbfsv h`c abbo knvsly uqbvbosbc io ubqdnqk`ofbv `oc bxhiaisinov/]ish
 @TNL
`oc
 @T Fl`vh
, Ticbn G`fj iosbocbc sn qb`fh` aqn`cbq `rcibofb ay `ccisino`lly rviom shb Iosbqobs `v ` ul`sdnqk, kntiom iosn shb sbqqisnqy nd obs `qs/ Shb uqngbfsv`lvn fh`llbomb shb anroc`qibv abs}bbo `rshnq, `rcibofb`oc rvbq/ ]ish shbvb uqngbfsv, Ticbn G`fj `ik sn u`vv snshbiq `rcibofb u`qs nd shb `rshnqi`l uqnfbvv/Shb uqngbfsv dis iosn ` aqn`cbq frlsrq`l fnosbxs nd `rci+bofb iosbqbvs io u`qsifiu`snqy bom`mbkbos }ish krvif: shb`vfboc`ofb nd shb krvif ticbn }ish shb bkbqmbofb nd KST io shb 0985v (Z1[, u/ 60): `oc iofqb`viom ikunqs`ofbnd Iosbqobs `v ` civsqiarsino fh`oobl dnq kbci`, u`qsifr+l`qly krvif `oc krvif ticbnv/ Shb iosbqbvs io u`qsifiu`+snqy bom`mbkbos f`o ab bxbkulidibc ay shb unurl`qisy nd krvif m`kbv vrfh `v shb
Mris`q Hbqn
vbqibv, shb shiqcknvs iodlrbosi`l m`kb nd shb u`vs cbf`cb `ffnqciom sn]iqbc k`m`wiob Z6[/ @v cbknovsq`sino nd shb iofqb`viomikunqs`ofb nd shb Iosbqobs `v krvif civsqiarsino fh`oobl,knqb sh`o 445 killino cimis`l vnomv }bqb vnlc io shb diqvsvbkbvsbq nd 1500 io shb RV@, `o 00 ubqfbos iofqb`vb dqnkshb diqvs h`ld nd 1505 Z3[/ Shb Iosbqobs h`v `lvn abfnkb !`vrubqa krvif ticbn qbvnrqfb!, fnosq`vsiom }ish shb krs`+sino nd KST `oc nshbq krvif ticbn fh`ooblv iosn !` fblb+ aq`sino nd fblbaqisy `oc }b`lsh! (Z1[, u/ tiii)/
1/
 
DQNK @TNL SN @T FL@VH
Dimrqb 0/
Vfqbbovhns nd @TNL
 Dimrqb 1/
Cbs`il nd I@TN io @TNL
 
Fnuyqimhs7 © 1501 Oron O/ Fnqqbi`/ Shiv iv `o nubo+`ffbvv `qsiflb civ+sqiarsbc rocbq shb sbqkv nd shbFqb`sitb Fnkknov @ssqiarsino Lifbovb 6/5Rounqsbc  , }hifh ubqkisv roqbvsqifsbc rvb, civsqiarsino, `oc qbuqncrfsinoio `oy kbcirk, uqnticbc shb nqimio`l `rshnq `oc vnrqfb `qb fqbcisbc/
 
 @TNL
(hssu7..}}}/ticbng`fjvsrcinv/fnk.`tnl) `lln}v dnq shb k`oiurl`sino nd `rcin `oc tivr`lv `mmqbm`sbc io vbtboIosbq`fsitb @rcinTivr`l Nagbfsv (I@TNv) iofnqunq`siom `Mq`uhif`l Rvbq Iosbqd`fb (MRI), b`fh }ish ul`ya`fj fno+sqnl drofsino`lisibv ioflrciom dnrq k`io fnosbos nusinov(Dimrqbv 0, 1)/ B`fh I@TN qbuqbvbosv ` fbqs`io syub nd vnroc (dnq bx`kulb, cqrkv nq mris`q)/Shb `rcin fnkunobos io
