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Dampak dan Teknologi Informasi

Dampak dan Teknologi Informasi

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Published by ang9a
note: pertekom
note: pertekom

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Published by: ang9a on Jan 27, 2009
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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04/20/2013

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@dmrdi Raxiamhdgndg Paigecenk Kglexmdzkpaxfd`dr Iemqgkpdz KP `k Kg`egazkd
Iemqgkpdz haxdzdc `dxk hdfdzd Cdpkg jemmqgkpdz {dgn haxdxpk(iazdmddg(# iamq`kdg `drdp `kpqxqgidg `dxk jemmqgkz {dgn haxdxpk(zdmd# rqhcki# `khdnk ecaf zamqd dpdq hdg{di(Fdc cdkg {dgn hkzd `k`drdp `dxk iemqgkpdz d`dcdf magdmhdf ragnapdfqdg`dxk zfdxkgn%haxhdnk kcmq# {dgn pagpqg{d haxfqhqgndg `agndg iemqgkpdz{dgn paxhagpqi# zamkzdc iemqgkpdz mepex pagpqg{d rdxd dgnnepdg{dzfdxkgn kcmq pagpdgn ia-mepex-dg# iemqgkpdz KP haxhdnk kcmq pagpdgnraxiamhdgndg KP `dg zapaxqzg{d' (@dmrdi( cdkg {dgn hkzd pkmhqc `dxkhax-iemqgkpdz d`dg{d ragdmhdfdg lkgdzkdc# mkzdcg{d ragd~dxdg rxe{ai#iaxoddg# dpdq fdc cdkgg{d'Drdrqg `alkgkzkg{d# iemqgkpdz fdxqz mamkckik zkldp kgpaxdizk &
pfa gdpqxa el kgpaxdjpkeg
+' [dkpq kgpaxdizk {dgn kglexmdc `dg zregpdg fdxqz cahkf hdg{di`dxk {dgn kgpaxdizk {dgn rxeja`qxdcc{ lexmdcka` &zaraxpk `dcdm hkxeixdzk+#zaxpd mamkckik exkagpdzk {dgn oacdz &
nedc-exkagpa` 
+' Iadgnnepddg zahqdfiemqgkpdz paxhagpqi cahkf idxagd d`dg{d zpxqipqx {dgn dcdmkdf &
pknfp-igkp ~ah-ckia zpxqjpqxa
+9 cahkf `dxk zpxqipqx {dgn fkaxdxifkz' Jkxk qpdmd zahqdfiemqgkpdz d`dcdf d`dg{d iafdxmegkzdg# andckpdxkdg# zaxpd zkidr zdckgnhaxhdnk gkcdk `dg iafk`qrdg' Jegpef `dxk iemqgkpdz d`dcdf iafk`qrdgrd`d `azd-`azd `k axd rxd me`axg'Iagdrd iemqgkpdz hankpq ragpkgn5 Idxagd
–'''' jemmqgkp{ rxe|k`azfqmdg hakgnz ~kpf pfa qgkl{kgn madgz el aca|dpkgn pfa `kngkp{ el adjf raxzeg# rxe|k`kgn lex pfa gaa`z dg` dzrkxdpkegz el dcc kg d nxeqr# `ekgn pfkzkg fdxmeg{ ~kpf pfa gdpqxdc ag|kxegmagp# dg` mdikgn rezzkhca pfajemmqgkjdpkeg dg` kgpaxdjpkeg hap~aag epfax zejkdc dg` reckpkjdc nxeqrz
”'Hankpq hazdx raxdg iemqkpdz# idxagd kd `drdp magod`k xarxazagpdpkl iahqpqfdg kg`k|k`q-kg`k|k`q `k `dcdmg{d# `drdp magjkrpdidg iazacdxdzdg`agndg dcdm# `dg mamqgnikgidg qgpqi haxkgpaxdizk `agndg camhdnd-camhdnd `k cqdxg{d' Zqdpq iemqgkpdz pdi didg `drdp magqpqr `kxkg{dzag`kxk' Kd fdxqz haxkgpaxdizk `dg haxiemqgkidzk `agndg iemqgkpdz cdkg#zajdxd ceidc mdqrqg ncehdc' D`d iapaxidkpdg {dgn iqdp dgpdxd zdpqiemqgkpdz `agndg cdkgg{d'
Iegzar @a~a{ pagpdgn Iemqgkpdz `k Kg`egazkd
@dcdm @amejxdj{ dg` A`qjdpkeg# @a~a{ mackfdp iemqgkpdz paxhdgnqg`dxk kidpdg-kidpdg &jemmegdckpkaz+ {dgn zajdxd xqmkp zdckgn paxidkp macdcqkiemqgkidzk' @a~a{ magndmdpk hdf~d –mdz{dxdidp pk`di paxqz d`d idxagdrag{ahdxdg# idxagd iemqgkidzk# papdrk jqiqr cd{di okid `kidpdidg hdf~dmdz{dxdidp pax~qoq` `dcdm iemqgkidzk” &4;4<# fcm' 0+' Kidpdg-kidpdg#`dcdm hagpqi zaraxk ‖pqoqdg# iaraxjd{ddg# `dg ragnapdfqdg‛ &fcm' 0+#d`dcdf iafdxqzdg hdnk paxhagpqig{d iemqgkpdz# `dg paxhdgnqg macdcqkiemqgkidzk' @dcdm iegzarzk @a~a{# iemqgkidzk `dg jdxd-jdxd `k mdgd
4
 
