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Battle River Metis Scrip Claims

Battle River Metis Scrip Claims

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Metis scrip applications from Battle River (Duhamel, Lafournaise Settlement and Todd Crossing).

Metis scrip applications from Battle River (Duhamel, Lafournaise Settlement and Todd Crossing).

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Categories:Types, Research, History
Published by: Lawrence J. Barkwell on Nov 21, 2012
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial


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Battle River Metis Scrip Claims
The Battle River (Notikiwin Seppe in Cree) originates south from Battle Lake in centralAlberta, east of Winfield and flows east into Saskatchewan, where it discharges in theNorth Saskatchewan River at Battleford. Battle Lake, Samson Lake, Driedmeat Lake andBig Knife Lake are formed along the river. Battle River was named after a long time warbetween the Cree and Blackfoot bands over the hunting area. In the mid 1800s, severalMétis families – the Salois and the Laboucanes, settled at Battle River, in Alberta,establishing a trade route for transporting merchandise in the famous Red River carts, aswell as raising livestock and horses. Known as the Laboucane Settlement, many yearslater, it was renamed in honour of Bishop Thomas Duhamel from the Archdiocese of Ottawa. In 1881, Father Beillevaire was asked to start a mission along the south side of the Battle River. He named this settlement Duhamel, after Archbishop Duhamel of Ottawa. Metis' families had begun settlement as early as 1870 in Duhamel and in thevalley of Battle River supplying Fort Edmonton with buffalo meat and supplies with theirRed River carts along side their cousins, the Cree and Saulteaux Bands.With the arrival of homesteaders in the region, in 1896, a number of the families from theLaboucane Settlement moved to new colony of Saint-Paul-des-Métis north of theSaskatchewan River with their large herds of livestock to join the other Métis settlers andbecause there were still large expenses of Crown lands available for pasture for theirherds of horses and cattle.
Duhamel Settlement, Alberta:
The early trading post of Duhamel was situated two tothree miles northwest of the hamlet's current site, directly on the main local fording of the Battle River. Around 1886, the post was moved to the site where highway 21 nowcrosses the river. Buffalo Lake and the Battle River Valley came to prominence as aMetis gathering places after the great small-pox (
la picotte
) epidemic of 1870. The Metisfled from locations such as St. Albert, Lac St. Anne and Edmonton to escape the disease.There were four nearby Metis wintering sites: Salois’ Crossing near Duhamel, Tail Creeknear Boss Hill, Todd’s Crossing near Ponoka, and Dried Meat Hill. The Buffalo Lake siteis located between Lynn and Buffalo Lakes southeast of Edmonton.François Gabriel Dumont was the founder of what was to become the LaboucaneSettlement, later known as Duhamel Settlement. This Metis community was located atthe point where the Saddle Lake – Battleford Trail crosses the river. It is on the stretch of the Battle River between the modern day cities of Wetaskiwin and Camrose. Francoiswas born at Old Fort Edmonton in 1825, the son of Gabriel Dumont Sr. and SuzanneLucier. He married Nancy Gladu of Slave Lake at Lac Ste. Anne in 1849. FrançoisGabriel Dumont, Abraham Salois (the brother-in-law of Francois), George Ward, andJames Richards were the great buffalo hunters of Alberta. Francois was a leader of theMetis operating out of the Edmonton area and Boss Hill and Tail Creek. Francois was theperson who travelled to Winnipeg to bring the first priest back to establish a mission atSt. Albert. He also brought the first plow, which he used on his farm at Lac St. Anne.
2In the early 1870s Francois moved from Lac St. Anne to the Battle River. At the time hewas accompanied by his brother-in-law Abraham Salois and Salois’ two sons, Laurentand Gabriel. The first year after they moved the government appointed Francois to be theagent paying out Treaty money to the Indians. He did this in the area known as theLaboucane Settlement, later known as the Old Duhamel Settlement.
Laboucane Settlement or Lafournaise Settlement, Alberta:
In 1878 six brothers of theLaboucane family left White Horse Plain in Manitoba and headed west for the BattleRiver (Alberta). They were the sons of Jean Baptiste Laboucanne dit Lafournaise born1815
at St. Boniface and his wife Marguerite Gosselin born 1819
at Red River. Thebrothers were accompanied by members of the St. Germain and Poitras families. ThreeLaboucane brothers, Jean Baptiste, Gabriel and Elzéar settled on land north of the rivercrossing and the other three, Jerome, Pierre and Guillaume settled on the south side.