 @TNL
iv dixbc–is fnovivsv nd krvif lnnuv fnkunvbc ay shb `rshnq, `ll }ish shb v`kblbomsh/ Shbvb lnnuv }bqb fnkunvbc s`jiom iosn `ffnrossh`s shby }nrlc ab iosbqfh`omb`alb/ @o iosbqo`l flnfj bovrqbv sh`s shb vnrocv qbk`io vyofhqnoiwbc/ Shbvb blb+kbosv fnosqiarsb sn ` knqb sq`cisino`l !krvif`l! fh`q`fsbq nd 
 @TNL
, fnku`qbc sn shb knqb fh`nsif o`srqb nd 
 @T Fl`vh
(}hbqb vnrocv h`tb ciddbqbos crq`sino `oc citbqvbvsylbv)/
 @TNL
unvvbvvbv a`vif ul`ya`fj drofsino`lisy(ioflrciom vsnu `oc vnln dnq b`fh I@TN) `oc db} `rcink`oiurl`sino nusinov–noly tnlrkb f`o ab fnosqnllbc/
 
Shb tivr`lv io
 @TNL
`oc
 @T Fl`vh
vh`qb krlsiulbfnkkno fh`q`fsbqivsifv7 shby fnovivs nd `rcin+qb`fsitbfnofbosqif tbfsnq `oik`sinov (18 io
 @TNL
, dnrq ubq I@TN: 94 io
 @T Fl`vh
): shb `rcin qb`fsitisy iv a`vbc noshb vf`liom nd `oik`sinov `ffnqciom sn shb `kulisrcb nd shb fnqqbvunocbos vnroc: `oc shb `oik`sinov io ansh uqn+ gbfsv `qb `avsq`fs, fnofbitbc `v ` vragbfsitb iosbquqbs`sinond shb syub nd vnroc shby }bqb kb`os sn qbuqbvbos/ @rcinqb`fsitb tivr`lv `qb `o ikunqs`os blbkbos io ansh uqn+ gbfsv–shby `lln} dnq shb krlsiknc`l illrvino sh`s Fhinoh`v o`kbc !vyofhqbviv!7 !shb dnqmiom nd `o ikkbci`sb`oc obfbvv`qy qbl`sinovhiu abs}bbo vnkbshiom nob vbbv`oc vnkbshiom nob hb`qv `s shb v`kb sikb! (Z2[, u/ 113)/]ish
 @T Fl`vh
, shb `rshnq iosbocbc sn vnltb vnkb nd shb }b`jobvvbv hb cbsbfsbc io
 @TNL
7 vf`qfb `knros nd vnrocv: iobxivsbos vnroc frvsnkiw`sino: iovrddifibos`rcin k`oiurl`sino: likisbc ul`ydrlobvv: l`fj nd q`ocnki+w`sino db`srqbv: `oc rv`ailisy cbdifibofibv/
 @T Fl`vh
`c+cqbvvbc shnvb likis`sinov, }hilb k`ios`ioiom shb I@TN`uuqn`fh nd iosbmq`siom MRI }ish vnroc tivr`liw`sino(`lshnrmh shb orkabq nd nagbfsv }`v qbcrfbc sn dnrq) `ocshb vsylb nd tivr`lv (Dimrqbv 6, 3)/
Dimrqb 6/
Vfqbbovhns nd @T Fl`vh
 Dimrqb 3/
Cbs`il nd I@TN io @T Fl`vh
 
Shb likis`sinov qbl`sbc sn shb `knros `oc frvsnkiw`sinond vnrocv }bqb `ccqbvvbc ay fnoobfsiom sn shb noliobvnroc c`s`a`vb
 Dqbbvnroc/nqm 
, }hifh fl`vvidibv vnrocv ay s`m/
 @T Fl`vh
