Are there any cross-over points between the biocentric and anthropocentric positions?Discuss with reference to formulating anenvironmental ethic.
Ashley Hibbert - August 2000“When asking for help, appeal to people’s self interest, never to their mercy or gratitude.” (Greene and Elffers 1998)The environmental ethic that I propose combines the ethos of the anthropocentric viewwith the hoped practical outcome of the biocentric view. What I propose relies on a seriesof premises, outlined here.We are not unique in our desire to consume our resources, and that desire is notlimited by sustainability issues.Human reasoning is over-rated. We are emotionally-driven creatures. And other primates, mammals in particular, have much the same - if not more - capacity for intelligence.We are all motivated by hedonism - referred to in the following essay as Egoism,or pro-hedonism. However, in embracing, or surrendering, or admitting to such a selfishvalue system is not necessarily a precursor to the death of all that we hold valuable. It is infact the key to the salvation of those things we value. It is not our cross but our salvation.This implies that we
project our own values, broadly speaking, on the rest of the animal kingdom. Not because they are like us but that we are like them.Any environmental ethic - any ethic at all in fact - is simply an institutionalising of practices, and a rationalisation for what we
to do. Environmental ethics is then just ameans of making ourselves feel better.Environment is merely the physical context within the earth. It is not inherentlyvaluable. What we construct
becomes part of the environment. The distinctions