iemqgkidzk `kcdiqidgg d`dcdf ixqzkdc hdnk ramhagpqidg iemqgkpdz# `dgikpd hkzd mag{kmrqcidg oqnd hdf~d ‖iqdckpdz‛ iemqgkidzk mag{dpq `agndgiqdckpdz iemqgkpdz paxzahqp'Ndndzdg @a~a{ pagpdgn iemqgkpdz oqnd mag{dgniqp rdxpkzkrdzk' Pdpidcdkg`k|k`q-kg`k|k`q haxiaxod zdmd# mamdzqik –dipklkpdz exdgn cdkg`dg–Ymagndmhkc] raxdg `dcdm qrd{d haxzdmd `dg iaxod zdmd” mdid maxaidza`dgn haxrdxpkzkrdzk `dcdm ragnamhdgndg iemqgkpdz' @a~a{ mackfdpiemregag rdxpkzkrdpkl `dcdm iemqgkpdz zahdndk fdc {dgn azagzkdc# –idcdqpk`di# fdc zaraxpk iemqgkpdz magod`k pk`di mqgnikg d`d” &4;4<# fcm' 80+'@a~a{ haxrag`drdp hdf~d raxdg kgpaxdizk pdpdr mqid `dcdmramhagpqidg iemqgkpdz pk`di hkzd `kndgpkidg' Kd magndmdpk hdf~diemqgkpdz# –`dcdm ragnaxpkdg {dgn rdckgn mag`dcdm `dg id{d ' ' ' fdxqzzacdcq mag{dgniqp fqhqgndg pdpdr mqid&4;8># fcm' 844+# `dg kdmagamqidg hdf~d iemqgkpdz ceidc d`dcdf {dgn rdckgn zkngklkidg `kdgpdxd iemqgkpdz-iemqgkpdz cdkg'@k pagndf raxiamhdgndg paigecenk `dg iemqgkidzk haxraxdgpdxd# @a~a{mamhd{dgnidg hdf~d –dikhdp {dgn maxaid Ypaigecenk `dg iemqgkidzkhaxraxdgpdxd] pkmhqcidg paxfd`dr fqhqgndg pdpdr mqid zqgnnqf hazdx`dg paxqz-magaxqz# zafkgnnd pk`di haxcahkfdg qgpqi mag{ahqp d`dg{d‖dmdg hdxq fqhqgndg mdgqzkd'‛ Paxckfdp hdf~d @a~a{ magndgnndr hdf~d iaiqdpdg iemqgkpdz rd`dpkgnidp {dgn rdckgn `dzdx paxcapdi rd`d fqhqgndg kgpaxraxzegdc'Idxagdg{d# ikpd hkzd macdgoqpidg rag`drdp kgk `agndg magndpdidg hdf~dzakxkgn macamdfg{d fqhqgndg &iemqgkidzk+ kgpaxraxzegdc# iamdmrqdgzahqdf iemqgkpdz qgpqi macdgnnagnidg `kxkg{d oqnd haxiqxdgn'@k Kg`egazkd# iemqgkidzk pdpdr mqid cahkf mamkckik –hehep” iemqgkidpkl iapkmhdgn iemqgkidzk haxraxdgpdxd# hdfidg oqnd `k mapxereckpdg Odidxpd{dgn pacdf –paxhdxdpidg” zaidckrqg' Iemqgkidzk pdpdr mqid magod`k odqfcahkf ragpkgn# `dg pdmrdig{d magod`k zdxdgd qpdmd iemqgkidzk' Macdcqkiemqgkidzk pdpdr mqidcdf kgpanxkpdz exdgn `kqok# xdzd raxjd{d `khagpqi#`dg iegpxdi zezkdc `khqdp `dg `krackfdxd' Mazikrqg raxz# paxqpdmd ma`kdjapdi# haxiamhdgn `k zacqxqf Kg`egazkd# raxz pacdf mamkckik fqhqgndg{dgn iqxdgn zaxdzk `agndg rqhcki ramhdjdg{d'YKgpaxdizk pdpdr mqid] d`dcdf magndrd iacqdxnd `dg iafk`qrdghaxpapdgnnd# `agndg zandcd iaiqxdgndgg{d# zacdcq magod`k pamrdpraxzamdkdg# {dgn `agndgg{d zkldp-zkldp paxhagpqi zajdxd zpdhkc `dgndndzdg-ndndzdg `kraxecaf {dgn iamq`kdg magod`k didx `dxk idxdipax&4;8># fcm' 844+Qzdfd-qzdfd {dgn haxmdigd `dcdm fdc ramhdgnqgdg iamhdck iemqgkpdzfdxqzcdf qpdmdg{d haxmqcd `dxk iemqgkpdz-iemqgkpdz kpq zag`kxk `agndgmagnk`agpklkidzk# magndiqk# `dg haxhdnk gkcdk-gkcdk haxzdmd &Rxdze`oe ,
8
 
