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Radical Functions Class Booklet SOLUTIONSRatings: (0)|Views: 101|Likes: 2

Published by Marc Lambert

Topics 2 and 3 from our class handout

Topics 2 and 3 from our class handout

See more

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https://www.scribd.com/doc/114849170/Radical-Functions-Class-Booklet-SOLUTIONS

12/04/2012

text

original

(

) =

+

Alberta Ed Learning Outcome:

Graph and analyze radical functions.

•

Transformations of radical functions also includes sketching and analyzing the transformation of

=

(

)

to

=

(

)

. The function

=

(

)

should be limited to linear or quadratic functions.

Consider the coordinates of the 6 indicated points on the graph below.

Do not label.

Transform each point by the mapping rule

(

,

)

→

(

,

)

. Plot each new point.

Sketch the resulting transformed graph.

A radical function

can have the form

=

(

)

. In this topic we’ll examine thecharacteristics of the graph of a radical function, along with the domain and range.

(

) =

Follow the same steps indicated in the task box for Explore 1.

State the

equation

of the transformed function

State the

domain

and

range

of both

=

(

)

and

=

(

)

Explain

how you can derive the domain of a function

=

(

)

, given the graph of equaon of

(

)

.

State the

equation

of the transformed function

State the

domain

and

range

of both

=

(

)

and

=

(

)

Explain

how the graph of

=

(

)

differs from the graphof

=

.

Invariant Points

(where

=

or

)

0,210,30,4(10,16)

=

+

(

):

(

):

Domain:

{

∈

}

Domain:

{

≥ −

}

Range:

{

∈

}

Range:

{

≥

}

Excellent question! The function

=

(

)

is oly deﬁed where

(

)>

. So

the domai ca be foud by locan the

-intercept of

=

(

)

ad determiinwhere the nraph is posie (boe the

-axis)

=

(

,

)

(

,

)

All points

(

,

)

→

(

,

)

=

+

(

):

(

):

Domain:

{

∈

}

Domain:

{

∈

}

Range:

{

≥

}

Range:

{

≥

}

Very similar –

howeer ulike o the nraph of

(

)

, the nraph of

(

)

is always positie Sice whe x=0 we first SQU(RE the

number, then square root it)

Given the graph or equation of a function

=

(

)

, wecan obtain the graph of

=

(

)

by transforming allpoints

(

,

)

→

(

,

)

.

See poits (

and B

The

domain

of

=

(

)

can be found by consideringthe zeros /

-intercepts of

=

(

)

.Since we can’t square root negatives,

=

(

)

isdefined wherever

(

)

≥

0

, that is, wherever the graph isabove the

-axis.

See point D

(D is the “start point” for the domain)

(

)=

−

+

=

(

)

(

−

.

,

)

(

−

.

,

)

The

invariant points

in the transformation from

=

(

)

to

=

(

)

can be found by consideringwhere the value of

(

)

is 0 or 1.

See points C and D.

(The square root of 0 is 0, and the square root of 1 is 1.)

Working from the equation of

=

√

4

−

2

…

The domain is

:

And the invariant points occur wherever we are square rooting

0

or

1

. (

√

0 = 0

and

√

1 = 1

)

1

st

invariant point is where

(

)= 0

…

2

nd

invariant point is where

(

)= 1

…

Whatever we are square rootingcannot be negative. (That is, itmust be

≥

0

)

4

−

2

≥

0

−

2

≥ −

4

≤

-2-2

*When dividing (or multiplying)both sides of an inequality by 0,

reverse the inequality

direction!

4

−

2

= 0

−

2

=

−

4

=

4

−

2

= 1

−

2

=

−

3

=

.

Recall

(

)

is “

4

−

2

”

So, coordinates of invariant point are

(

,

)

So, coordinates of invariant point are

(

.

,

)

1.

For each given graph of

=

(

)

, sketch the graph of

=

(

)

, and state its domain, range, andany invariant points.(a)

(

)=

−

Domain of

=

(

)

:

Domain of

=

(

)

:Range of

=

(

)

: Range of

=

(

)

:Invariant Points:

=

√ −

(

,

)

(

,

)

{

∈

}

{

∈

}

{

≥

.

}

{

≥

}

Are on the graph of

(

)=

−

where the value (y-coordinate) is0 or 1.

POINTS are: and

(1.5, 0) (2, 1)

(b)

(

)=

−

.

+

(c)

(

)=

.

−

Domain of

=

(

)

:

Domain of

=

(

)

:Range of

=

(

)

: Range of

=

(

)

:Invariant Points:Domain of

=

(

)

:

Domain of

=

(

)

:Range of

=

(

)

: Range of

=

(

)

:Invariant Points:

(d)

(

)=

−

+

Domain of

=

(

)

:

Domain of

=

(

)

:Range of

=

(

)

: Range of

=

(

)

:Invariant Points:

(e)

(

)=

.

+

Domain of

=

(

)

:

Domain of

=

(

)

:Range of

=

(

)

: Range of

=

(

)

:Invariant Points:

{

∈

}

{

∈

}

{

≤

}

{

≥

}

POINTS are: and

(10, 0) (8, 1)

{

∈

}

{

∈

}

{

≤ −

,

≥

}

{

≥

}

Are on the graph of

(

)

where the value (y-coordinate) is 0 or 1.

POINTS are: and

(-2.45, 1), (-2, 0), (2, 0) (2.45, 1)

=

√ −

.

+

On the graph of

(

)

the y-intercept is 5…on

=

(

)

it’s

√

,or approximately 2.24

=

.

−

DOM(IN:

Graph of

(

)

is defined where

0.5

2

−

2

≥

0

(Solve graphically – what are the x-intercepts of

(

)= 0.5

2

−

2

/ where is the graph above the x-axis?)

0.5

2

−

2 = 1

0.5

2

= 3

= ±

30.5

Find

where

(

)= 1

{

∈

}

{

≤

}

{

− ≤ ≤

}

{

≤ ≤

}

Are on the graph of

(

)

where the value (y-coordinate) is 0 or 1.

POINTS are: and

(-3.87, 1), (-4, 0), (4, 0) (3.87, 1)

−

2

+16 = 1

15 =

2

= ±

√

15

Find

where

(

)= 1

=

−

+

{

∈

}

{

∈≥

}

{

∈

}

{

≥

}

Are on the graph of

(

)

where the value (y-coordinate) is 0 or 1.EXCEPT

(

)

is never 0!

POINT is:

(0, 1)

=

.

+

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