Based on CBSE, ICSE & GCSE Syllabus
Number System(i) Knowing our Numbers: Integers
• Multiplication and division of integers(through patterns). Division by zero ismeaningless• Properties of integers (including identitiesfor addition & multiplication,
) through patterns.These would include examples from wholenumbers as well. Involve expressingcommutative and associative properties ina general form. Construction of counter-examples, including some by children.Counter examples like subtraction is notcommutative.• Word problems including integers (alloperations).
(ii) Fractions and rational numbers:
• Multiplication of fractions• Fraction as an operator • Reciprocal of a fraction• Division of fractions• Word problems involving mixed fractions• Introduction to rational numbers (withrepresentation on number line)• Operations on rational numbers (alloperations)• Representation of rational number as adecimal.• Word problems on rational numbers (alloperations)• Multiplication and division of decimalfractions• Conversion of units (lengths & mass)• Word problems (including all operations)
• Exponents (only natural numbers.)• Laws of exponents (through observingpatterns to arrive at generalization.)i.
• Generate algebraic expressions (simple)involving one or two variables• Identifying constants, coefficient, powers• Like and unlike terms, degree of expressions e.g.
3number of variables
Addition, subtraction of algebraicexpressions (coefficients should beintegers).
Simple linear equations in one variable (incontextual problems) with two operations(avoid complicated coefficients).
Ratio and Proportion
• Ratio and proportion (revision)• Unitary method continued consolidation,general expression.• Percentage- an introduction.• Understanding percentage as a fraction withdenominator 100• Converting fractions and decimals intopercentage and vice-versa.• Application to profit & loss (single transactiononly)• Application to simple interest (time periodin complete years)