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Maryland Historical Trust
 
Inventory No.
 
31-45
 
Maryland Inventory of
 
Historic Properties Form
1. Name of Property
 
(indicate preferred name)historic
Wheaton-Glenmont Police Station
 
other
Montgomery County Police Station, 4
th
District
 
2. Location
 street and number
2300 Randolph Road
not for publicationcity, town
Silver Spring
 
vicinity
 
county
Montgomery
3. Owner of Property
 
(give names and mailing addresses of all owners)
 
name
Montgomery County
 
street and number
EOB 101 Monroe Street
 
telephonecity, town
Rockville
 
state
MD
 
zip code
20850
 
4. Location of Legal Description
 
courthouse, registry of deeds, etc.
 
Montgomery County
 
liber 2545 folio
324
 
city, town
Rockville
 
tax map JQ13 tax parcel P641 tax ID number 13-00971702
 
5. Primary Location of Additional Data
 
Contributing Resource in National Register DistrictContributing Resource in Local Historic DistrictDetermined Eligible for the National Register/Maryland RegisterDetermined Ineligible for the National Register/Maryland RegisterRecorded by HABS/HAERHistoric Structure Report or Research Report at MHTOther:
6. Classification
 
Category Ownership Current Function Resource Count
 
district
 
X
 
public
 
agriculture landscape
 
Contributing Noncontributing
 
X
building(s) private
 
commerce/trade recreation/culture
2
 
buildings
 
structure both
 
defense religion
 
sites
 
site domestic social
 
structures
 
object
 
education
 
transportation
 
objects
 
funerary
 
work in progress
 
2
 
Total
 
X
government
 
unknown
 
health care
 
vacant/not in use
 
Number of Contributing Resources
 
industry
 
other:
 
previously listed in the Inventory
 
 
7. Description
 
Inventory No.
 
31-45
 
Condition
X
 
excellent deterioratedgood ruinsfair alteredPrepare both a one paragraph summary and a comprehensive description of the resource and its various elements as itexists today.
Summary
The Wheaton-Glenmont Police Station is a Colonial Revival complex built in two stages. The earliest is the westernmost,cruciform section built in 1959. The station was expanded to the east in 1968 with a compatible, hip-roofed section.The complex features traditional details including denticulated cornices, brick laid in American bond course, moldedbrick surrounds, and double hung sash windows.
Description
The Wheaton-Glenmont Police Station (1959; 1968) is located near the intersection of Randolph Road and GeorgiaAvenue. (Figures 1 and 2) The parcel (P641) is approximately 1.83 acres (79,585 sq. ft.).The main building is a cruciform cross-gable section built in 1959. The structure faces north, with a long wing extendingto the west. (Figures 3-11) To its east is a flat-roofed, two-story section with parapet that connects to a two-story hiproofed section, constructed in 1968. The complex is built into the slope of land so that it is mainly one story on thenorth, and two stories on the south. Walls have brick facing laid in five-course American bond. The roof is covered withasphalt shingles. Windows are replacement vinyl units, with double hung sash.The gable-front main entrance faces north onto Randolph Road. The front façade has a white, denticulated woodencornice that returns over quoins that form stylized pilasters at both corners. Centered below is an oversize, brickdoorframe set in raised relief from the surrounding brick wall, and finished with shaped corners. Original wood doubledoors are lit by an 8x2 light transom. Double hung sash windows flank the doorway.The flat-roofed section to the east has a parapet punctuated by decorative metal panels, which rise above a denticulatedcornice. Entrance is through the easternmost bay. Windows at basement and first levels have flat lintels with radiatingvoussoirs and molded brick sills.In the southwest corner of the parcel is a two-bay, side-gable garage that dates from 1959.
1
(Figure 12) Next to it is asmall side-gable outbuilding with matching rooftop ventilator. The 60-car parking lot is original to the complex.In 1993, the operating systems of the building were renovated, including HVAC, electrical and lighting. In 2003-2005,the interior was renovated, including asbestos abatement, sprinkler system installation, and network wiring. Interiornon-load bearing walls were removed. Halls, stairs, elevator, and restroom facilities retain their original size andconfiguration. Original 8 over 12 sash windows on the main block and 12 over 12 on the east section were replaced withvinyl double-hung sash with sandwich muntins. A wheelchair ramp installed at the main north entrance is visuallycompatible with the complex.
 
1
A period news account describes the 20 by 40 foot garage, and 60-car parking lot. Washington Post, November 17, 1959.
 
 
8. Significance
 
Inventory No.
31-45
 
Period Areas of Significance Check and justify below
1600-1699 agriculture economics health/medicine performing arts1700-1799 archeology education industry philosophy1800-1899
X
 
architecture engineering invention
X
politics/government
X
1900-1999 art entertainment/ landscape architecture religion2000- commerce recreation law sciencecommunications ethnic heritage literature social history
X
community planning exploration/ maritime history transportationconservation settlement military other:
Specific dates
 
Architect/Builder
 
Bagley-Soulé & Associates
 
Construction dates
 
1959 (original station); 1968 (east wing)
Evaluation for:National Register Maryland Register not evaluatedPrepare a one-paragraph summary statement of significance addressing applicable criteria, followed by a narrative discussion of thehistory of the resource and its context. (For compliance projects, complete evaluation on a DOE Form – see manual.)
Summary
The Glenmont police station is the oldest extant police station building in Montgomery County. It was the first countystructure built to exclusively house police facilities. The brick Colonial Revival style building, designed in 1958 by Bagley-Soulé & Associates architects, reflects a civic image that draws on the traditional architecture of colonial Maryland. Inaddition, the building is the only surviving example of four Colonial Revival office buildings that county governmentagencies constructed in this era--the lone extant representative of the period of Colonial Revival civic buildings.Subsequent police stations built in Bethesda (1962), Silver Spring (1962), and Rockville (1963), were modernist in design.
Site History
In 1958, Montgomery County acquired the initial parcel of land, located along Glenmont-Colesville Road, now known asRandolph Road.
2
The fire station to the immediate west had been constructed in 1953. Over the course of less than adecade, the Glenmont area had become a suburban haven of several hundred single family houses, starting withGlenmont Forest, in 1949, followed by Glenmont Village and Glenmont Hills (1949), and Glenmont Knolls (1952).When it opened, the police station facility featured a large classroom, four detention cells, a four-stall pistol range, 20 x40-foot garage, and 60-car parking lot. The station was staffed by 52 officers, four desk clerks, and three committingmagistrates, and served a population of 70,000 in a 100-square mile district. The Glenmont Station served residents in adistrict bounded to the south by Plyers Mill Road, to the west by Rock Creek, and included Wheaton Triangle, Viers MillRoad, Colesville, and Olney.
3
 
2
Montgomery County acquired a parcel of 5,455 sq ft from Contee Sand & Gravel, October 28, 1958. Deed 2545:324.
3
Washington Post, November 21, 1959.

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