The United Nations encourages respect and protects fundamental freedoms for all people.Bangladesh as a developing country recognizes human rights to promote overalldevelopment of the country. Bangladesh has ratified most of the international treatiesand covenants including UN Charter, ICCPR and ICESCR. The normative framework for human rights protection is grounded in the UN Charter, the Universal Declaration of Human Rights (UDHR), ICCPR and ICESCR. Human rights are reflected in these legalinstruments adopted at the global and regional levels and enacted at the national level.However the implementation of government policies and plans in the development of human right institutions, human resources, accessibility and availability, resourcedistribution, rural-urban disparity, the male-female gap has put the human rights systemin a dismal state in Bangladesh.
“We will not enjoy development without security, we will not enjoy security without development, and we will not enjoy either without respect for human rights.”
[UN Secretary-General Kofi Annan
, “In Larger Freedom:Towards Development, Security and Human Rights for All,” 2005]
Here, I shall provide brief information of Bangladesh constitution, UN Charter, ICCPR and ICESCR before analyzing the reflection of UNC, ICCPR and ICESCR in theconstitution of Bangladesh.
Constitution of Bangladesh:
The Constitution of Bangladesh as a supreme law declares Bangladesh as a secular democratic republic where sovereignty belongs to the people and lays down theframework defining fundamental political principles of the state and spells out thefundamental rights of citizens. It has been passed by the Constituent Assembly of Bangladesh on November 4, 1972 and it has come into effect from December 16, 1972,