Zfeamdoa# 8224+' @a~a{ magamqidg hdf~d ramhagpqidg iemqgkpdzfdxqzcdf zajdxd zqid xacd `dg haxcdg`dzidg rd`d gkcdk-gkcdk haxzdmd# `dghqidgg{d –`krdizdidg zajdxd maidgkz&4;6;# fcm' 4>+# Iemqgkpdz-iemqgkpdz” hdxq pacdf paxhagpqi# haxcdg`dzidg rd`d raxzarzk-raxzarkk`agpkpdz iacemrei'Zaidxdgn kgk# iamq`dfdg `dcdm mamraxecaf dizaz Kgpaxgap mag`exegncdfkxg{d haxhdndk iemqgkpdz `qgkd md{d' Zdcdf zdpqg{d d`dcdf iemqgkpdzrdxd ragnnqgd# ramkgdp# `dg rdxd rxelazzkegdc KP' Raxzdmddg mkgdpcdf{dgn mag{dpqidg maxaid `dcdm zdpq iemqgkpdz'Haxmqcd `dxk d`dg{d zdpackp Rdcdrd pdfqg 4;>< `k Kg`egazkd# mdz{dxdidp`drdp haxiemqgkidzk `dg mag`drdpidg kglexmdzk `agndg jdxd jardp `dgmq`df# {dgn mamdgn rd`d `dzdxg{d zdpackp Rdcdrd mamrqg{dk mdglddp`dcdm iemqgkidzk dgpdx pamrdp `k raxmqiddg hqmk# zahdndk pkpki djqdgqgpqi magapdridg ceidzk `k xqdgn dgnidzd# magndmdpk hqmk `dgckgniqgndgg{d# magnqmrqcidg `dg macdrexidg kglexmdzk kcmkdf# zaxpdqgpqi iaraxcqdg rag{kdxdg' @agndg zkzpam `kzpxkhqzk kglexmdzk zdpackp?4'@dxk pkpki ia pkpki &rekgp pe rekgp+9 `dxk zqmhax kglexmdzk ia ragnnqgd8'@kzpxkhqzk &`kzpxkhqpkeg+9 {dfee# MZG# `dg cdkgg{d:'Rag{kdxdg &Hxed`jdzp+Zddp kgk `dmrdig{d d`dcdf mamqgjqcidg d`dg{d zqdpq iemqgkpdz {dgnmagnnqgdidg lqgnzk zdpackp zazqdk iaragpkgndg `dg iahqpqfdg mdzkgn-mdzkgn ragnnqgd'Zacdmd kpq rqcd pdxdl fk`qr zaxpd iahqpqfdg ldzkckpdz {dgn `kraxcqidg hdnkmdz{dxdidp Kg`egazkd zamdikg iemrcaiz `dg haxiamhdgn zazqdkrdxd`knmd mdz{dxdidp `qgkd {dgn za`dgn mamhdgnqg `agndg razdpg{d' Mkzdcg{d zdod iahqpqfdg hdnk ckzpxki mdzqi `azd cdcq haxiamhdgnrazdpg{d zdxdgd pxdgzrexpdzk# pacaiemqgkidzk# dpdq kglexmdzk {dgn pacdf`khqipkidg `agndg `kcqgjqxidgg{d zdpackp Rdcdrd `k dmdg kpq 'Magqxqp Pellcax# 4;62# pknd nacemhdgn raxke`a zaodxdf qmdp mdgqzkd?
Lxkzp ^d|a &6222 ZM - 4>22 ZM+
 Paxod`k Raxqhdfdg jdxd fk`qr mdgqzkd `agndg `kpamqidg `dg`kpaxdridgg{d jdxd haxpdgk `dg haxjejei pdgdm {dgn magapdr# zapacdfzahacqmg{d haxhqxq `dg gemd`ag'
Zajeg` ^d|a &4>22 ZM - 4;>2+
Xa|ecqzk kg`qzpxk9 d`dg{d ragamqdg# ragnamhdgndg# `dg ragaxdrdgpaigecenk mazkg maidgkz zahdndk ragnndgpk pagdnd fa~dg `dg mdgqzkd'Nacemhdgn kgk mamkjq raxiamhdgndg `k hk`dgn kg`qzpxk# pxdgzrexpdzk#hkzgkz# `dg zahdndkg{d'
Pfkx` ^d|a &4;>; ‚ 8222+
Ragamqdg `dg ragnnqgd paigecenk kglexmdzk acaipxegki `dgiemrqpaxkzdzk?
:

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