IPv6(Source: Cisco Network Professional's AdvancedInternetworkingGuide, Sybex)
With the IPv6, the header and address structure was completely overhauled and many features thatwere add-ons or afterthoughts in IPv4 are now standard. One such feature is IPSec for end-to-endsecurity. Another is mobility, which allows a device to roam from one network to another withoutdropping connections.
the header in an IPv6 packet removed half of fields and aligned the fields to 64 bits, whichallows processing and lookups to occur faster. Much of the information in the IPv4 headerthat was taken out in IPv6 can still be provided in optional extension headers .
The bigger address space allows more levels of hierarchy inside the address space, as well asflexible address architecture. It also allows for efficient and scalable routing because theaddresses can be aggregated more effectively.
broader use of multicast communication, which will increase efficiency of networks becausethe communications can be more specific .
new type called
: communication that allows an address to be placed on more thanone device. When traffic is sent to that address, it is routed to the nearest host with thatcommon address.
The second octet contains the lifetime flag and the scope of the address. There doesn’thave to be a time to live (TTL) for the address any more because with IPv6 it is defined inthe address. The first 4 bits of the second octet defines the lifetime and is either a 0 for apermanent address or a 1 for a temporary multicast address. The last 4 bits of the secondoctet defines the scope of the address.
device’s ability to automatically address itself, called
, and thenthe other type of autoconfiguration, known as
. Stateful autoconfiguration uses aDHCP server and is very similar to what you might be used to with IPv4 configuration.