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Channel Bandwidth

Channel Bandwidth

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Published by Ashu Garg

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Published by: Ashu Garg on Nov 23, 2012
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12/04/2012

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TERM PAPER
CHANNEL BANDWIDTH 
Submitted By: Submitted to:Nilesh Gupta Mr. Mohit Verma10900147A25
What is Bandwidth?Bandwidth
is the difference between the upper and lower frequencies in a continuous set of frequencies. It is typically measured in hertz, and may sometimes refer to passband bandwidth,sometimes to baseband bandwidth, depending on context. Rate at which electronic signals cantravel through a medium such as a wire, cable, orchannelis called bandwidth. Bandwidth maybe thought of as the width of the 'pipe' through whichdatatravels:greater the width, larger the amountof data that canflowthrough it. Technically, it means the difference between two frequencies. In analog transmission bandwidth is measured incycles per second (or Hertz). Indigitaltransmissionbandwidth is measured in bits per second (BPS). Forthe same amount of data, digital transmission requiresmore bandwidth than the analog transmission, anddifferenttypesof data require very differentbandwidths. For example, full motionvideonormallyrequires about 10millionbits per second (10 Mbps)bandwidth which is sufficient to carry 1,200simultaneous telephone conversations. A keycharacteristic of bandwidth is that a band of a givenwidth can carry the same amount of information, regardless of where that band is located. For example,a 3 kHz band can carry a telephone conversationwhether that band is at baseband ormodulatedtosome higher frequency.Bandwidth is a key concept in many telephony applications. In radio communications, forexample, bandwidth is the frequency range occupied by amodulatedcarrier wave,whereas in opticsit is the width of an individual spectral line or the entirespectral range. 
 
For different applications there are different precise definitions. For example, one definition of bandwidth could be the range of frequencies beyond which thefrequency functionis zero. Thiswould correspond to the mathematical notion of thesupportof a functionBandwidth typically refers to baseband bandwidth in the context of, for example,samplingtheoremand Nyquist sampling rate, while it refers to passband bandwidth in the context of Nyquist symbol rate orShannon-Hartleychannel capacityfor communication systems.
SIGNAL BANDWIDTH
- We can divide signal into two categories:-The
pure tone
signal consisting of one frequency signal for example: a sin wave of bandwidth1 kHz, as shown below.The
complex signal
composed of several different frequencies for example a square wave canbe generated by adding two or more sine waves of various frequencies, as shown below:

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