`ffbvvbv 00 nd shb s`mv (vrfh `v !onivb!`oc !tnifb!) }ish shb himhbvs orkabq nd vnrocv `oc qb+sqibtbv shb knvs unurl`q vnrocv (`ffnqciom sn orkabq nd cn}oln`cv) }ishio shnvb s`mv/ Ioisi`lly 15 vnrocv ubq s`m}bqb s`jbo iosn `ffnros, qbvrlsiom io ` sns`l nd `uuqnxi+k`sbly 115 vnrocv/Ay `ffbvviom ` kbor vyvsbk, rvbqv f`o fh`omb shbvnrocv `oc `oik`sinov fnos`iobc io b`fh nagbfs, `oc btboshb s`m nd sh`s nagbfs/ Dnrq b`vily `ffbvvialb u`iqiomv nd vnrocv `oc tivr`lv (!d`tnrqisbv!) f`o ab uifjbc dnq b`fhnd shb nagbfsv (shbvb dnrq u`iqiomv `qb q`ocnkiwbc `s shbvs`qs nd b`fh vbvvino)/ @o `ccisino`l s`m (!`tfl`vh!) }`vvbs ru io nqcbq sn `lln} rvbqv sn ruln`c shbiq vnrocv sn
 @T Fl`vh
, ti`
 Dqbbvnroc/nqm 
/Vnroc k`oiurl`sino f`u`ailisibv }bqb `ccbc7 bddbfsv(!bfhn! `oc !dilsbq!) `oc vnroc sqikkiom (vs`qs `oc boc uniosv)/ @v `o bxsq` blbkbos nd ul`ydrlobvv, rvbqv f`o!shqn}! nagbfsv `qnroc shb vfqbbo/ @ q`ocnkiw`sino db`+srqb }`v fqb`sbc7 ` !vhrddlb! arssno sh`s q`ocnkiwbv}hifh vnroc `oc `oik`sino `qb ul`yiom io b`fh nagbfs,`oc kntbv shb nagbfs io ` q`ocnk ciqbfsino, shrv bo`aliom` prifj fh`omb nd `rcintivr`l fh`q`fsbq }ish ` viomlb arssno uqbvv/ @onshbq ivvrb `ccqbvvbc io
 @T Fl`vh
}`vrv`ailisy/ Shb `rshnq dbls sh`s shb l`fj nd icbosidif`sino nd b`fh nagbfs io
 @TNL
hiocbqbc isv b`vb nd rvb/ Io
 @T Fl`vh
, nagbfsv `qb icbosidibc ay fnlnrq `oc ay ` a`llnno+vh`ubc !iodn siu! vhn}f`viom shb s`m o`kb/ Kntiom shbfrqvnq ntbq ` MRI blbkbos qbtb`lv drqshbq iodnqk`sino/
6/
 
FNOSBXSR@LIW@SINO ]ISH QB+L@SBC ]NQJV
Shbqb iv ` lnom hivsnqy abhioc shb fnkaio`sino nd krvif}ish shb tivr`l `qsv, `oc shb urqvris nd ` fnqqbvunocbofb abs}bbo ik`mb `oc vnroc/ @ofibos Mqbbj uhilnvnuhbqvvrfh `v Ul`sn `oc @qivsnslb vubfrl`sbc sh`s shbqb }`v `fnqqbl`sino !abs}bbo shb krvif`l vf`lb `oc shb q`ioan}vubfsqrk nd hrbv! Z4[/ Io shb 09sh fbosrqy, Qifh`qc ]`m+obq botivinobc ` mboqb nd `qs}nqj sh`s }nrlc fnkaiobciddbqbos `qsv–` “sns`l `qs }nqj‛ (
 mbv`ksjrovs}bqj 
)/]`mobq cbvfqiabc is `v `o nubq`sif ubqdnqk`ofb sh`s bo+fnku`vvbv krvif, shb`sqb `oc shb tivr`l `qsv7 “shb sqrbCq`k` iv noly fnofbit`alb `v uqnfbbciom dqnk ` fnkknorqmbofb nd btbqy `qs sn}`qcv shb knvs ciqbfs `uub`l sn `
 
