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Heat Transfer Cengel Solution Manual

Heat Transfer Cengel Solution Manual

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Published by Aileen Magee

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Published by: Aileen Magee on Nov 20, 2012
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial


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This manual is prepared as an aide to the instructors in correcting homework assignments, butit can also be used as a source of additional example problems for use in the classroom. Withthis in mind, all solutions are prepared in full detail in a systematic manner, using a wordprocessor with an equation editor. The solutions are structured into the following sections tomake it easy to locate information and to follow the solution procedure, as appropriate:
- The problem is posed, and the quantities to be found are stated.
- The significant assumptions in solving the problem are stated.
- The material properties needed to solve the problem are listed.
- The problem is solved in a systematic manner, showing all steps.
- Comments are made on the results, as appropriate.A sketch is included with most solutions to help the students visualize the physical problem,and also to enable the instructor to glance through several types of problems quickly, and tomake selections easily.Problems designated with the CD icon in the text are also solved withthe EES software, and electronic solutions complete with parametric studiesare available on the CD that accompanies the text. Comprehensive problems designated withthe computer-EES icon [
pick one of the four given
] are solved using the EES software, andtheir solutions are placed at the
 Instructor Manual
section of the
Online Learning Center 
 (OLC) at
Access to solutions is limited to instructors only whoadopted the text, and instructors may obtain their passwords for the OLC by contacting theirMcGraw-Hill Sales Representative athttp://www.mhhe.com/catalogs/rep/ .Every effort is made to produce an error-free Solutions Manual. However, in a text of this magnitude, it is inevitable to have some, and we will appreciate hearing about them. Wehope the text and this Manual serve their purpose in aiding with the instruction of HeatTransfer, and making the Heat Transfer experience of both the instructors and students apleasant and fruitful one.We acknowledge, with appreciation, the contributions of numerous users of the firstedition of the book who took the time to report the errors that they discovered. All of theirsuggestions have been incorporated. Special thanks are due to Dr. Mehmet Kanoglu whochecked the accuracy of most solutions in this Manual.Yunus A. Çengel
July 2002
Chapter 1
 Basics of Heat Transfer
Thermodynamics and Heat Transfer
Thermodynamics deals with the amount of heat transfer as a system undergoes a process from oneequilibrium state to another. Heat transfer, on the other hand, deals with the rate of heat transfer as well asthe temperature distribution within the system at a specified time.
(a) The driving force for heat transfer is the temperature difference. (b) The driving force for electriccurrent flow is the electric potential difference (voltage). (a) The driving force for fluid flow is the pressuredifference.
The caloric theory is based on the assumption that heat is a fluid-like substance called the "caloric"which is a massless, colorless, odorless substance. It was abandoned in the middle of the nineteenthcentury after it was shown that there is no such thing as the caloric.
problems deal with the determination of the
heat transfer rate
for an existing system at aspecified temperature difference. The
 problems deal with the determination of the
of a system inorder to transfer heat at a
specified rate
for a
specified temperature difference
The experimental approach (testing and taking measurements) has the advantage of dealing with theactual physical system, and getting a physical value within the limits of experimental error. However, thisapproach is expensive, time consuming, and often impractical. The analytical approach (analysis or calculations) has the advantage that it is fast and inexpensive, but the results obtained are subject to theaccuracy of the assumptions and idealizations made in the analysis.
Modeling makes it possible to predict the course of an event before it actually occurs, or to studyvarious aspects of an event mathematically without actually running expensive and time-consumingexperiments. When preparing a mathematical model, all the variables that affect the phenomena areidentified, reasonable assumptions and approximations are made, and the interdependence of thesevariables are studied. The relevant physical laws and principles are invoked, and the problem is formulatedmathematically. Finally, the problem is solved using an appropriate approach, and the results areinterpreted.
The right choice between a crude and complex model is usually the
model which yields
results. Preparing very accurate but complex models is not necessarily a better choice since suchmodels are not much use to an analyst if they are very difficult and time consuming to solve. At theminimum, the model should reflect the essential features of the physical problem it represents.