Welcome to Scribd. Sign in or start your free trial to enjoy unlimited e-books, audiobooks & documents.Find out more
Download
Standard view
Full view
of .
Look up keyword
Like this
15Activity
0 of .
Results for:
No results containing your search query
P. 1
Adat Bidayuh 1994

Adat Bidayuh 1994

Ratings:

5.0

(1)
|Views: 2,128|Likes:
Digitised version of Adat Bidayuh 1994, as codified by the Majilis Adat Istriadat.
Digitised version of Adat Bidayuh 1994, as codified by the Majilis Adat Istriadat.

More info:

Categories:Types, Research
Published by: Building Initiatives in Indigenous Heritage on Jan 27, 2009
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

Availability:

Read on Scribd mobile: iPhone, iPad and Android.
download as PDF or read online from Scribd
See more
See less

05/13/2013

 
ADAT BIDAYUH
1994
 
GENERAL EXPLANATIONINTRODUCTION1. This codified version of Adat Bidayuh is based on research carriedout by the Majlls Adat Istiadat Sarawak. Reference is also made to A.J.N.Richard's compilation of Dayak Adat Law in the First Division (AdatBidayuh) (Government Printer, 1964).2. Two earlier drafts of the Adat Bidayuh were thoroughly examinedand discussed by the Adat Bidayuh Drafting Committee and the KetuaKetua Masyarakat of the
Bidayuh
Communities of the Bau, Lundu, Kuchingand Serian Districts. The
first
draft
was examined and discussed by theDrafting Committee; the second.
draft
was thoroughly examined, discussedand approved by the Ketua-Ketua Masyarakat of the Bidayuh Communitiesat the Adat Bidayub Seminar held in Kuching from 18th to 22nd February,1992. At both levels of examination and discussion the concept of the
adat
for the Bidayuh people was identified and translated into standardterminologies which are not only acceptable to the Bidayuh throughoutSarawak but also suitable for administrative and legislative purposes. Manyof the
adat
compiled by
AJ.N
Richards were re-written to ensure thatestablished
adatomitted
by
him
were included in the present volume.Where some aspects of the
adat
differ in minute details among the fourmain Bidayuh groups, these were standardised in this
codification,
FUNCTION
OF
TIlE
ADAT3. The primary function of the
adat
in
the Bidayuh society is tomaintain a harmonious relationship among members of the community andto preserve the physical and spiritual well-being of the
kupuo.
Properconduct in accordance with the
adat
is believed
to
maintain thecommunity in a state of balance or ritual well-being with the gods andspirits. Any breach of the customs may threaten individual relationshipand the spiritual well-being of the community, such as the health andmaterial prosperity of the people. Therefore, remedial action must be takenimmediately by offering ritual propitiation.
In
order to preserve a cohesivecommunity life and maintain the continuing state of spiritual well-beingin terms of health-and material prosperity of the people, the
adat
mustbe strictly adhered to.
 
ii
ADMINISTRAnONOF ADATDIDAYUH 4. The Adat Bidayuh is governed by theNative Couns Ordinance,
1.992
(Ord.
9/92), and the Native CustomaryLaws Ordinance, 1955
(Cap.
51). Whoever deals with the Adat Bidayuhmust
be
mindfulof the aforesaid Ordinances as well as other existingwrittenlaws.The various sections of the Adat Bidayuh have been arranged in a proper sequence for ease
of
reference.5. Chapter I contains the definitionsof wordsandexpressions used in the main body
of
the Adat Bidayuh.Terminologiesfrom the different groups of Bidayuh have been collected andiden
tif
ied. However,
oBly
the
appropriate terminologies are used in themaintext, andthe others are placed within brackets in the appropriate placeinChapter I with indication of
the
dialectal areas in which these words or terminologies are used.6. Chapter II
deals
with customs relating to construction of a newlonghouse or
kupuo
and rules of social behaviour which is closelyregulated by the
adat
for both members of
the
longhouse and visitors.The Bidayuh pay great respect to their
adat
andthey expect other raceswhen visiting them to respect the same. Rules of social behaviour mustbe strictly adhered to by both members andvisitors. Any breach of the
adat
must be corrected immediately to avertdivine displeasure. 7. Chapter
ill
deals with customs relating to infringements of farming rites including the various prohibitions and taboos, stages of farmingactivities and rules pertaining to farm work groups. Whenever there isa breach of farming
rites,
immediate propitiationmeasures must be taken to appease the spirits in order to ensure the well-being of the crops.8. Chapter IV deals with customs relating to matrimonial or sexualmatters. The custom of
mowah
is retained because it is a good way ofestablishing a relationship between the males and females of marriageable age in the longhouse or
kupuo.
The
adat
spells out the concept of
mowah,
its meaning and purpose.9. Marriage between persons within the prohibited degrees ofrelationship, and incest or gross indecencyareserious offences affectingthe Bidayuh community. People who commit incest are prohibited frommarrying each other. Incest
is
an offence punishable with secular fine,
takud
and
prosis
for a ritual cleansing. Marriagebetween persons within certain prohibited degrees of relationship is permittedonlyafter undergoing the ritual of
nai
raban.
10. The Law Reform (Marriage andDivorce) Act, 1976
(Act 164)
does not prohibit the natives of Sarawak frommarrying according to their

Activity (15)

You've already reviewed this. Edit your review.
1 hundred reads
1 thousand reads
Tatulrich Tatul liked this
Joz Lie' liked this
Rapheal John liked this
Rapheal John liked this
Mukhris Abdullah liked this
Mel Odella liked this
Saufi Wahab liked this

You're Reading a Free Preview

Download
scribd
/*********** DO NOT ALTER ANYTHING BELOW THIS LINE ! ************/ var s_code=s.t();if(s_code)document.write(s_code)//-->