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ENDOKRINOLOGY

ENDOKRINOLOGY

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Published by Rangga Pragasta

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Published by: Rangga Pragasta on Nov 27, 2012
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07/30/2013

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ENDOKRINOLOGY
RANGGA PRAGASTA SS205.12.1.0020
FAKULTAS KEDOKTERAN UNIVERSITAS ISLAM MALANGAnatomi dan Fisiologi Sistem Endokrin
Sistem endokrin, dalam kaitannya dengan sistem saraf, mengontrol dan memadukanfungsi tubuh. Kedua sistem ini bersama-sama bekerja untuk mempertahankan homeostasis tubuh.Fungsi mereka satu sama lain saling berhubungan, namun dapat dibedakan dengan karakteristik tertentu. Misalnya, medulla adrenal dan kelenjar hipofise posterior yang mempunyai asal darisaraf (neural). Jika keduanya dihancurkan atau diangkat, maka fungsi dari kedua kelenjar inisebagian diambil alih oleh sistem saraf.Bila sistem endokrin umumnya bekerja melalui hormon, maka sistem saraf bekerjamelalui neurotransmiter yang dihasilkan oleh ujung-ujung saraf.Organ-organ yang berperan dalam sistem endokrin adalah :1. Hipotalamus2. Kelenjar hipofisis3. Kelenjar tiroid4. Kelenjar paratiroid5. Pankreas6. Kelenjar adrenal7. Gonad (testis dan ovarium)
Struktur Sistem Endokrin :
Kelenjar eksokrin melepaskan sekresinya kedalam duktus pada permukaan tubuh,sepertikulit, atau organ internal, seperti lapisan traktusintestinal.Kelenjar endokrin termasuk hepar, pankreas(kelenjar eksokrin dan endokrin), payudara, dankelenjar lakrimalis untuk air mata. Sebaliknya, kelenjar endokrin melepaskan sekresinya langsung ke dalam darah .0100090000038e7909000000097c050000001610000026060f002220574d464301000000000001
 
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