fnkkno uralif‛/ Sn `fhibtb shiv, “b`fh vbu`q`sb aq`ofhnd `qs f`o noly ab drlly `ss`iobc ay shb qbfiuqnf`l `mqbb+kbos `oc fn+nubq`sino nd `ll shb aq`ofhbv io shbiq fnk+kno kbvv`mb‛ (Z=[, u/ 2)/Shb cbtblnukbos nd fiobk` nubobc shb cnnq sn drqshbq bxulnq`sinov abs}bbo krvif `oc ik`mb/ Nvj`q Divfhiombq (0955+094=) }`v nob nd shb ons`alb uinobbqv nd shiv diblc`oc }`v cbcif`sbc sn ` urqbly `avsq`fs `uuqn`fh nd tivr`lqbuqbvbos`sino nd krvif/ Divfhiombq }`v iovuiqbc ayAbqoh`qc Cibanlc, }hn f`llbc dnq !` ob} alboc nd shbdiob `qsv, krvif, c`ofb `oc fiobk`–nq abssbq, ob} `qsivsv,-Ailckrvijbqv- Ztivr`l krvifi`ov[! sn `fhibtb ]`mobq-vicb`l nd 
 mbv`ksjrovs}bqj 
, !uqbdbq`aly `avsq`fs io o`srqb!(Z8[, u/ 3)/ ]hbo Divfhiombq kntbc sn shb RV@ io 0964,!hiv }nqj `oc uqbvbofb abf`kb `o iovuiq`sino sn ` vbfnocmbobq`sino nd Fnlnrq+Krvif `qsivsv! vrfh `v Gnqc`o Abl+vno, H`qqy Vkish `oc aqnshbqv Gnho `oc G`kbv ]hisoby,}hn cbficbc sn s`jb ru `avsq`fs `oik`sino iodlrbofbc ayhik Z9[/Shb cbtblnukbos nd fnkursiom aqnrmhs `anrs ob} unvviailisibv dnq `qsivsv io tivr`l krvif/ Gnho ]hisoby }`v`knom shb diqvs sn bxulnqb shbvb unvviailisibv, `oc hiv blb+m`os `avsq`fs }nqj }`v `o iovuiq`sino dnq shb `oik`sinovio
 @TNL
`oc
 @T Fl`vh
/ Mnl`o Lbtio iv ` ons`alb bx`k+ ulb nd ` fnosbkunq`qy `qsivs io shiv diblc, }ish uqngbfsvvrfh `v hiv
 @rcintivr`l Botiqnokbos Vrisb
(
 @TBV 
), !`oiosbq`fsitb vnds}`qb sh`s `lln}v dnq shb fqb`sino `oc k`+oiurl`sino nd vikrls`obnrv tivr`lv `oc vnroc io qb`l sikb!(Z05[, u/ 066), rviom `o `avsq`fs `bvshbsifv/ Lbtio-v iodlr+bofb iv `uu`qbos io shb }nqj nd Ticbn G`fj, `v iv SnvhinI}`i-v, }ish }nqjv vrfh `v
 Blbfsqnul`ojsno
, ` vbs nd sbo!krvif`l snyv!, b`fh s`jiom ul`fb !io vnkb vnqs nd aiw`qqb ubsqi civh–nq ubqh`uv ` tbqy krvif`l `pr`qirk–dillbc}ish ciddbqbos vubfibv nd ul`ojsno sh`s f`o uqncrfb vnroc`oc limhs }hbo ynr iosbq`fs }ish shbk! Z00[/
3/
 
KBSHNCNLNMY @OC DQ@KB]NQJ 
Abs}bbo @uqil `oc K`y 1500, `o noliob prbvsinoo`iqb}`v fnocrfsbc sn cbsbqkiob id 
 @T Fl`vh
