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COPD

COPD

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Published by mariaiva
materi kuliah interna COPD atau PPOK dan empiema paru
materi kuliah interna COPD atau PPOK dan empiema paru

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Categories:Types, School Work
Published by: mariaiva on Nov 26, 2012
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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01/15/2013

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COPD
(
CHRONIC OBSTRUCTIVE
PULMONARY DISEASE)EMPHYSEMA PULMONUM 
Dr.dr.Tahan P.H., SpP., DTCE., MARS
Penyakit Dalam FK-UWKS
26-11-12
 
Introduction
Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD) is oneof the top five causes of global mortality
COPD affects 210 million people worldwide
 
and causes 3million deaths annually (5% of all deaths worldwide)
1
It is predicted to become the third leading cause of globalmortality by 2030
2
The economic burden of COPD is high, with costs increasing as thedisease progresses- Costs associated with severe COPD are up to 17 times higher than thoseassociated with mild COPD
3
 - High costs are associated with treatment of exacerbations, such ashospitalisation
3
 - Indirect costs include loss of productivity in the workplace owing tosymptoms
3
 
WORLDWIDE PREVALENCE OF COPD
 Adapted from the
Global Strategy for the Diagnosis, Management, and Prevention of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease 
, GlobalInitiative for Chronic Obstructive Lung Disease (GOLD) 2005.
Male/1000Female/1000
0 2 4 6 8 10 12
Former Socialist economiesEstablished market economiesIndiaSub-Saharan AfricaLatin America and CaribbeanMiddle Eastern CrescentOther Asia and islands

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