Ee tracki is used as a metodi comparative coitive sciece to uderstad temid o aimals oter tauma beis.Te Primate Researc Istituteat Koto Uiversit successulluses Tobii Ee Trackers iresearc o cimpazees.
The Primate Research Institute at KyotoUniversity conducts research to understandthe minds o chimpanzees rom the stand-point o comparative cognitive science andto clariy aspects o the developmentaltrajectories o the chimpanzee mind.The research is quite closely connected withhuman developmental studies, and theextensive use o Tobii Eye Trackers ininant research was what frst caughtDr. Tomonaga’s interest in eye tracking.Dr. Tomonaga and the team had the Tobii eyetracker set up and tested and were surprisedand amazed at how well it worked on thechimpanzee. Now they are conductingseveral studies, which include eye tracking.Access to inormation such as lookingbehavior, duration, ocus points, etc., inthese areas provide drastic changes in greatape cognition studies.
“We had so many things we wanted to know! By introducing eye track-ing, the team can even search for, and identify, “unknown” questions tobe addressed in addition to those already known, which will be a great contribution to the research.”
Associate Proessor Dr. Masaki TomoaaPrimate Researc Istitute, Koto Uiversit
Leading eye Tracking TechnoLogy
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A chimpanzee is being eye tracked at a researchstation, while perorming a task.Scan path o chimpanzee. Scan path o human.
The team invites the chimpanzees toparticipate in study sessions in the morningat 9 and in the aternoon at 2. The duration oeach session is about 10 to 15 minutes.Participation is voluntary and depends onthe individual’s wish to cooperate on thatday.The institute has 6 research cells or theprojects and the studies are conducted withtwo chimpanzees in each study cell. Eachcell has two workstations and the chimpan-zees are occupied with their respective task.One o the tasks may include eye tracking.During the task they get rewarded with smallpieces o cut ruit or each correct actioncarried out. Ater a while they take turns andswitch tasks.
The research team is still in the phase ocollecting preliminary data on how thechimpanzees scan still images o humans,chimpanzees and other animals. Above andbelow are typical examples o scan paths bychimpanzees and humans, superimposedon pictures o chimpanzees, humans and
Questions that the team are interested inresearching are, or example; how chimpan-zees look at inormational areas versus back-grounds, how they scan the aces, torso,legs, genitals, etc. o humans, chimpanzeesand other animals, and how they scan aceswith dierent expressions on humans,chimpanzees and other animals.They not only study dierences betweenhuman eye gaze and chimpanzee eye gazebut also individual characteristics among thechimpanzees.