h`c vrffbbcbc ioisv nagbfsitbv, `v cbdiobc ay shb qbvb`qfh prbvsino is `c+cqbvvbv7 hn} sn fqb`sb ` snnl dnq iosbmq`sbc `rcintivr`lfqb`sitisy, }ish frvsnkiw`alb fnosbos, sh`s iv dlbxialb,b`vy sn rvb, ul`ydrl `oc bom`miom sn navbqtb> Abf`rvbvnkb nd shb nagbfsitbv `qb qbl`sbc sn vnltiom iovrddifibo+fibv cbsbfsbc io uqbtinrv uqngbfsv, shb prbvsinoo`iqb io+flrcbc vbfsinov fnku`qiom
 @T Fl`vh
sn b`qlibq uqngbfsv ayTicbn G`fj7
 K`vsbq `oc K`qm`qis`
`oc
 @TNL
/
 K`vsbq `oc K`qm`qis`
, ` uqngbfs sh`s vh`qbv db}bq qbvbkal`ofbv}ish
 @T Fl`vh
sh`o
@TNL
cnbv, }ill ab lbds nrs nd shbvfnub nd shiv u`ubq/Shb ciddbqbos blbkbosv nd shb qbvb`qfh prbvsino
 @T Fl`vh
`ccqbvvbv vsqrfsrqbc shb vbfsinov nd shb prbvsino+o`iqb7 0) `rcintivr`l iosbmq`sino `oc syub nd fnosbos: 1)`knros nd fnosbos: 6) dlbxiailisy–fnosbos k`oiurl`sinof`u`ailisibv: 3) rv`ailisy, b`vb nd rvb `oc bxulnq`sino: 2)fqb`sitisy `oc bxubqibofb/ B`fh vbfsino ioflrcbc prbv+sinov fnku`qiom
 @T Fl`vh
}ish uqbtinrv uqngbfsv/ Shbprbvsinoo`iqb }`v fnkunvbc nd 80 prbvsinov, knvslyflnvb+bocbc, ars `lvn 06 nubo+bocbc nobv/
0
Dnq shiv `qsi+flb, shb fnku`qivno prbvsinov `oc shb prbvsinov qbl`sbc sndrsrqb cbtblnukbosv `qb s`jbo iosn `ffnros/Io nqcbq sn cbtblnu shb ciddbqbos vbfsinov nd shb prbv+sinoo`iqb, lisbq`srqb no bxubqibofb+dnfrvbc hrk`o+fnkursbq iosbq`fsino (HFI) `oc rv`ailisy }bqb ikunqs`osvnrqfbv/ Bxubqibofb+dnfrvbc lisbq`srqb h`v cbsbfsbc m`uv abs}bbo HFI kbshncnlnmibv `oc shb nobv rvbc ay ob}kbci` `qsivsv/ Nob shb nob h`oc, vnkb `rshnqv icbosidy `sbocbofy io iosbq`fsitb `qs sn imonqb HFI kbshncnlnmibvdnq iosbq`fsino, !a`vbc no ` knvsly rovs`sbc ablibd sh`sshby cn ons kb`vrqb `vubfsv nd iosbq`fsitb `qs}nqjv sh`s`qb nd iosbqbvs sn `qsivsv! (Z01[, u/ 130)/ Hôôj bs `l/ fno+vicbq sh`s rvbq vsrcibv f`o `vvivs `qsivsv !sh`s }`os sn bx+ uqbvv shbkvbltbv shqnrmh `o iosbq`fsitb vyvsbk! sn k`jbshb iosbq`fsino !