Oisin Maguire Magnetic Domains3
material with an external magnetic field applied. There is clearly a correlationbetween the intensity of the light and the intensity of the magnetic field.
:- A program was written to send out a voltage acrossa wire loop which causes a magnetic field through the ferromagnetic material.This will create magnetic domains within the ferromagnetic material which willat higher voltages cause the entire ferromagnetic material to change theorientation of the light that passes through the material.During the experiment a discharge lamp will be used to illuminate theferromagnetic material. Before the light from the discharge tube enters theferromagnetic material it is polarised also upon exiting the ferromagneticmaterial the light will be polarised again but this time it will be perpendicularlypolarised with respect to the initial polarisation. This light will be detected by aphotodiode which will send a dc(direct current) signal to a dc amplifier whichthen in turn will be converted to a binary voltage read in by the computerprogram. By plotting the applied magnetic field on an x-axis of a graph againstthe magnetisation on the y-axis a hysteresis loop will be the resultant graph.If we measure how the intensity of the light recorded by the photodiode as weraise the temperature of the ferromagnetic material we can determine theCurie temperature by extrapolating a linear plot. The ferromagnetic materialcan be heated by applying an external magnetic field perpendicular to thedirection of the incident light as well as being perpendicular to the direction of the other magnetic field provided by the computer program, in this way thestrength of the external magnetic field will not disturb in the change of thepolarisation as the external magnetic field will cause a change in an axis thatthe light getting recorded will not get disturbed by.
:- Most of the data was taken by the computer programfound in the code section at the end of the lab report for the rest of the data amultimetre and a Gaussmeter was used.For the pictures a camera was used.