State that hormones are chemical messengers secreted by endocrine glands intothe blood and transported to specific target cells
Hormones are used in the form of long-distance communication of the endocrine system.The endocrine glands, such as the pancreas, produce hormones and secrete them into thebloodstream. The blood carries the hormones through the body. When the hormonereaches the cells that have the right receptor, it will bind to the target cell and produce aresponse.
State that hormones can be steroids, proteins and tyrosine derivatives, with oneexample of each
Steroids are a type of molecule made up of four organic rings.An example of a steroid hormone is
, a stress hormone,shown right
. The sex hormones œstradiol and testosterone
These hormones are made up of polypeptides.An example of a protein hormone is
, which is used in the controlof blood glucose concentration.
Tyrosine Derivative Hormones
Tyrosine is one of the amino acids. Some hormones are derived from it.An example is the thyroid hormone, thyroxine (T
), which helps toregulate metabolism.