Scope and Definition of HRSG
Scope of HRSGs to be discussed.
The Heat Recovery Steam Generator, or HRSG, comes in numerous shapes, designs, configurations,arrangements, etc. To simplify our discussion herein, we will first state that the type of HRSG we arereviewing is what may be referred to as a water tube(as opposed to a fire tube) type heat recovery unit.This refers to the process fluid, i.e., the steam or water being on the inside of the tube with the products of combustion being on the outside of the tube. The products of combustion are normally ator close to atmospheric pressure, therefore, the shell side is generally not considered to be a pressurevessel.
Definition of concepts and terminology used in discussions.
In the design of an HRSG, the first step normally is to perform a theoretical heat balance which will give us therelationship between the tube side and shell side process. Before we can compute this heat balance, we mustdecide the tube side components which will make up our HRSG unit. Even though these components mayinclude other heat exchange services, at this time we will only consider the three primary coil types that may be present, i.e., Evaporator, Superheater, Economizer. When we refer to an Evaporator Section, this includes allthe evaporator coils making up the total evaporator for a Pressure System. A pressure system includes all thecomponents included in the various streams associated with that pressure level.
The most important component would, of course, be the Evaporator Section, since without this coil(or coils),the unit would not be an HRSG. Throughout our discussion, we will refer to a main heat transfer component asa "section". When the section is broken into more than one segment, i.e., such as for a change in tube size,material, extended surface, location, etc., we will refer to the segments as coils. So an evaporator section mayconsist of one or more coils. In these coils, the effluent(water), passing through the tubes is heated to thesaturation point for the pressure it is flowing.