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arpaio-1

arpaio-1

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Published by Erin Fuchs

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Published by: Erin Fuchs on Nov 19, 2012
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11/19/2012

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FOR PUBLICATION
UNITED STATES COURT OF APPEALSFOR THE NINTH CIRCUIT
Y
VON
W
AGNER 
, as the personalrepresentative of the Estate of EricVogel,
 Plaintiff-Appellant 
,v.C
OUNTY OF
M
ARICOPA
, a politicalsubdivision of the State of Arizona;J
OSEPH
M.
 
A
RPAIO
, husband;U
 NKNOWN
A
RPAIO
, Named as JaneDoe Arpaio - wife,
 Defendants-Appellees
. No. 10-15501D.C. No.2:07-cv-00819-EHCORDER ANDOPINIONAppeal from the United States District Courtfor the District of ArizonaEarl H. Carroll, Senior District Judge, PresidingArgued and SubmittedApril 15, 2011—San Francisco, CaliforniaFiled November 16, 2012
 
W
AGNER V
.
 
M
ARICOPA
C
OUNTY
2
The Honorable Frederic Block, Senior District Judge for the U.S.
*
District Court for Eastern New York, Brooklyn, sitting by designation.This summary constitutes no part of the opinion of the court. It has
**
 been prepared by court staff for the convenience of the reader.
Before: John T. Noonan and N. Randy Smith, CircuitJudges, and Frederic Block, Senior District Judge.
*
Order;Opinion by Judge Noonan;Dissent by Judge N.R. Smith
SUMMARY
**
The panel withdrew its prior opinion and in a newly filedopinion reversed the district court’s judgment, enteredfollowing a jury trial, and remanded in an action brought bythe Estate of Eric Vogel asserting that jail officials were partially responsible for Vogel’s death from acute cardiacarrhythmia following his release from jail.The Estate alleged that County of Maricopa jail officerssubjected Vogel, who suffered from a mental illness, to anunreasonable search and seizure while he was a pretrialdetainee. Prior to transferring Vogel into the jail’s psychiatric unit, defendants subjected him to a “dress out,”during which they forced him on the ground, stripped him of all his clothes, and changed him into the jail outfit, whichincluded pink underwear. The panel held that the districtcourt erred by limiting the testimony of Vogel’s sister at trialunder the hearsay rule because her statements were offered to
 
W
AGNER V
.
 
M
ARICOPA
C
OUNTY
3establish Vogel’s state of mind. The panel further held thatthe district court erred by excluding references to the pink underwear, and that, unexplained and undefended, the dress-out in pink appeared to be punishment without legal justification. The panel held that it appeared that this due process question was still open for exploration at trial onremand. Alternatively, the panel held that plaintiff may prevail on the narrower issue of whether defendants weredeliberately indifferent to Vogel’s serious medical needs.Finally, the panel held that the district court should have permitted Vogel’s expert to offer the opinion that the stress of the dress-out incident could have exacerbated Vogel’s mentalillness.Dissenting, Judge N. Smith stated that the majority failedto correctly construe the hearsay rule and failed to give the proper deference to the district court’s other evidentiaryrulings.
COUNSEL
John M. Curtain, Phoenix, Arizona, for plaintiff-appellant.Eileen D. Gilbride, Phoenix, Arizona, for defendants-appellees.

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