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Newsletter Academy d'Avignon n.39

Newsletter Academy d'Avignon n.39

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Published by Maura Albanesi
It's a newsletter about SME.
It's a newsletter about SME.

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Published by: Maura Albanesi on Nov 22, 2012
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11/22/2012

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NEWSLETTER
JUNE 2012/N.39
 
1.
 
Effectiveness and Efficiency of SME Innovation Policy 
MAIN CONTENTS IN THIS ISSUE
 
2.
 
Normes en ressources humaines et responsabilité sociale des entreprises 3.
 
L'hyper-croissance dans la PME : de l'hyper performance à l'hyper fragilité 4.
 
FDI in Business Services has general TFP effects: evidence from Italy 5.
 
Beyond the leaky pipeline – Challenges for research on gender and science 
EFFECTIVENESS AND EFFICIENCY OF SME INNOVATION POLICY
 
Author(s): 
 
Foreman-Peck JamesCardiff Business School ).
 
Summary (EN)
This paper assesses UK innovation policy impact on a large, population weighted, sample of both service andmanufacturing SMEs. By focussing on self-reported innovation the study achieves a wider coverage of theeffects of SME innovation policy than possible with more traditional indicators. Propensity score matchingindicates that SMEs receiving UK state support for innovation were more likely to innovate than unsupportedcomparable enterprises. Innovating enterprises are shown to have grown significantly faster over the years2002-4 when other growth influences are appropriately controlled. Combining these two results and comparingthe outlays on SME innovation policy with the estimated effects suggests that policy was efficient as well aseffective. There is evidence that SME tax credits were expensive compared with earlier support instruments.But the overall high returns estimated suggest that, even in times of public spending cuts, persisting with SMEinnovation policy would be prudent.
NORMES EN RESSOURCES HUMAINES ET RESPONSABILITÉ SOCIALEDES ENTREPRISES
 
Author(s): 
 
 
Summary 
 
(F)
 
OBSERVATORY ON EUROPEANRESEARCH FOR CRAFTS AND SMEs
Issued by Academy Avignon of Crafts and SMEs in Europe
The Observatory on the European Research for Crafts and SMEs
 was set up by the Academy Avignon of Crafts andSMEs in Europe, based in Brussels. Its mission is to monitor the results of research on Craft and SMEs carried out in Europeby several bodies e.g. research centres, universities, the EC agencies. The Observatory diffuses the results to Crafts andSME organizations and the other relevant stakeholders.
 
L'extension de la normalisation à la gestion des Ressources Humaines et à la Responsabilité Sociale desEntreprises s'accélère avec simultanément la multiplication des référentiels normatifs produits etl'internationalisation des entreprises. Deux principaux types de normes existent. Les normes juridiques sontfondées essentiellement sur le droit national et international. Les normes techniques sont issues d'organismesdont la finalité est de produire des référentiels non juridiques et de la promouvoir auprès plus grand nombrepossible d'organisations. Dans le cadre des RH et de la RSE, il existe plus de 130 normes techniques. Lesthématiques abordées sont aussi variées que la définition de la RSE, les méthodes de reporting ou la maîtrise desrisques professionnels dans l'industrie du jouet en Asie. Malgré cette multiplication des normes, les champs dela RH et de la RSE ne sont pas couverts mais les redondances sont nombreuses. Pour certaines d'entre-elles, ladiffusion devient si forte qu'elle pose la question de la légitimité à étendre des pratiques, des valeurs, desconcepts dont l'universalité est loin d'être acquise ou même reconnue.
L'HYPER-CROISSANCE DANS LA PME : DE L'HYPER PERFORMANCE ÀL'HYPER FRAGILITÉ
 
Author(s): 
 
Christine Teyssier, Joy Courault and Muriel Perez(COACTIS - Université Lumière - Lyon II 
 
) 
Summary 
 
(F)
L'hyper-croissance est un phénomène perturbateur pour la PME : les exigences de rentabilité sont fortes et leséquilibres financiers sont fragiles. Malgré les potentiels de croissance, les sources de défaillance sontnombreuses. Une analyse comparative d'indicateurs financiers nous permet de mettre en évidence desdifférences significatives entre les PME en hyper-croissance défaillantes et les PME en hyper-croissancepérennes. Les premières se développent plus vite, mais elles sont moins rentables, dégagent des marges plusfaibles et sont plus faiblement capitalisées. Les authors discutent des résultats obtenus en les situant dans lecadre plus général des recherches sur les liens entre la croissance de l'entreprise et le slack de ressourcesfinancières.
FDI IN BUSINESS SERVICES HAS GENERAL TFP EFFECTS: EVIDENCEFROM ITALY
Author(s): 
 
M. Armenise, G. Giovannetti e G. Santoni(Fondazione Masi) 
Summary (EN)
This paper studies the effect of FDI in business services on Total Factor Productivity of Italianmanufacturinging firms, over the period 2003-2008. More precisely, the paper tests the impact of forward interindustry linkages at local level. The results, robust to different specifications, show that foreign capital inowsimprove the performance of domestic manufacturing firms. This relationship is particularly strong in the caseof high tech sectors, such as mechanics and machinery. Traditional sectors, on the other hand, seem to be lesssensitive to the availability of foreign business services in the same location.
 
BEYOND THE LEAKY PIPELINE – CHALLENGES FOR RESEARCH ONGENDER AND SCIENCE
Author(s): 
 Maria Caprile, Danièle Meulders, Sîle O'Dorchai, Nuria Vallès(IBW and CIREM)
 
Summary (EN)
This special issue on gender and science, brings together 10 articles that present some of the results of the study‘Meta-analysis of gender and science research’ and its final conference ‘Beyond the leaky pipeline: Challengesfor research on gender and science’, held in Brussels in October 2010. The ‘meta-analysis’ study was a project of the 7th RTD Framework Programme of the European Union, coordinated by Maria Caprile at the CIREMFoundation. Its main objective was to carry out a comprehensive analysis of the last thirty years of Europeanresearch on horizontal and vertical gender segregation in science with a view to steering policy-making and todefining future research priorities in this field. For the purposes of the study, ‘science’ was understood in itsbroadest meaning, including social sciences and humanities as well as research and technological development.Link
Newspapers:
 
By European CommissionSmall and medium sized companies in the euro zone are struggling to get bank funding, with banksincreasingly turning down loan applications. The results of a new European Central Bank (ECB) survey show,that access to bank loans continued to deteriorate.
 
5/05/2012
,
il Sole24Ore
By Giuseppe ChiellinoLa preoccupazione è che, proprio mentre la Commissione è impegnata a individuare misure per far ripartirel'economia reale, la nuova direttiva (Capital requirement directive) che recepisce le regole prudenziali di Basilea3, produca «un effetto negativo sull'economia e in particolare sulle Pmi». Barnier e Tajani chiedono che laquestione sia analizzata non solo da un punto di vista «micro-economico sulla probabilità di default delle Pmi»,ma anche dal punto di vista macro, per verificare «l'esistenza o meno di un effetto sistemico del rischio Pmi»Giuseppe Chiellino
Events:
Cloud Computing Summit 2012
Il
19 giugno
2012 a
Milano
,

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