}nqj `v iosbocbc! (Z01[, u/ 138)/ Nob shbnshbq h`oc, vnkb `rshnqv onsb sh`s bt`lr`sino nd bxubqi+bofbc+dnfrvbc `uulif`sinov vhnrlc mn abynoc rv`ailisy7!sn bt`lr`sb kbqbly no rv`ailisy iv sn kivv shb tbqy uniosnd shbvb sbfhonlnmibv! (Z06[, u/ 1008)/@v ` fnovbprbofb, shb diblc nd HFI h`v abbo cbtblnuiomshb fnofbus nd bxubqibofb+dnfrvbc HFI, !qbfnmoiwiom `}icboiom nd shb vuhbqb nd HFI nrs nd shb }nqjul`fb `ociosn shb }nqlc, `oc bkuh`viwiom shb ikunqs`ofb nd frl+srqb, bknsino, `oc litbc bxubqibofb! (Z06[, u/ 1008)/ Dnl+ln}iom io shiv ciqbfsino, Ubsbqvno bs `l/ uqnunvb shb onsinond `bvshbsif iosbq`fsino `v `o !bxsbocbc bxuqbvvitbobvvsn}`qcv iosbq`fsitb vyvsbkv!, sh`s }nrlc qb`fh !abynocicb`lv nd bddifibofy `oc sq`ovu`qbofy, b/m/ lijb fnovicbq+iom shb bknsinov, `ssq`fsino, `oc `ddbfs iotnjbc ay cb+vimo! (Z03[, u/ 149)/ Is iv dnfrvbc no !iosqimriom `ocvnkbsikbv btbo `kaimrnrv `vubfsv!, `oc is `ikv sn !bo+fnrq`mb shb rvbq sn bxulnqb `oc ul`ydrlly `uuqnuqi`sb shbvyvsbk!, ay !fqb`siom iotnltbkbos, bxubqibofb, vrquqivb`oc vbqbociuisy io iosbq`fsino! (Z03[, u/ 1=3)/ Bxulnq`+ ailisy }`v iocbbc `o ikunqs`os `ik io shb cbvimo nd shb uqngbfsv, viofb, `v Cno`lc Onqk`o vs`sbv, !nob ikunqs`oskbshnc nd k`jiom vyvsbkv b`vibq sn lb`qo `oc rvb iv snk`jb shbk bxulnq`alb, sn bofnrq`mb shb rvbq sn bxubqi+kbos `oc lb`qo shb unvviailisibv shqnrmh `fsitb bxulnq+`sino! (Z02[, u/ 086)/
2/
 
QBVRLSV
Shb prbvsinoo`iqb }`v uqnknsbc io shb Ticbn G`fj hnkb u`mb `oc qbl`sbc visbv/ Is }`v nubo sn `oy qbvunocbosv,`oc }`v `ov}bqbc ay 11 `onoyknrv sbvs rvbqv/ @uuqnxi+k`sbly s}n shiqcv nd shb qbvunocbosv h`c ` k`vsbq-v cb+mqbb/ Shb t`vs k`gnqisy (90") nd shbvb sbvs rvbqv h`c bx+ ubqibofb `v ob} kbci` `qsivs `oc.nq ob} kbci` cbvimobq/H`ld h`c bxubqibofb `v CG (civj gnfjby) `oc.nq krvifi`o/@ll h`c bxubqibofb `v tib}bqv.livsbobqv nd ob} kbci` `qs uqngbfsv `oc nd obs `qs uqngbfsv/ Shbqbdnqb, shb qbvunoc+bosv `uub`q sn ab bxubqibofbc rvbqv nd iosbq`fsitb fnosbos`oc d`kili`q }ish kbci` uqncrfsino/ No `tbq`mb, shb qb+vunocbosv h`tb rvbc
 @T Fl`vh
s}n sikbv `oc vubos 01kiorsbv ul`yiom }ish shb uqngbfs ubq vbvvino/
0
@ vs`sif tbqvino nd shb prbvsinoo`iqb f`o ab dnroc `s7hssu7..}}}/ticbng`fjvsrcinv/fnk.vrqtby.`tfl`vh^prbvsinoo`iqb/ucd 

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