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Topic 9 - Trig Identities 1

# Topic 9 - Trig Identities 1

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Solutions for class booklet.
Solutions for class booklet.

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11/27/2012

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TOPIC 9
–
TRIGONOMETRIC IDENTIES I
(PYTHAGOREAN, QUOTIENT, & RECIPROCAL)

In mathematics, trigonometric identities are equalities that involve trigonometric functions and are true forevery single value of the occurring variables.An example is the identity .
Alberta Ed Learning Outcome:

Prove Trigonometric Identities using:-

Reciprocal
Identities -
Quotient
Identities -
Pythagorean
Identities

-

Sum or Difference Identities - Double-Angle Identities. [R, T, V]

Explore 1
Use the / special triangle below to verify the identity
Use your calculator (degree mode) to verify the identity for the non-30/60 angles
Use your graphing calculator to compare the graphs and
Fill out using exact values / the special triangleFill out using approximate values / the your calculatorGraph and on calc and compare
Verifying the identity
Explore 2
Apply the Pythagorean Formula on the trianglecontained within the unit circle.
Verify
yourresult using the point for .

Trigonometric identities
are equalities that involve trigonometric functionsthat are true for every single value of the occurring variables.Verifying an does not prove that two expressions form an identity forall values. For this, we must provide a
proof
.
The
Quotient Identities
are:When considering any type of trigonometric identity, we oftenmust also consider any
non-permissible values
.
Connect
LSRS
0.0175 0.01750.0349 0.03490.0523 0.05230.0698 0.06980.0872 0.08720.1045 0.1045
Identities can by verified either
numerically
(by substituting some
angle and evaluating “both sides”) or
graphically
. (By graphing bothsides of an identity)
(same graph)

While the
ReciprocalIdentities
are:

And the
PythagoreanIdentities
are:

Example:

Example: State the non-permissible values for
This is
Can’t divide by zero!

Undefined where , so

, with another restriction
every
In this topic we’ll use the
quotient
,
reciprocal
, and
Pythagorean
Identities to simplify and prove morecomplex identitie
s. (and it’s going to be fun)

1.

Given the identity ,(a)

Verify using the angles and (b) Verify graphically.
Sketch resulting graphs here
(b)

Prove algebraically(c)

State any
non-permissible values
2.

Simplify each of the following trig expressions to , or 1.(a)

(b) (c)3.

Consider the Pythagorean identity. (a)

If and , use the identity to determine the exact value of .(b)

Isolateand then to develop two counterpart identities 4.

Simplify into a single trigonometric expression.(a)

(b) (c) (d)
Practice
Left Side Right Side

## Activity (3)

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