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# Radical Functions Class Booklet SOLUTIONS

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Topics 2 and 3 from our class handout
Topics 2 and 3 from our class handout

Categories:Types, School Work

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12/04/2012

pdf

text

original


(
) =
+

Alberta Ed Learning Outcome:

Transformations of radical functions also includes sketching and analyzing the transformation of
=
(
)
to
=
  
(
)
. The function
=
(
)
should be limited to linear or quadratic functions.

Consider the coordinates of the 6 indicated points on the graph below.
Do not label.

Transform each point by the mapping rule
(
,
)
(
,

)
. Plot each new point.

Sketch the resulting transformed graph.
can have the form
=
  
(
)
. In this topic we’ll examine thecharacteristics of the graph of a radical function, along with the domain and range.

(
) =

Follow the same steps indicated in the task box for Explore 1.
State the
equation
of the transformed function
State the
domain
and
range
of both
=
(
)
and
=
  
(
)

Explain
how you can derive the domain of a function
=
  
(
)
, given the graph of equaon of

(
)
.
State the
equation
of the transformed function
State the
domain
and
range
of both
=
(
)
and
=
  
(
)

Explain
how the graph of
=
  
(
)
differs from the graphof
=
.
Invariant Points
(where

=
or
)
0,210,30,4(10,16)
=

+


(
):

  
(
):
Domain:
{
}
Domain:
{
 ≥ −
}
Range:
{
}
Range:
{
}

Excellent question! The function
=
  
(
)

is oly deﬁed where

(
)>
. So
the domai ca be foud by locan the
-intercept of
=
(
)

ad determiinwhere the nraph is posie (boe the
-axis)
=


(
,

)

(
,
)

All points
(
,
)
(
,

)

=

+


(
):

  
(
):
Domain:
{
}
Domain:
{
}
Range:
{
}
Range:
{
}

Very similar –
howeer ulike o the nraph of

(
)
, the nraph of
  
(
)

is always positie Sice whe x=0 we first SQU(RE the
number, then square root it)

Given the graph or equation of a function
=
(
)
, wecan obtain the graph of
=
  
(
)
by transforming allpoints
(
,
)
(
,

)
.
See poits (
and B

The
domain
of
=
  
(
)
can be found by consideringthe zeros /
-intercepts of
=
(
)
.Since we can’t square root negatives,
=
  
(
)
isdefined wherever

(
)
0
, that is, wherever the graph isabove the
-axis.
See point D

(D is the “start point” for the domain)


(
)=
−
+

=
  
(
)

(
−
.
,
)

(
−
.
,
)





The
invariant points
in the transformation from
=
(
)
to
=
  
(
)
can be found by consideringwhere the value of

(
)
is 0 or 1.
See points C and D.
(The square root of 0 is 0, and the square root of 1 is 1.)

Working from the equation of
=
√
4
2
The domain is
:

And the invariant points occur wherever we are square rooting
0
or
1
. (
√
0 = 0
and
√
1 = 1
)
1
st
invariant point is where

(
)= 0
2
nd
invariant point is where

(
)= 1
Whatever we are square rootingcannot be negative. (That is, itmust be
0
)
4
2
0

2
4

-2-2
*When dividing (or multiplying)both sides of an inequality by 0,
reverse the inequality
direction!
4
2
= 0

2
=
4

=

4
2
= 1

2
=
3

=

.

Recall

(
)
is “
4
2
So, coordinates of invariant point are

(

,

)
So, coordinates of invariant point are

(

.

,

)
1.

For each given graph of
=
(
)
, sketch the graph of
=
  
(
)
, and state its domain, range, andany invariant points.(a)

(
)=
−

Domain of
=
(
)
:
Domain of
=
  
(
)
:Range of
=
(
)
: Range of
=
  
(
)
:Invariant Points:
=
√ −

(
,
)

(
,
)

{
}

{
}

{
.
}

{
}
Are on the graph of

(
)=
−
where the value (y-coordinate) is0 or 1.
POINTS are: and

(1.5, 0) (2, 1)

(b)

(
)=
−
.

+

(c)

(
)=
.


Domain of
=
(
)
:
Domain of
=
  
(
)
:Range of
=
(
)
: Range of
=
  
(
)
:Invariant Points:Domain of
=
(
)
:
Domain of
=
  
(
)
:Range of
=
(
)
: Range of
=
  
(
)
:Invariant Points:

(d)

(
)=
−
+


Domain of
=
(
)
:
Domain of
=
  
(
)
:Range of
=
(
)
: Range of
=
  
(
)
:Invariant Points:

(e)

(
)=
.

+

Domain of
=
(
)
:
Domain of
=
  
(
)
:Range of
=
(
)
: Range of
=
  
(
)
:Invariant Points:
{
}

{
}

{
 ≤ 
}

{
}

POINTS are: and

(10, 0) (8, 1)
{
}

{
}

{
 ≤ −
,


}

{
}
Are on the graph of

(
)
where the value (y-coordinate) is 0 or 1.
POINTS are: and

(-2.45, 1), (-2, 0), (2, 0) (2.45, 1)
=
√ −
.

+
On the graph of

(
)
the y-intercept is 5…on
=
  
(
)
it’s
√
,or approximately 2.24

=

.


DOM(IN:
Graph of
  
(
)
is defined where
0.5
2
2
0
(Solve graphically – what are the x-intercepts of

(
)= 0.5
2
2
/ where is the graph above the x-axis?)
0.5
2
2 = 1

0.5
2
= 3

= ±

30.5
Find
where

(
)= 1

{
}

{
 ≤ 
}

{
− ≤  ≤ 
}

{
 ≤  ≤ 
}
Are on the graph of

(
)
where the value (y-coordinate) is 0 or 1.
POINTS are: and

(-3.87, 1), (-4, 0), (4, 0) (3.87, 1)
−
2
+16 = 1

15 =
2

= ±
√
15
Find
where

(
)= 1

=
 −
+


{
}

{
 ∈≥ 
}

{
}

{
}
Are on the graph of

(
)
where the value (y-coordinate) is 0 or 1.EXCEPT

(
)
is never 0!
POINT is:

(0, 1)
=

.

+