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Effect of Natural Light Glare on Passive Designin Malaysian Government Office Building

Effect of Natural Light Glare on Passive Designin Malaysian Government Office Building

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Published by: Boonsap Witchayangkoon on Nov 22, 2012
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02/15/2014

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*Corresponding author (Fadli Arabi). Tel/Fax: +60-16361245. E-mail addresses:
fadli@jkr.gov.my,fadli7524@gmail.com
. 2012. American Transactions on Engineering &Applied Sciences. Volume 1 No.4 ISSN 2229-1652 eISSN 2229-1660 Online Availableathttp://TuEngr.com/ATEAS/V01/393-404.pdf  
 
393
American Transactions onEngineering & Applied Sciences
http://TuEngr.com/ATEAS,http://Get.to/Research 
Effect of Natural Light Glare on Passive Designin Malaysian Government Office Building
Fadli Arabi
a*
, Elina Mohd Husini
a
, Mohd Zin Kandar
a
 
a
 
 Department of Research and Post Graduate Study, Faculty of Built Environment, Universiti Teknologi Malaysia, Skudai, Johor Bahru, Johor, MALAYSIA
 
A R T I C L E I N F O
 
A B S T RA C T
 Article history
:Received April 15, 2012Received in revised formSeptember 16, 2012Accepted October 04, 2012Available online October 06, 2012
Keywords
:Passive Design StrategiesDaylight;Visual Comfort;Glare Discomfort;Window Opening
. 
Starting in 2009 the government of Malaysia has stipulatedthat all government offices building to be incorporated withsustainable design features. However, the questions on the design stillponders and requires a research especially in the adoption of passivedesign strategies whether they have met the occupant visual comfortand taken all the consideration on the penetration of daylight.Qualitative survey has been conducted on the occupant’s perceptiontoward visual comfort in selected working space and by usingDAYSIM simulation to obtain an explicit comparison on the effect of glare inside the room to verify the survey analysis done earlier.Finding from the survey showed that 61.2% of the respondents agreedthat there is glare from the windows of the office and 52.2%respondent agreed that internal shading reduced the discomfort glarefrom the windows. The research will be useful as basicrecommendation on the indoor comfort environment especially for theoccupant visual comfort in designing a government office building.
2012 American Transactions on Engineering & Applied Sciences.2012 Ameri
 
can Transactions on Engineering & Applied Sciences.
 
394
Fadli Arabi, Elina Mohd Husini, and Mohd Zin Kandar
1.
 
Introduction
 
Since the launched of the Green Technology Policy on 24 July 2009, the government of Malaysia has and will introduce several plans and roadmaps such as the Energy Efficiency MasterPlan, The Renewal Energy Policy Action Plan and Green Technology. Through this, it is a task tothe designer especially to the architect who always known to be the lead designer in every buildingproject in this country to archive the objective and able to produce a sustainable building. In orderto support the Green Technology Policy, under the 10
th
Malaysia Plan, the government of Malaysiahas stipulated that all new government office building be incorporated with sustainable designfeatures such as energy efficiency and renewal energy. Indirectly, the awareness of the designerespecially among of the architects in the public sector to the needs and interests of daylight inbuildings is growing. Observation shown that most of the designers such as the architect in thepublic sector will choose a simple rule design and their past experience to determine the method indesigning a building (Reinhart & Fitz, 2006; Ibrahim & Zain-Ahmed, 2006). One of the commonmethods is by using passive design strategies, which is known to be the fastest and easiest way forthe architect to archive daylit office. This was known as a simple rule of thumb for the architect todesign a daylit office (Ibrahim. & Kosman 2007).There is very significant relation between archiving energy efficiency building and daylitoffice building (Lam and Li 1996). Daylight contribute to a good indoor environment, permittingnatural light into the building giving occupant fell pleasant and at the same time given the view tothe outside thought the window opening. The optimum use daylight in an office building willreduce the use of artificial light and at the same time produce energy efficient in the office building.In reality, it will not be a simple task to the designer especially architect, although successfularchitect designing a building that is said to optimize energy efficiency with the use of natural lightthrough the application of passive design strategy, but some question pounding and need to haveresearch. According to Piccolo. & Simone (2009), excessive daylight levels in interiors, however,do not always correspond to optimum visual conditions as they could produce an excessiveluminance range in the visual field with high risk of unwanted glare effects. The question occurwhether the design on the government office building in Malaysia has met the occupant visualcomfort criteria or does the adoption of passive design strategies such as building orientation,window size and internal control window system such as blind has taken all the consideration on
 
*Corresponding author (Fadli Arabi). Tel/Fax: +60-16361245. E-mail addresses:
fadli@jkr.gov.my,fadli7524@gmail.com
. 2012. American Transactions on Engineering &Applied Sciences. Volume 1 No.4 ISSN 2229-1652 eISSN 2229-1660 Online Availableathttp://TuEngr.com/ATEAS/V01/393-404.pdf  
 
395the penetration of natural light into the building without compromising the outside view and visualcomfort to the occupant in the office building.This paper studies on quantitative and qualitaitve method that can be recommended to thearchitect in public sector to identifiy glare problem in government office building in designingenergy efficiency office building throught passive design strategy and to compare the finding witha result from survey done at the existing government office building.
Table 1:
Daylight Factor and Distribution (Malaysia Standard (M.S) 1525 2007).Zone DF % DistributionVery BrightBrightAverangeDark 63 – 61 – 30 - 1Very large with thermal and glare problem.Good.Fair.Poor.
Note :
The figures are average daylight factor for windows without glazing.
Table 2:
Performance indicator on the daylight quality, Dubois (2001).Performance indicator InterpretationWORK PLANE ILLUMINANCE< 100 lx100-300 lx300-500 lx> 500 lxToo dark for paper and computer work Too dark for paper work / acceptable for computer work Ideal for paper work / ideal for computer work Ideal for paper work / too bright for computer work ABSOLUTE LUMINANCE> 2000 cd/m
2
 > 1000 cd/m
2
 < 500 cd/m
2
 < 30 cd/m
2
 Too bright, anywhere in the roomToo bright, in the visual fieldPreferableUnacceptably dark DAYLIGHT FACTOR< 1 %1-2 %2-5 %> 5 %Unacceptably dark, negligible potential for daylightutilizationAcceptable, small potential for daylight utilizationPreferable, large potential for daylight utilizationIdeal for paper work, too bright for computer work,total daylight autonomy

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