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ME3122E - Tutorial Solution 4

# ME3122E - Tutorial Solution 4

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ME3122E - Tutorial Solution 4
ME3122E - Tutorial Solution 4

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02/04/2014

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1
Problem Set 4-Solutions
1. Hot exhaust gases used in a finned-tube cross-flow heat exchanger heat 2.5kg/s of water from 35 to 85
o
C. The gases [c
p
= 1.09 kJ/kg.K] enter at 200
o
C and leave at93
o
C. The overall heat-transfer coefficient is 180W/m
2
K. Calculate the area of theheat exchanger using (a) the LMTD approach and (b) the effectiveness – NTUmethod. (c) If the water flow rate is reduced by half, while the gas flow rate ismaintained constant along with the fluid inlet temperatures. Calculate the percentagereduction in heat transfer as a result of this reduced flow rate. Assume that the overallheat transfer coefficient remains the same. [Ans: (a) 37.8 m
2
(b) 37.8 m
2
(c) 15%.]
Solution:
a)
121221111221
ln()(20085)(9335)ln(115/58)83.385350.303(20035)200932.14(8535)From crossflow hx chart:0.92..2.54180500.9218083.3
LMTD
LMTD
T T t PT T  Rt Q mC t UAF  A A
 
2
37.8
m
U=180W/m
2
Water t
1
=35
0
C
m
=2.5Hot gasesT
1
=200
0
C

t
2
=85
0
C

T
2
=93
0
CATT
h1
200T
h2
93T
c1
85T
c2
3512

2 b)
minmaxminmaxmin2
:(20093)2.54180(8535)4883()2.5418010450()48830.4672.54180200930.64820035using chart1.4,1.4488337.98180
g gg gw wg
Energy balancem cm c C gasm c C wateUA NTU NT A m
 
c)
minmaxminminmax22
48832.54180/252251.4(no change)4883/52250.9350.552003590.75200109.25488390.75()()4.182.550488()
g gw wgg ggg g
m c m c UA NTU Cross flow hx chart T T Q C Q a Q cQ a
 
 
390.7515%4.182.550

32.

A shell-and-tube heat exchanger operates with two shell passes and four tube passes. The shell fluid is ethylene glycol, which enters at 140
o
C and leaves at80
o
C with a flow rate of 4500 kg/h. Water flows in the tubes, entering at 35
o
Cand leaving at 85
0
C. The overall heat-transfer coefficient for this arrangementis 850 W/m
2
K. Calculate the flow rate of water required and the area of theheat exchanger. [Ans: 0.984 kg/s, 5.24 m
2
].The flow rate of glycol to the exchanger is reduced in half with the entrancetemperatures of both fluids remaining the same. What is the water exittemperature under these new conditions, and by how much is the heat-transfer rate reduced? [Ans: 70.9
o
C, 28.2%]
Solution:
3maxminminmax
) 4500/3600/, 2.742/45002.742(14080)205.736004.180(8535)0.984/0.9844.180104113450027423428360034280.8334113140800.14035
g gwwwgg
i m kg s c kJ kgQ kW mm kg sC C

 
min2o2
571/1.3850W/mC.1.303428/8505.24
Hence NTU chart gives NTU UA given  A m

AT 14080853512Ethyleneglycolwater