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Gsm Terminating Call Flow

Gsm Terminating Call Flow

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Published by Mohamed Ali

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Published by: Mohamed Ali on Nov 23, 2012
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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12/04/2012

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GSM Mobile Termining Call Flow (GSM Mobile Terminated Call)
HighwayMarylandGSMFixedNetworkGSM MobilesMaryland Location AreaMaryland GSMEquipmentGSM CommonEquipmentPSTNGSMMobileOther GSMMobileRockvilleCellBethesdaCellMarylandBSCMarylandMSC VLRHLRGMSCPSTN
EventHelix.com/EventStudio 2.5
31-Aug-04 22:15 (Page 1)
How does a GSM mobile phone receive a call?We have already seen that GSM mobiles keep the GSM network informed about their current location area. The knowledge of the location areais not adequate for setting up a terminating call as the location area might spawn several cells.In this call flow we will look at how a terminating call is handled in GSM. Setting up a terminating call is a two step process. (1) Interrogationprocedure to locate the subscriber (2) Actual call setup after the subscriber has been located.http://www.EventHelix.com/RealtimeMantra/Telecom/GSM_network_example.htmCopyright © 2000-2004 EventHelix.com Inc. All Rights Reserved.Interrogation procedureISUP INITIAL ADDRESS MESSAGE
MSISDN
A PSTN subscriber calls themobile phone by dialing theGSM phone number (MSISDN).The PSTN will use the MSISDNto locate the GMSC (GatewayMobile Switching Center) for theservice provider. Once theGMSC has been identified, thePSTN sends the ISUP InitialAddress Message to the GMSC.MAP/C SEND ROUTING INFORMATION
MSISDN
The GMSC requests routinginformation for the GSMsubscriber from the HLR (HomeLocation Register).
Obtain the SS7 address ofthe MSC VLR currentlyserving the specifiedMSISDN
The HLR uses the dialed numberto locate the HLR entry for thesubscriber. The SS7 address forthe MSC VLR serving thesubscriber is obtained from thisrecord. (Recall that the SS7address of the serving MSC VLRwas updated via an inter VLRlocation update.)MAP/D PROVIDE ROAMING NUMBER
IMSI
The HLR has identified that thesubscriber is currently beingserved by the Maryland MSCVLR. The HLR then asks theMSC VLR to assign a temporaryroaming phone number to thesubscriber.
allocate
MSRN
The Maryland MSC VLRallocates a temporary roamingphone number (MSRN -MobileStation Roaming Number)MAP/D PROVIDE ROAMING NUMBER RESULT
MSRN
The MSRN is then passed to theHLR.MAP/C SEND ROUTING INFORMATION RESULT
MSRN
HLR passes the MSRN to theGMSC.ISUP INITIAL ADDRESS MESSAGE
MSRN
The GMSC uses the MSRN toroute the call to the MarylandMSC VLR.
free
MSRN
The Maryland MSC VLR receivesthe call. At this point, the MSRNis marked free and may bereassigned for other calls. (This
 
GSM Mobile Termining Call Flow (GSM Mobile Terminated Call)
HighwayMarylandGSMFixedNetworkGSM MobilesMaryland Location AreaMaryland GSMEquipmentGSM CommonEquipmentPSTNGSMMobileOther GSMMobileRockvilleCellBethesdaCellMarylandBSCMarylandMSC VLRHLRGMSCPSTN
EventHelix.com/EventStudio 2.5
31-Aug-04 22:15 (Page 2)
is implementation dependent.)BSSMAP PAGING
TMSI
Now the MSC VLR needs tolocate the subscriber in thelocation area. Since the locationarea might spawn several cells,a paging mechanism is used tolocate the subscriber. The MSCVLR uses a TMSI (TemporaryMobile Subscriber Identify) toaddress the mobile phone. TheTMSI is used so as to protectthe privacy of the calledsubscriber. Note that, theBSSMAP PAGING message willbe sent to all the BSCs thathandle the Maryland LocationArea.RR PAGING REQUEST TYPE 3
TMSI
The Maryland BSC receives thepage message. The BSC willsend the Page message to allthe cells that serve thesubscriber's location area.RR PAGING REQUEST TYPE 3
TMSI
All cells in the location area willbroadcast the Page message onthe Paging Channel (PCH). Allmobile phones listen to thischannel every few seconds. Themobile is located in the Bethedacell. It receives this pagemessage.RR CHANNEL REQUEST
RACH
The mobile finds that the TMSIspecified in the page messagematches its own TMSI. Themobile decides to respond to thepage. An RR connectionestablishment is initiated bysending a channel request to thenetwork.RR CHANNEL REQUEST
RACH
RR IMMEDIATE ASSIGNMENT
AGCH
The network assigns a channelto the terminal and sends theassignment and time/frequencycorrections in the immediateassignment message.RR IMMEDIATE ASSIGNMENT
AGCH
RR SABM + RR PAGING RESPONSEThe mobile tunes to theassigned channel and transmitsthe page response and theSABM to initiate the RR session.RR SABM + RR PAGING RESPONSESCCP CONNECTION REQUEST + RR PAGING RESPONSEThe BSC sends a SCCPconnection request to the MSCVLR. The page responsemessage is piggy backed withthe request.
 
GSM Mobile Termining Call Flow (GSM Mobile Terminated Call)
HighwayMarylandGSMFixedNetworkGSM MobilesMaryland Location AreaMaryland GSMEquipmentGSM CommonEquipmentPSTNGSMMobileOther GSMMobileRockvilleCellBethesdaCellMarylandBSCMarylandMSC VLRHLRGMSCPSTN
EventHelix.com/EventStudio 2.5
31-Aug-04 22:15 (Page 3)
RR UAThe BSC acknowledges theSABM to establish the RRconnection. Note that UAmessages are used in the entiresession for acknowledgingpackets. They will be omittedhere for clarity.RR UAEnable CipheringBSSMAP CIPHER MODE COMMANDThe MSC initiates ciphering ofthe data being sent on thechannel.RR CIPHERING MODE COMMAND
mode = CLEAR
The BSC sends the CIPHERINGMODE COMMAND to the mobile.RR CIPHERING MODE COMPLETE
mode = CIPHERED
Ciphering has already beenenabled, so this message istransmitted with ciphering.BSSMAP CIPHER MODE COMPLETEBSC replies back to the MSC,indicating that ciphering hasbeen successfully enabled.Call setupCC SETUPThe MSC VLR receives the pageresponse and sends a call setupto the mobile.CC CALL CONFIRMEDThe mobile acknowledges thereceipt of the setup by sendingthe call confirmed message.RingRing the subscriber.CC ALERTINGThe mobile notifies the MSC thatthe subscriber is being alerted.ISUP ADDRESS COMPLETE MESSAGEThe MSC receives the alertindication and sends an ISUPaddress complete message tothe GMSC.ISUP ADDRESS COMPLETE MESSAGEThe GMSC sends the addresscomplete to the PSTN switch.OK ButtonThe subscriber answers the callby hitting the "OK" button.CC CONNECTNotify the MSC that thesubscriber has answered thecall.ISUP ANSWERISUP ANSWERThe call has now entered theconversation phase.Conversation phaseCall Release
LEG: Mobile initiates callrelease
End ButtonThe mobile subscriber hits Endto clear the call.

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