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Vertical bone augmentation: Methods and Prognosis
To review all the existing methods for the vertical augmentation used in dentalimplant and evaluate the prognosis and complication according to the different methods.
Materials and methods
The comprehensive overview of English literature is done through the Pubmed siteand the literatures related to various bone augmentation techniques is outlined. The keyword for the search was vertical augmentation and dental implant .The limitation forthis review was 10 years and dental journals.The number of literature reviewed was167 and the databases were Medline and Pubmed , with non-peer-reviewed articleseliminated as much as possible.
Several techniques have been developed to treat insufficient volume, but only fourof the most commonly performed are described. Three are frequently used: (1) sinusfloor elevation and (2) bone block graft, involving either a cortical or cortico-cancellousgraft and (3) GBR .The fourth is the technique of bone distraction, which is still indevelopment and may show promising results in the future because of its greatbiological pertinence.Depending on the implantation site, the morphology of the bone defect and thequantity of bone to be repaired determine the techniques used in oral surgery.
Many different techniques for reconstruction of bony defect exist for effective boneaugmentation. The approach is largely dependent on the extent of the defect and specificprocedures to be performed for the implant reconstruction It is most appropriate to usean evidence-based approach when a treatment plan is being developed for boneaugmentation cases.Key words: vertical augmentation, dental implant, bone substitute, bone graft,membrane