The Water Management Agreement and Peak Delivery
A Muskrat Falls Discussion Paper – Volume II Page 2
Delivery Schedule 1: Peak Period Delivery
Following the 2016 renewal of the Power Contract Hydro Quebec have the contractual right torequest power on a variable schedule, presumably to meet their requirements for bothdomestic and export purposes. To better understand my initial concerns the reader is asked toconsider the following possible delivery schedule:First 15 Days of Month: Full Output of Upper Churchill from 8:30 ET to 20:30 ETMinimum Output for remainder of dayLast 15 Days of Month: Continuous Output to use remainder of monthly energyallocation.From the period of 10:00 to 22:00 NT the entire output of the Upper Churchill will be allocatedto Hydro Quebec (not considering the TwinCo and RECALL blocks of power). During this periodNalcor would not be able to access any banked energy from the Upper Churchill facility, and theobligation to the island will be solely dependent upon available Recall, and the Muskrat FallsPlant.This period noted above corresponds to both the peak period for Newfoundland consumption,but also the period which the 167 MW delivery is required to meet the Emera obligation.Although the full output of the Upper Churchill is allocated to Hydro Quebec delivery, the waterflow with the Muskrat reservoir should be sufficient to meet island demands via the MuskratFalls plant. Mr. Bennett clarified this as follows:
Running at full output, Churchill Falls would discharge about 2000 cubic metres per second into the Churchill River. Assuming no reservoir draw down, this level of discharge from CF would by itself provide about 630 MW of production at Muskrat Falls. We could run MF at a higher output level for a period of time and draw down theMF reservoir, or we could hold that capacity for reserve in the event of a maintenanceissue, and dispatch our other hydro units in the Nalcor fleet. We always maintainreserve in the system, so we could keep it at Muskrat Falls as well as anywhere else. Wecurrently make these dispatch decisions many times per day, responding to water levels, inflows, system load, maintenance issues, on the island. With theinterconnection, MF/CF will be added to the mix.
Upon initial review I was somewhat surprised by Mr. Bennett’s response, as it represented adeparture from the original plan presented by Nalcor for Muskrat Falls as outlined within thevarious public submissions.