Todd’s Crossing, Alberta:
In the early 1870s, Donald Todd established residence on theBattle River at what became known as Todd’s Crossing. It is located on the stretch of theBattle River between the modern day cities of Wetaskiwin and Camrose. Donald Toddwas born August 4, 1855 at St. Clements, the son of William Todd (born 1823 at YorkFactory) and Sarah Jane Johnstone. In 1875, he married Suzanne Durand dit Dumont atBear’s Hill, Alberta.
Attikanik, Baptiste (or Whitefish);
concerning his deceased son Francois; claim no.:3161; address:
; born: 11 October, 1885 at
; father: Baptiste Attikanik(Métis and deponent); mother: Isabelle Cardinal (Métis); scrip cert.: form F, no. 1236
Bangs, Julienne
; for her deceased brother, Joseph Cardinal; claim no. 1979; address:Moose Lake; born: 10 April, 1883 at Bears Hills; father: Pierre Cardinal (Métis); mother:Sophie Piche (Métis); died: 1890 at
Battle River
; Allowed on 3320 of 1900
Bernard, Alexis;
for his deceased children: Caroline, born: 1873 at Buffalo Lake, died:1886 at Calgary; Pierre, born: 1881 at Blackfoot Crossing, died: 1896 at
; claimno. 3434; address: Duhamel; father: Alexis Bernard (Métis and deponent); mother: MarieKa-Pa-wis (Métis); heir: their father, Alexis Bernard; scrip cert.: form F, no. 1436,Caroline; scrip cert.: form F, no. 1438, Pierre
Bernard, Marie
; on behalf of her deceased brother's deceased children; Marianne, born:June, 1897, died: 1897; Sophie, born: 23 September 1871, died: 1874; Antoine, born:January 1872, died: 1874; father: Jacques Kapowis (Métis); mother: Catherine (CreeIndian); address:
claim no. 3401
Bernard, Marie
; for her deceased brother, Thomas Alberta; claim no. 3400; address:
; born: 1825 at Edmonton; father: Norbert Kapawis (Métis); mother: GenevièveOkase (Métis); died: September 1870
He died circa 1876 in Smokey River, Alberta.
She died in 1887 at Duhamel, Alberta.
Bernard, Michel
; heir to his brother, Baptiste Bernard; claim no. 538; address: BearsHills; born: 1860 at Buffalo Lake; father: Ne-ne-mis-kan, Bernard (Métis); mother:Josephte Essekanewavan (Métis); died: September 1870 at
Battle River
; heirs: Kesh-he-miwmakowa Bernard (No name) Bernard, Michel Bernard (depondent), Pierre Bernard;$80 each
Blandion, Félix
; heir of his deceased daughter, Nancy; claim no. 3218; address: TailCreek; born: 1883 at
father: Félix Blandion (Métis and deponent); mother:Annie Whitford (Métis); died: 1897 at Bears Hills; scrip cert.: form F, no. 1294
Bonneau, Cécile
; for her deceased son, Jean Marie Poitras; claim no. 2089; address: St.Paul des Metis; born: 1883 at the Forks of the Red Deer River; father: Maxime Poitras(deceased Métis); mother: Cécile LaFournaise or Sabourin (Métis and deponent); died:1885 at
; heirs: Cécile Sabourin (mother), scrip cert.: form D, no. 1978 for$21.81; Maxime Poitras, scrip cert.: form D, no. 1980 for $21.81; St. Pierre Poitras, scripcert.: form D, no. 1982 for $21.82; John Poitras, scrip cert.: form D, no. 1984 for $21.82;Mathilda Poitras, scrip cert.: form D, no. 1986 for $21.82; Anne Poitras, scrip cert.: formD, no. 1988 for $21.82; Patrice Bonneau, scrip cert.: form D, no. 1990 for $21.82; MarieRose Bonneau, scrip cert.: form D no. 1992 for $21.82; Josue Bonneau, scrip cert.: formD, no. 1994 for $21.82; Annie Bonneau, scrip cert.: form D, no. 1996 for $21.82; MathiasAlphone Bonneau, scrip cert.: form D, no. 1998 for $21.82; file ref. 942561
Bousquet, Isabelle
; address:
claim no. 872; born: 1848 at Edmonton; father:Michel Bousquet (Métis); married: in 1862 at St. Boniface to Joseph Alexandre Kak-ape-se-se-sib, & in 1878 at
to John Todd; mother: Lalouise Vandette (Métis);children living: 3; children deceased: 1; scrip for $160.00
Breland, Samson
; heir of his deceased children: Zacharie, born: 1875 at the mouth of theRed Deer River, died: January, 1885; Marie Rose, born: 1884 at
, died: 1888;address:
claim no. 3371; father: Samson Breland (Métis and deponent);mother: Clemence Bellehumeur (Métis); scrip cert.: form F, no. 1366, Zacharie; scripcert.: form F, no. 1368, Marie Rose
Bremner, Nancy
; Once of the heirs of her deceased sister, Caroline Pee-zee-que; claimno. 1427; address: Buffalo Lake; born: 1879 at
Battle River
; father: Peezeeque (Métis);mother: Mary Dumont (Métis); died: 1881 at Battle River; heirs: Nancy Bremner(deponent); Mary Peezeeque; Jane Peezeeque, wife of Frank Smith; this is the same claimas Caroline Lightening, deceased, no. 3337 of 1900, cannot trace under Peezeeque
Bruneau, Marie (dit Montagnais);
claim no. 3317; born: 1859 at
Battle River;
father: Richard Collin (Métis); mother: Nancy Breland (Métis); scrip cert.:form E, no. 3293; file ref. 1871264

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