—an unselfish interest in helping others.
—a fatal degenerative disease in which brain neurons progressively die, causing loss of memory, reasoning, emotion, conrol of bodily functions, then death.
—a loss of memory.
—part of the limbic system of brain thatinfluences emotions such as aggression, fear andself-protective behaviors
is involved in the storageof emotional memories.
—Freud’s second stage of development in which the child receives pleasure from the analregion especially during elimination.
—one of the three parts of Sternberg’s tri-archic theory of intelligence
is similar to what istested by traditional IQ tests and what we areasked to do in school: compare, contrast, analyzeand figure out cause-effect relationships.
—the tendency to be influenced by a suggested reference point, pulling our responsetowards that point.
—thepresence ofdesirablemasculineand feminine characteristics in one individual.
—belief of a preoperational child that allthings are living just like him/her according toPiaget.
—eating disorder more commonin the adolescent female characterized by weightless than 85% of normal, abnormally restrictivefood consumption, and an unrealistic body imagethat she is still fat.
—a disorder caused by braindamage that disrupts a person’s ability to formnew long-term memories of events that occurafter the time of the brain damage.
—medicines which elevatemood states
three main categories include tri-cyclics (such as Elavil), MAO inhibitors (such asNardil), and SSRI inhibitors (such as Prozac).
—powerful medicines thatlessen agitated behavior, reduce tension, decreasehallucinations and delusions, improve socialbehavior, and produce better sleep behavior espe-cially in schizophrenic patients (also called neu-roleptics).
Antisocial personality disorder
—a disorder charac-terized by a failure to conform to standards of decency
repeated lying and stealing
a failure tosustain lasting, loving relationships
low toleranceof boredom
and a complete lack of guilt.
—a listing of frightening eventsin increasing order of severity used in systematicdesensitization treatment for phobias.
—anti-anxiety drugs (tranquilizers) suchas benzodiazepines including Librium, Valium, Xanax
—impairment of the ability to understand(receptive) or use (expressive) language.
—a conflict in whichthe individual must choose between two positivestimuli or circumstances.
—a conflict in whichthe individual must decide whether or not tochoose a circumstance involving a single stimulusthat has both positive and negative characteristics.
— test that measures what our poten-tial should be and whether or not we will benefitfrom some training
predicts our future capacity to learn and develop.
—according to Jung, a number of uni-versal themes that are part of the collective uncon-scious.
—level of alertness, wakefulness and activa-tion caused by activity in the central nervoussystem
optimal level varies with the person andthe activity.
Artificial intelligence (A
—a field of study in which computer programs are designed to simu-late human cognitive abilities such as reasoning,learning, and understanding language.
—the belief of the preoperational childthat all objects are made by people.
—process by which we incorporatenew information into our existing cognitive struc-tures or schemas.
—regions of the cerebral cortex that do not have specific sensory or motor func-tions, but are involved in higher mental functionssuch as thinking, planning, and communicating.
Atkinson–Shiffrin model of memory
—assumesthree different memory systems: sensory memory,short-term memory (STM), and long-termmemory (LTM).
—a close emotional bond or relation-ship between the infant and the caregiver.
— a state of focused awareness.
Attention deficit/hyperactive disorder (ADHD)
—a disorder in which the individual is unable tofocus attention for a normal length of time, andoften shows an elevated level of activity.