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Carpet Industry in Pakistan

Carpet Industry in Pakistan

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Published by yasirkarim
Brief report about Pakistan carpet industry, summerised by YASIR KARIM.
Brief report about Pakistan carpet industry, summerised by YASIR KARIM.

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Published by: yasirkarim on Jan 27, 2009
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04/18/2013

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[December 22, 2008]
Carpet Industry in Pakistan
 A Brief Review
 
 
 1
 
Carpet Industry in Pakistan
 A Brief Review
 
History
The carpet is the one of finest and most exquisite form of expression and has more than 2,500 years oldhistory. The Iranians were amongst the first carpet weaver of the ancient civilizations and, throughcenturies of creativity and ingenuity building upon the talents of the past, achieved a unique degree of excellence.The carpet industry plays a vital role in the economy of Pakistan. It is not only a major earner of foreignexchange for the economy as a whole but it also contributes to the relief of poverty in rural areas. It is basically a cottage industry spread all over Pakistan, especially in remote rural areas. It is a major sourceof income for families who have few other sources of livelihood, apart from marginal agriculture. Familiescan easily enter carpet-making as an occupation as it requires few infrastructural facilities. Unlike otherindustries it does not require electricity, water, etc. A wooden loom, yarn and knotting skill are needed tomake carpets. Another advantage for the rural families is that they can do the work inside their homes.Because the work takes place inside homes, female members of the family can also participate in thiseconomic activity. The carpet industry is totally indigenous as even the machines used are manufacturedlocally.Ornamental (rugs) carpets have from the been a part of the Islamic culture as it achieved unprecedentedheights in Baghdad, Damascus, Cordova, Delhi and in the fabled cities of Central Asia. References tocarpets in Arabic and Persian literature are numerous. Where Muslim culture has flourished, carpet weaving has been a part of the scene. This is especially true of the Arab Middle East and Central Asianareas which have seen the flowering of Muslim culture at its best.Historians believe that carpet making was introduced to the region now constituting Pakistan as far back as the 11th century with the coming of the first Muslim conquerors the Ghaznavids and the Ghauris.During the Mughal period the carpets made in the Indo-Pak Sub-Continent became so famous that there was mounting demand for them abroad. These carpets have distinctive designs and boasted a richknotting density. The tradition has remained strong over the last 400 years, although it has had ups anddown during this period. After the partition of the Sub-Continent in 1947 to establish the new MuslimState of Pakistan, most of the Muslims migrated to Pakistan, settled down either in Lahore or in Karachi.It is these people who formed the backbone of the carpet industry in Pakistan. The type of carpet used isnot mass-market domestic floor covering but is more appropriately 
characterized
as part of the exotic‘rug’ trade. The rugs are individually made from a process of knotting with a unique pattern rather thanmass-produced. In the world market such rugs are best known as ‘Persian’ rugs and Turkish rugsalthough Iran and Turkey are not the sole supplier. According to the Pakistan Carpet Manufacturers andExporters Association (PCMEA, 2003) there are 150000-200000 looms in the country. The number of  weavers is estimated around 200000-250000. Carpet making takes place in all the four provinces of Pakistan.
 
 
 2
 
Type of Carpets
Today's carpet market is dominated by three main varieties:
Rugs
are an ancient craft that combines unique design, vibrant colors and plush fabrics to bring warmthand pizzazz to any space.Historically, oriental rugs have been produced in Central Asian countries such as Turkey, Persia, Pakistan,Nepal, India, Afghanistan, China, the Caucasus and Turkestan. The term 'Oriental' encompass specifictypes of rug classifications including: Persian, Turkish (or Anatolian), Caucasian and Central Asian. Hereare a few things to consider when purchasing a rug:
 
Machine or hand-woven.
 
Natural or synthetic dyes.
 
Natural dye is normally extracted from vegetables while artificial dyes such as aniline and chromeare also used.
 
Density, measured in knots per square inch. This can range from 40-1,000 and normally costsmore the higher the knot count. A very high knot count is mostly reserved for museumcollections.
 
Natural or synthetic fibers. Hand-tufted rugs are often made of natural fibers while machinemade rugs can be made of either natural or man-made products.Some believe that using natural fibers such as wool (most common in oriental rugs), silk and goat orcamel hair provide many advantages. Wool as an example is often praised for its durability and its ability to maintain the rug's strength and beauty.Some common synthetic fibers used to produce rugs include olefin (polypropylene), nylon, polyester,acrylic and cotton and some rugs use a blend these fibers. Synthetic rugs are often more affordable thanrugs made of natural thread and some find the higher levels of stain resistance in synthetic rugs an added benefit.
Loop Pile
in which individual strands of yarn are pulled through the carpet backing twice to create asmall loop.Long lasting and easy to clean, level loop pile is increasingly popular. Carpets with short, densely-packedpile block out dirt and are well suited to high traffic areas. Longer loops can give carpet a luxuriousappearance.
 
 Berber 
- Berbers have thick yarns and are often distinguished by their 'flecked' appearance, whichis excellent for hiding traffic marks.
 
Cable
- Soft, heavy yarns with lots of twist and a casual look. Good for medium traffic areas, cableis synonymous with comfortable, casual living.
 
 Sisal 
- Twisted synthetic yarns that imitate the hardy, woven grass feel of aboriginal crafts.Tighter than berbers, with a stiff feel, sisals are good for high traffic areas and come in solid andfleck tones.

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well done... throughly researched i see... keep it up
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