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History of Bidayuh of Kuching Division

History of Bidayuh of Kuching Division

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Published by: Building Initiatives in Indigenous Heritage on Jan 27, 2009
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03/31/2015

 
VI)JagoiSettlement
(a)HistoricalBackgroundlegendrelatedbythelateTemenggongDatukSalauakJambang,awarrior(Panglima)ofBungBratakbythenameofMakabanghadadream.Inthedream,hesawonewildboarinthemidstofthedomesticpigs.HealsosawoneseaturtleswimmingatthePangkalanBratak.Tohim,itwasanunusualbaddream.AsaPanglima,heBidayuhJagoioriginallymigratedfromBungBratakandtheymovedovertoGunungJagoiduetobadomenasdetailedinthelegendofthemigrationofBijagoibelow.However,therewasanotherversionwhichmentionedthatsomeBidayuhsundertheleadershipofBarimovedfromRabakMikabuh,PenrissentoPayaPaisnearthepresentPangkalanEntabangandsomeyearslatertheywenttoBungJagoiwheretheysettleddownthere.GunungJagoi,whichis1,162feetabovesealevel,isthereforecomparativelyanewsettlementwhencomparedtoBratak,SingaiandSerembusettlements.TheBidayuhswhoarestayingaroundGunungJagoicallthemselves"Bijagoi"andtoday,theBijagoipopulationhasnotonlymultipliedtremendouslyinBauDustrictbutalsohasspreadovertoJagoiBabanginKalimantanBarat,IndonesiaandLundudistrict.(b)LegendoftheMigrationofBijagoi.Onenight,accordingtoa
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calledupthepeopleforameetingduringwhichherelatedhisdreamandinterpretedit.Hesaid,"KampungBratakwillbeattackedbytwogroupsofpeoplefromdownriver.Wehavetomoveelsewhereinordertosaveourlivesandproperty".Mostpeopleinthevillagehardlybelievedtheinterpretationofhisdream.Intheend,hemovedawaytogetherwithhisfamiliesandcloserelativestoanothermountainknownasGunungJagoisometimesinearly1838.AfewmonthsafterPanglimaMakabangleftBungBratak,hisdreamcametrue.BungBratakwasattackedandburntdownbytheintrudersfromSimanggang(SriAman)on1-5-1838.Meanwhile,PanglimaMakabangandhisgroupsettleddownatthefootofGunungJagoi.TheybuiltavillagewhichwasknownasKampungTembawangJagoiandplantedmanyfruittreesaroundtheKampung.Ayearlater,theKampungwasburntdownbyfireoriginated,asitwassuspected,fromthehouseownedbyawomancalledSakup.WhiletheJagoiBidayuhswerebuildingtheirtemporarylonghouseattheburntsite,onegroupledbyPanglimaMakabangmovedfurtherupthemountainandtwoothergroupsmovedoutinstagestonewplacestolookforfarmingland/PlamanandeventuallybuiltnewsettlementsatSerasotandBogak.(c)VisittoGunungJagoi
190
AtripwasarrangedtovisitKampungJagoiGunungon28-4-1986.ThepartyincludingtheauthorwhowasthentheDistrictOfficerofBau,GovernmentOfficersandPenghuluEdwardSibonwerewarmlywelcomedinatraditionalwaybyTuaKampungUrenak.Tapakandthevillagers.ThemainpurposeofthevisitwasinconnectionwiththeimplementationofageneratorprojectcostingRM3,000.00inthevillage.ThetrekfromKampungDuyuhtoGunungJagoitookaboutoneandhalfhoursonfoot.PanglimaMakabangandhisgroupwerewisetoselectGunungJagoiforthesettlementbecausethemountainisverysteepandsituatedinastrategiclocation.ItislikeafortwhichcanprotecttheKampungpeopleagainstanypossibleenemyattack.Wewentupto"thestation"(thepeakofGunungJagoi)andwecouldseeKuchingInternationalAirportandKuchingCityfromthedistance
-
abeautifulandfascinatingsight.Intheoldendays"thestation"wasan"observationtower"againstintruderswhomightattackthesettlement.(d)MovementoftheKampungsinTaeoiArea(1)JagoiGunungSettlementAfterKampungTembawangJagoiwasburntdownin1840,tl}eplacewasknownasTembawangSauhJagoi.TheBijagoiofthe"BurnedTembawang"wasdividedintothreegroupsformigration.OnegroupledbyMakabangmovedfurtherupthemountainandbuiltanewvillageataplacecalledTembawangTibodakwheretheystayedforquitesometime.However,atthelaterstagethevillagersmovedfurtherupuntiltheyreachedthepeakofGunungJagoiwheretheyfoundtheplacewassaferfordefencepurpose.Hence,theysettleddownthereandcreatedanewvillageknownasKampungJagoiGunungsometimein1842.TheymadeafewlonghousesandaBaruksothattheycouldcontinuetopractiseoldpaganAdats.In1845,whenSirHughLowvisitedUpperSarawak,hevisitedKampungJagoiGunung.HesaidthatKampungJagoiGunungconsistedof60housesbuiltinafewrows.AfterKampungJagoiGunungwasestablished
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fornearly160years,thevillagestillexistsbutwithonly36housesandapopulationof73basedon2000census.MostofthevillagershavebeenconvertedtoRomanCatholicChristianitywithonly9paganfamiliesleftinthevillage.ThepresentheadmanisOdekaakDiropappointedon17-4-1989.(2)KampungSerasotSettlement(i)KampungSerasotSometimein1850,thesecondgroupconsistingof18familiesledbyKubehandKumbangmovedawayfromTembawangSauhJagoi.Theywentovertoaplacewherethereweremany"Serasot"trees.TheysettleddownthereandcalledthenewplaceKampungSeraso1.Theybuiltindividualhousestoaccommodatethe18families.KubehwasappointedasthefirstOrangKaya(TuaKampung)ofKampungSerasotin1855bytheBrookeAuthority,followedbyKumbang,Kitong,Koja,Munjew,Tarekandthepresentheadman,NyotikakMoseng,whowasappointedon1-7-1980.In1955,aprimaryschoolknownasS1.LeoPrimarySchoolwasestablishedbyRomanCatholicMissioninKampungSeraso1.In1965,therewere2familiesheadedbyMunjawakKanandAjlisakGoimwereconvertedtoRomanCatholicChristianityandanAttapchapelknownasS1.Leo'sR.c.Churchwasbuiltinthevillagein1966.In1986,anewbuildingforS1.Leo'sRomanCatholicChurchwasconstructedtoreplacetheoldAttapchapel.AGovernmentClinicwasestablishedinthevillagein1975.Basedon2000census,therewere241and705peoplestayingatKampungSeraso1.(ii)KampungSkibangAftertheestablishmentofKampungSerasot,thepopulationincreasedandtherewasashortageoffarminglandaroundthevillage.AccordingtoEx-TuaKampungNoyemakAtewwhobecametheheadmanofKampungSkibangfrom1986to1998,agroupof3familiesledbyKowangleftKampungSerasotin1900.TheymovedovertoaplacecalledKampungSimatangwheretheystayedforawhile.Becauseofbadomen,theyshiftedtoaplacewheretheyformedanewvillagecalledKampungSidunuk.In1910,duetotheoutbreakofcholerainthevillage,agroupmovedovertoSkibangwheretheybuiltanewsettlementcalledKampungSkibangandtheymadea5-doorlonghousethere.AnothergroupmigratedovertoLunduDistrictwheretheyjoinedtheStungkor
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